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129 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
integumentary system includes only one organ?
the skin
the skin weighs ?
20 lbs or 16% total body weight, making it the heaviest organ
the integumentary system consists of ?
skin
accessory organs are:
hair, nails, oil glands, sweat glands, sense receptors, largest sensory organ in body
sense receptors permit the body to respond to?
pain, pressure, touch, texture, vibration, and changes in temp
the integumentary system is crucial to ?
survival
what is the primary function of the integumentary system?
protection
the skin protects underlying tissue against invasion by harmful bacteria
what are other functions of the integumentary system besides protection?
1. skin regulates body temp by sweating
2. synthesizes important chemicals such as vitamin D
3. functions as a sense organ
_____, ______, and _____ are three type of epithelial membranes.
1. cutaneous
2. serous
3.mucous
Epithelial membranes are usually composed of two distinct layers: the epithelial layer and a supportive layer called the ___?
1. basement membrane
The membrane lining the interior of the chest wall is called the ___?
1. parietal pleura
The membrane covering the organs of the abdomen is called the ___?
1. visceral peritoneum
The connective tissue membrane that lines the space between bone and joint capsule is called ___?
1. synovial membrane
The two main layers of the epidermis of the skin are the ___ and the ___?
1. stratum corneum
2. stratum germinativum
As new skin cells approach the surface of the skin, their cytoplasm is replaced by a unique waterproof protein called ___?
1. keratin
the upper region of the dermis forms projections called ___ that form unique fingerprints?
1. dermal papillae
The ___ are the sweat glands found in armpits; they produce a thicker secretion.
1. apocrine glands
The ___ are the sweat glands found all over the body; they produce a transparent, watery liquid.
1. eccrine glands
Sebaceous glands secrete an oil called ___?
1. sebum
____, ____ and ___ are the three functions of the skin.
1. protection
2. sensation
3. temperature regulation
the "rule of nines" is used in the treatment and prognosis of ____.
1. burns
___ are pressure sores caused by reduced blood flow to local areas of the skin.
1. decubitus ulcers
The most common type of skin cancer is ___ carcinoma.
1. squamous cell carcinoma
___ results from a fivefold increase in sebum secretions and usually occurs during adolescence.
1. acne
The receptors in the skin that respond to pain are the?
a. Meissner corpuscles
b. lamellar corpuscles
c. free nerve endings
d. Krause end bulbs
c. free nerve endings
The receptors in the skin that respond to light touch are?
a. Meissner corpuscles
b. lamellar corpuscles
c. free nerve endings
d. Krause end bulbs
a. meissner corpuscles
an autoimmune skin condition?
a. furnicle b. urticaria c. excoriation d. melanoma e. scleroderma f. Kaposi sarcoma
e. scleroderma
Skin cancer that can develop from a mole, serious form of skin cancer?
a. furnicle b. urticaria c. excoriation d. melanoma e. scleroderma f. Kaposi sarcoma
d. melanoma cancer
Another name for hives?

a. furnicle b. urticaria c. excoriation d. melanoma e. scleroderma f. Kaposi sarcoma
b. urticaria
Skin lesion caused by a shallow scratch?

