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155 Cards in this Set

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False

The actual presence of the Audience is one of the elements of drama as described by Aristotle in his work "the poetics."

True

Drama is a category of literature and theatre is an art form created from drama.

False

Theatre is considered a non-collaborative art form and requires the ultimate controlling artist in the form of a director.

True

Dionysus is known as the greek god of wine and fertility and theatrical festivals were held in his honor.

False

A catharsis is a greek religious rite in which a chorus of fifty men chanted and danced; the precursor to greek tragedy development.

True

thespis stepped out of the chorus, delivered a prologue, impersonated a character and became the person known as the first actor.

true

in the ancient greek theatre, the orchestra was a circular ground level acting area in front of the stage house used primarily by the chorus.

false

the term hamartia refers to the purging of emotions, both pity and fear.

false

many locales, numerous characters, and the span of time all characterize the qualities of climactic structure.

false

aristophanes outlined the elements of drama in his critical analysis of the greek tragedy, oedipus rex by sophocles.

true

by definition, in classical greek tragedy the protagonist at the center of the drama accepts the responsibility of his actions.

true

in greek drama the chorus is used to give exposition, add spectacle, move the plot along, add rhythm/music, and act as an ideal audience.

false

in the greek physical theatre at the very center of the parados was an alter for a sacrifice to the gods.

false

a kothorni is an elaborate headdress worn by the actors.

false

the pariaktoi is a stage house used primarily by the lead actors.

true

a satyr play is an after piece, presented at the end of a trilogy of tragedies, short bawdy farces that parodied the events of the tragedies and traditional greek myths.

false

an actress named jocasta was well know for her portrayal of "medea" in the hellenistic period of theatre.

false

greek new comedy employs stock characters and domestic scenes. in the greek theatre, menander is the playwright associated with this style.

false

political satire and social stabs is at the heart of new comedy.

false

a messenger scene is a roman theatrical convention by which the happenings off stage are described to the audience, most often violent incidents within the story lines or plot.

true

in roman comedy the characters were stock types involved in comic and domestic situations.

true

the two main roman comic playwrights were plautus and terence.

true

the roman playwright and his work had great influence over many of the playwrights during the elizabethan time period.

false

terence is a roman playwright that employs the use of low domestic farce and comedy with an edge.

true

seneca was a playwright who had a style that was marked by the use ghost and super natural characters; he has long bombastic speeches; and main character driven by a single driving objective.

true

the romans are known for presenting sport type games in which men battle other men or animals, and most often to the death.

true

the church is one of the main reasons that the roman theatre began to decline (constantine/christianity)

true

the church is the main reason that the religious medieval theatre began.

false

miracle plays were performed in cycles and were a type of medieval form of drama that developed from liturgical drama and treated biblical stories and themes. "mystery plays"

true

morality plays are a form of allegorical medieval plays, in which the characters represent abstractions such as: good deed, death, virtue, everyman, etc.

true

mansions are simple scenic devices that suggest locale

false

a hamartia is a neutral acting space in midieval theatre. "plateau"

true

the teatro olympics is an example of a roman theatre moved in doors.

true

commedia dell arte is a form largely improvised, utilizing masked stock type characters and began as street theatre.

true

capitano was a stock character in the comedy dell arte know as the braggart coward/soldier.

false

a zanni is a physical joke or verbal exchange that is a sure fire comic bit of business.

false

a soliloquy is a dialogue delivered by actors. sometimes played as the character thinking out loud.

true

groundlings are spectators of the english theatre who stood in the pit or yard.

true

sides are smaller portions of a full script with a single actor's lines and cues.

true

the "master of revels" was the person responsible for the licensing of plays in the english renaissance and beyond.

true

the main contributions to theatre during the italian renaissance were in scenic design, theatre architecture, and stage spectacle.

true

shakespeare was an actor, director, and shareholder as well as a playwright.

false

the "tiring house" in the elizabethan stage refers to a storage place beneath the stage. "backstage"

false

the public theatres during shakespeare's time were built in the middle of the city to accommodate the puritan audiences.

false

groundlings were the ticket takers who collected the price of admission in the elizabethan public theatre.

false

commedia dell arte was characterized by performances built around scripts inspired by moliere.

true

christopher marlow was an elizabethan playwright who was a contemporary of shakespeare and is known for his work with the history play.

true

the intermezzi was a form of spectacle in the italian renaissance that inspired the birth to opera.

false

elizabeth I declared acting un-lawful and forbid religious drama.

