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19 Cards in this Set

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What is a primary source?

Primary sources existed or were made at the time being studied. For example: the bones of someone who lived then, a temple built then or a written account by someone who saw events happen at that time.

At the time

What is a secondary source?

A secondary source is a piece of evidence created after the time being studied. For example: a plaster reconstruction of a skeleton, a film made about an earlier event or a book written about the art of an earlier time.

After the study

What does BC mean?

Before Christ.

What does AD mean?

anno Domini (in the year of our Lord).

What does BCE mean?

Before the Common Era.

What does CE mean?

Common Era.

What were six key events from the Middle Ages (you should be able to place these events on a timeline)?

Crusades, the Plague, the Battle of Hastings, the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Great Famine.

Hungry and sick and fighting

When did the Crusades begin and end?

1096 – 1270.

Ten ninety something to

Approximately when did the Plague begin?

The plague began in 1347 in Sicily.

Thirteen forty something

How did feudalism work?

A king or ruler would offer his land to his nobles in exchange for their sworn loyalty and military support. The king or ruler became their 'lord' and they became his vassals (comes from the Latin word 'servant'). Nobles did the same thing with their knights: this time the noble was the lord and the knight his vassal.

Define feudalism.

A medieval European political, economic and social system from the 9th-15th century.

Tony and White House and money and talk

Define barbarian.

A member (in ancient times) of a people not belonging to one of the great civilization.

Define hierarchy.

A system in which members of an organisation or society are ranked according to relative status or authority.

Define manorialism.

In the Middle Ages, it was the economical system that allowed feudalism to succeed. It was a working arrangement between a lord and the peasants who worked on his estate, called a manor.

It's all about the money

What's the difference between a yeomen and a serf?

A serf is someone working on the manor that owned no land or property and had to obey their lord in respect for their comings and goings and other matters. A yeoman owned some land, etc.

Why did the church have so much power?

Everyone rich or poor was a Christian. Church teachings were thus widely accepted and followed. These teachings influenced rituals and lifestyles that people observed. For many, especially those who lived short, miserable lives, the Church's teachings were a great comfort.

The poor needs to be comforted, influenced

How long did the Middle Ages last for (centuries)?

5th to the 15th.

When did the Middle Ages begin (event)?

It began after the fall of the Western Roman empire.

How did people react to the Plague?

Some people, terrified they would catch the disease, stayed in their homes. Others fled, deserting even their own sick children. Others had a more defiant attitude, they spent their time drinking in taverns and doing whatever they wished because they knew they were going to die. They thought the Plague was caused by foul smell, poisoned water, rats or punishment by God.

Also what did they do to try and avoid the Plague