a. furnicle b. urticaria c. excoriation d. melanoma e. scleroderma f. Kaposi sarcoma
c. excoriation
A rare skin cancer that usually develops in immune deficient individuals?
a. furnicle b. urticaria c. excoriation d. melanoma e. scleroderma f. Kaposi sarcoma
f. kaposi sarcoma
which catergory does PLEURA belong to?
a. cutaneous b. serous c. mucous d. synovial
B. SEROUS
which category does LINES JOINT SPACES belong to?
a. cutaneous b. serous c. mucous d. synovial
D. SYNOVIAL
what category does RESPIRATORY TRACT belong to?
a. cutaneous b. serous c. mucous d. synovial
C. MUCOUS
What category does SKIN belong to?
a. cutaneous b. serous c. mucous d. synovial
A. CUTANEOUS
what category does PERITONEUM belong to?
a. cutaneous b. serous c. mucous d. synovial
B. SEROUS
what category does CONTAINS NO EPITHELIUM belong to?
a. cutaneous b. serous c. mucous d. synovial
D. SYNOVIAL
what category does URINARY TRACT belong to?
a. cutaneous b. serous c. mucous d. synovial
C. MUCOUS
what category does LINES BODY SURFACES THAT OPEN DIRECTLY TO THE EXTERIOR belong to?
a. cutaneous b. serous c. mucous d. synovial
C. MUCOUS
what is the OUTER MOST LAYER OF SKIN?
a. integumentary b. epidermis c. dermis d. subcutaneous e. cutaneous membrane
B. EPIDERMIS
what are the DEEPER OF THE TWO LAYERS called?
a. integumentary b. epidermis c. dermis d. subcutaneous e. cutaneous membrane
C. DERMIS
HYPODERMIS?
a. integumentary b. epidermis c. dermis d. subcutaneous e. cutaneous membrane
D. SUBCUTANEOUS
THE SKIN IS THE PRIMARY ORGAN
a. integumentary b. epidermis c. dermis d. subcutaneous e. cutaneous membrane
A. INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
COMPOSED OF DERMIS AND EPIDERMIS
a. integumentary b. epidermis c. dermis d. subcutaneous e. cutaneous membrane
E. CUTANEOUS MEMBRANE
PROTECTIVE PROTEIN
a. keratin b. melanin c. stratum corneum d. dermal papillae e. cyanosis
A. KERATIN
BLUE-GRAY COLOR OF SKIN RESULTING FROM LACK OF OXYGEN
a. keratin b. melanin c. stratum corneum d. dermal papillae e. cyanosis
E. CYANOSIS
ROWS OF PEGLIKE PROJECTION
a. keratin b. melanin c. stratum corneum d. dermal papillae e. cyanosis
D. DERMAL PAPILLAE
BROWN PIGMENT

a. keratin b. melanin c. stratum corneum d. dermal papillae e. cyanosis
B. MELANIN
OUTER LAYER OF EPIDERMIS
a. keratin b. melanin c. stratum corneum d. dermal papillae e. cyanosis
E. STRATUM CORNEUM
TIGHTLY PACKED EPITHELIAL CELLS