false

the english renaissance saw a period of adherence tot he neo-classical period ideals.

well written tragedy

not an important contribution from the italian renaissance theatre:

emphasis on script

not true about commedia dell arte:

auditorium, stage, machinery, scenery, (all the above)

by 1650, italy had a theatre design which dominated europe for the next 200 years in which of the following ways:


tragicomedy

this type of drama bridges genres, it maintains a serious theme although the tone varies from gave to humorous.

category or kind

genre means

theme

aristotle's term for the play's overall statement, topic, central idea

repertory

the plays a theatre company produces

style

another word for mode/ism

farce, incongruity, repetition, and surprise

not a point/element in seneca's writing

folk play

not a type of medieval religious drama

church, english monarchs, rediscovery of the classical theatre and drama, (all of these)

what led to the decline of medieval theatre

straight parts, handsome and sympathetic, no masks, plot orientated, "all the above"

which of the following is true about the pair of lovers in commedia

the renaissance world held that god, not man, was the measure of all things

which of the following is not true of the renaissance

the reign of elizabeth "1558-1603"

the elizabethan age refers to:

the historical period marked by the reign of james I (1603-1625)

the jacobean era refers to:

unhappy endings

is not a feature of melodrama:

cause and effect events unfolding, clear exposition, logical reversals, mounting suspense, "all are parts"

which is not part of the "cause to effect" play structure:

dramatic characters emerged from high-class strata: kings and princes

which is not true of realist drama:

conceptualizing the play and giving it vision and purpose

which of the following tasks belong to the director

moliere

which is not a commedia character

ROMAN

a period where popular entertainment games were at their height.

GREEK

where western drama is said to have been inspired.

MEDIEVAL

a time period when the emphasis was on religious drama

ELIZABETHAN

marked by the legacy of one of the greatest playwrights in history. "shakespeare"

ITALIAN RENAISSANCE

the picture frame stage got its start

PROSCENIUM

a stage, framed by an arch above and on the sides of the playing area

ARENA

a stage space with audience on all sides of the acting area.

MAIN STAGE

the primary acting space in the english renaissance public theatre.

THRUST

a performance space where the stage is surrounded on three sides by the viewing audience.

PLATEAU

a neutral stage area that can be used as a generalized playing space

PASTORAL

a drama staged in the country or woodland setting. some of shakespeare's plays contain elements of this style

BURLESQUE

the mockery of a writing style by an exaggerated imitation of its predominant characteristics.

LAZZI

bits of comic business and gimmicks performed by the clowns in the comedy dell arte.

INTERMEZZI

a style of spectacle that was performed between regular acts of drama and later inspired the birth of opera.

JACOBEAN

this period was marked by dramatic forms that utilized tabloid-ism and exploitation methods.

CLASSICAL GREEK PERIOD

where western drama and great tragedy is said to have been inspired.

DIONYSUS

greek god of wine and fertility

DITHYRAMB

greek religious rite which a chorus of 50 men chant and dance.

THESPIS

stepped out of chorus, delivered a prologue, impersonated a character, and became the person known as the first actor.

MASK

covering of the face, used traditionally by actors in many theatrical periods.

ONKOS "ON HEAD"

an elaborate head dressing worn by actors in the greek theatre

KATHORNI


the footwear of the actor in greek theatre

CHITON

robe used by greeks

ORCHESTRA

in ancient greek theatre, a circular ground level acting area in front of the stage house used primarily by the chorus.

SKENE

stage house used by lead actors.

PARADOS

two entrance areas used by chorus in greek theatre that is also part of the structure within the dramas.

ALTAR

center of the orchestra in greek theatre, used for sacrifice to gods.

MACHINA

crane like device..

DUES EX MACHINA

devine intervention from the gods.

EKKYLKEMA

wagon type device used to display the remains of a character who has died

PERIAKTOI

three-sided scenic device

AESCELUS "escalate"

the greek playwright , added the second actor. made dialogue possible

SOPHOCLES

added third actor, wrote oedipus rex

EURIPIDES

greek playwright, was skeptical of the gods, not admired in his day. wrote medea

GREEK OLD COMEDY

used political satire and social stabs is at the heart of these plays; aristophanes is attributed with this style

GREEK NEW COMEDY

use of stock characters and domestic sense. menander is the playwright associated with this style.

MESSENGER SCENE

theatrical convention used in the greek theatre

CHORUS

group of characters who give exposition, move plot along, add spectacle, etc.