a. epidermis b. dermis
A. EPIDERMIS
NERVES

a. epidermis b. dermis
B. DERMIS
FINGERPRINTS

a. epidermis b. dermis
B. DERMIS
BLISTERS

a. epidermis b. dermis
A. EPIDERMIS
KERATIN

a. epidermis b. dermis
A. EPIDERMIS
CONNECTIVE TISSUE

a. epidermis b. dermis
B. DERMIS
FOLLICLE

a. epidermis b. dermis
B. DERMIS
SEBACEOUS GLAND

a. epidermis b. dermis
B. DERMIS
SWEAT GLAND

a. epidermis b. dermis
B. DERMIS
MORE CELLULAR THAN THE OTHER LAYER

a. epidermis b. dermis
A. EPIDERMIS
THE THREE MOST IMPORTANT FUNCTIONS OF THE SKIN ARE?
___, ___ AND ___
1. PROTECTION
2. TEMPERATURE REGULATION
3. SENSE ORGAN ACTIVITY
___ prevents the sun's ultraviolet rays from penetrating the interior of the body
1. MELANIN
the hair on an infant is called ___?
LANUGO
hair growth begins from a small, cap-shaped cluster of cells called the ___?
HAIR PAPILLAE
hair loss of any kind is called ___?
ALOPEICA
the ___ ___ muscle produces "goose pimples"
ARRECTOR PILI
a birthmark that appears as a bruise at birth and grows rapidly into a bright red nodule is called a ___ ___?
STRAWBERRY HEMANGIOMA
the most numerous, important, and widespread sweat glands in the body are the ___ sweat glands.
ECCRINE
the ___ sweat glands are found primarily in the axilla and in the pigmented skin areas around the genitals
APOCRINE
___ has been described as "natures" skin cream
SEBUM
a first degree burn WILL or WILL NOT blister?
WILL NOT
a second degree burn WILL or WILL NOT scar?
WILL
a third degree burn WILL or WILL NOT cause pain immediately
WILL NOT
according to the rule of nines, the body is divided into 9 or 11 areas of 9% each?
ELEVEN (11)
destruction of the subcutaneous layer occurs in SECOND or THIRD degree burns
THIRD DEGREE
any disorder of the skin may be called?
a. dermatitis b. dermatosis c. dermatotomy d. none of the above
B. DERMATOSIS
any measurable variation from the normal structure of a tissue is known as a/an?
a. lesion b. burn c. blister d. erythema
A. LESION
an example of a papule is a ?
a. scratch b. bedsore c. freckle d. wart
D. WART
an example of a skin disorder that may produce fissures is ?
a. acne b. bedsore c. psoriasis d. athletes foot
D. ATHLETE'S FOOT
the skin in the ___ line of defense against microbes that invade the body's internal enviornment.
a. first b. second c. third d. fourth
A. FIRST
Tinea is a fungal infection and may appear as?
a. ringworm b. jock itch c. athletes foot d. all of the above
D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
RINGWORM
JOCK ITCH
ATHLETHE'S FOOT
Furnicles are local staphylococci infections and are also known as?
a. scabies b. warts c. boils d. impetigo
C. BOILS
The most common type of skin cancer is?
a. squamous cell b. basal cell c. melanoma d. kaposi sarcoma
A. SQUAMOUS CELL
INFLAMMATION OF TEH SEROUS MEMBRANE THAT LINES THE CHEST AND COVERS THE LUNGS?
PLUERISY
CUTANEOUS
SKIN
MEMBRANE THAT LINES JOINT SPACES
SYNOVIAL
"GOOSE PIMPLES" (TWO WORDS)
ARRECTOR PILI
CUSIONLIKE SACS FOUND BETWEEN MOVING BODY PARTS
BURSAE
DEEPER OF THE TWO PRIMARY SKIN LAYERS
DERMIS
FORMS THE LINING OF SEROUS BODY CAVITIES
PARIETAL
OIL GLAND
SEBACEOUS
BLUISH GRAY COLOR OF SKIN DUE TO DECREASED OXYGEN
CYANOSIS
TOUGH WATERPROOF SUBSTANCE THAT PROTECTS BODY FROM EXCESS FLUID LOSS
KERATIN
SWEAT GLAND
SUDORIFEROUS
BROWN PIGMENT
MELANIN
COVERS THE SURFACE OF ORGANS FOUND IN SEROUS BODY CAVITIES
VISCERAL
what type of serous membrane that covers organs is found in all body cavities?
a. visceral b. pleural c. parietal d. synovial
A. VISCERAL
which is TRUE about synovial membranes?
a. class-epithelial b. they line joints c. contain a parietal layer d. all are true
B. THEY LINE JOINTS
which of the following statements about hair follicles is true?
a. arrector pili muscles b. sudoriferous glands empty into them c. they arise from the epidermis layer d. all above
A. ARRECTOR PILI MUSCLES
which is true about apocrine glands?
a. class-sudoriferous b. found primarily in armpit/genital c. secrete a thick substance that is odorous d. all is true
D. ALL OF THE ABOVE IS TRUE