CATHARSIS

purging of emotions, pity and fear

HAMARTIA

tragic flaw within the protagonist

HUBRIS

too much pride within protagonist

CLASSICAL GREEK TRAGEDY

the protagonist at the center of the drama is upper class birth and accepts the responsibility of his actions.

ROMAN PERIOD

a period where popular entertainment games and domestic comedy were at their height in popularity.

ROMAN COMEDY

featured stock characters such as; ridiculous older men, clever slaves, courtesans, shrew wives and comic domestic situations and squabbles

PLAUTUS

was a roman playwright who employed the use of low domestic farce and comedy with an edge.

TERENCE

a roman playwright who had a refined romantic style with fairytale endings: wedding

ASPECTS OF ROMAN TRAGEDY PLAYWRIGHT SENECA

strong and driven main characters-violence called for on stage-long bombastic speeches. obsessed with ghosts and supernatural world.

SENECA

roman playwright of tragedy. no evidence that his dramas were ever fully staged.

THE MIMES

troupe of performers

DARK AGES

time period of famine and survival is marked by the downfall of rome in which there is very little evidence of any theatrical performances.

MIDDLE AGES

time period giving us a legacy of religious drama instituted by the church.

MYSTERY/CYCLE PLAYS

a type of medieval drama that treated biblical stories.

MORALITY PLAYS

a form, in which the characters represent abstractions such as: good deeds, virtue, gluttony, etc

MIRACLE PLAYS

presented lives of saints/martyrs.

MANSIONS

simple scenic devices that suggest locale

PLATEA

A medieval neutral acting space in medieval theatre.

PAGEANT WAGONS

rolling stage platforms traditionally moved to specific locals within the city/towns and presented a specific portion of a cycle/mystery play.

HELLS MOUTH

a locale, generally on the left of a fixed stage. earthly locals are depicted in the center stage areas and heaven is on the right.

TRADE GUILDS

groups that helped to sponser the religious dramas of the middle ages. was a honor or civic duty to help mount these religious plays.

SECULAR DRAMA

non religious plays of the middle ages.

HENRY VIII

this ruler broke with the roman church and set stage for a later rime period in which religious drama would be forbidden.

DECLINE OF MEDIEVAL THEATRE

church distances itself and ends sponsorship-english monarchs restrict and forbid religious drama-renaissance spreads and man rediscovers the classical theatre of the greeks and romans.

IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE

proscenium arch stage, development of perspective scenery, theatre architecture, scene shifting devices, birth of opera, comeddia dell arte.

ACADEMIES

schools of study organized by the italians where the greek and roman classical periods were examined

PASTORAL

a drama staged in the country or woodland setting which emphasized spectacle and the creatures from mythology which inhabited these woods. shakespeare.

TEATRO OLYMPICO

an example of a classical roman theatre architecture built indoors.

TEATRO FARNESE

oldest existent picture frame stage built by the italians in the renaissance period.

PROSCENIUM ARCH STAGE

a stage framed by an arch above and on the sides of the playing area developed by the italians to frame the scenic designs of the time.

ITALIAN RENAISSANCE

picture frame got its start and spectacle was a predominate element.

INTERMEZZI

a style of spectacle that was performed between the regular acts of drama and later inspired the birth of opera. commercial break

COMMEDIA DELL ARTE

italian art form that is improvised working from scenarios utilizing stock type characters and adaptable to any playing space

LAZZI

bits of comic business and gimmicks performed by the clowns and servants in the comeddia dell arte.


PANTALONE

a ridiculous older man character that was a tight wad and generally concerned with his childrens love affairs.

CAPITANO

this character is known as the braggart soldier and runs from any fight.

DOTTORE

a quack doctor who is a seller of potions or the fake academic who spouts false knowledge

ZANNI

servant characters who made fools of their masters. can be smart or dumb. acrobatics and other performance arts.

SOLILOQUY

theatrical convention in which a character delivers a speech alone on stage

GROUNDLINGS

were audience members of the english theatre who stood in the pit or yard.

SIDES

smaller portions of a full script with a single actor's line and cues

CHRISTOPHER MARLOW

an elizabethan playwright known for his work with the history play.

BEN JOHNSON

famous for creating characters who suffer from an abundance of humors.

THRUST STAGE

stage space with audience on all sides of the acting area

MAIN STAGE

this is the primary acting space in the english renaissance

ARENA

A performance space where the viewing audience surrounds the stage on three sides.

MOLIERE

best comic actor of his day with plays inspired by the commedia dell arte.