which if any is NOT found in the dermis layer?
a. nerves b. melanin c. blood vessels d. all are found in dermis
D. ALL ARE FOUND IN THE DERMIS LAYER
what characterizes second degree burns?
a. blisters b. swelling c. severe pain d. all of the above
D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
blackheads are the blockage of which glands?
a. lacrimal b. sebaceous c. ceruminous d. sudoriferous
B. SEBACEOUS
keratin is found in which layer of the skin?
a. dermis b. epidermis c. subcutaneous d. serous
B. EPIDERMIS
what is the fold of skin that hides the root of a nail called?
a. lunula b. body c. cuticle d. papillae
C. CUTICLE
which of the following is NOT an important function of the skin?
a. sense organ sensitivity b. absorption c. protection d. temp regulation
B. ABSORPTION
MELANIN a. fingerprint b.skin receptor c. brown pigment d. pleura e. synovial membrane f. perspiration g. oil h. follicle i. keratin j. little moon
C. BROWN PIGMENT
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANE
a. fingerprint b.skin receptor c. brown pigment d. pleura e. synovial membrane f. perspiration g. oil h. follicle i. keratin j. little moon
D. PLEURA
PACINI CORPUSCLE
a. fingerprint b.skin receptor c. brown pigment d. pleura e. synovial membrane f. perspiration g. oil h. follicle i. keratin j. little moon
B. SKIN RECEPTOR
SEBACEOUS
a. fingerprint b.skin receptor c. brown pigment d. pleura e. synovial membrane f. perspiration g. oil h. follicle i. keratin j. little moon
G. OIL
WATERPROOFING
a. fingerprint b.skin receptor c. brown pigment d. pleura e. synovial membrane f. perspiration g. oil h. follicle i. keratin j. little moon
I. KERATIN
HAIR
a. fingerprint b.skin receptor c. brown pigment d. pleura e. synovial membrane f. perspiration g. oil h. follicle i. keratin j. little moon
H. FOLLICLE
LUNULA
a. fingerprint b.skin receptor c. brown pigment d. pleura e. synovial membrane f. perspiration g. oil h. follicle i. keratin j. little moon
J. LITTLE MOON
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANE
a. fingerprint b.skin receptor c. brown pigment d. pleura e. synovial membrane f. perspiration g. oil h. follicle i. keratin j. little moon
E. SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE
DERMAL PAPILLAE
a. fingerprint b.skin receptor c. brown pigment d. pleura e. synovial membrane f. perspiration g. oil h. follicle i. keratin j. little moon
A. FINGERPRINT
SUDORIFEROUS
a. fingerprint b.skin receptor c. brown pigment d. pleura e. synovial membrane f. perspiration g. oil h. follicle i. keratin j. little moon
F. PERSPIRATION
WHICH GLANDS SECRETE OIL OR SEBUM FOR HAIR AND SKIN? a. skin b. eccrine c. peritonitis d. mucous e. epidermis f. 4th degree burns g. pleurisy h. sebaceous i. hair follicles j. receptors
H. SEBACEOUS
THE FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE FOR THE BO DY IS THE __? a. skin b. eccrine c. peritonitis d. mucous e. epidermis f. 4th degree burns g. pleurisy h. sebaceous i. hair follicles j. receptors
A. SKIN
WHICH GLANDS WORK THROUGHOUT THE BODY, REGULATING HEAT? a. skin b. eccrine c. peritonitis d. mucous e. epidermis f. 4th degree burns g. pleurisy h. sebaceous i. hair follicles j. receptors
B. ECCRINE SWEAT GLANDS
WHICH BURN EXTENDS BELOW THE SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE TO MUSCLE OR BONE? a. skin b. eccrine c. peritonitis d. mucous e. epidermis f. 4th degree burns g. pleurisy h. sebaceous i. hair follicles j. receptors
F. FOURTH DEGREE BURNS (FOURTH-DEGREE)
HAIR GROWTH REQUIRES EPIDERMAL, TUBELIKE STRUCTURES CALLED ? a. skin b. eccrine c. peritonitis d. mucous e. epidermis f. 4th degree burns g. pleurisy h. sebaceous i. hair follicles j. receptors
I. HAIR FOLLICLES
THE OUTERMOST AND THINNEST PRIMARY LAYER OF SKIN IS __? a. skin b. eccrine c. peritonitis d. mucous e. epidermis f. 4th degree burns g. pleurisy h. sebaceous i. hair follicles j. receptors
E. EPIDERMIS
a condition of inflammed serous membranes, lining the chest cavity & lungs is? a. skin b. eccrine c. peritonitis d. mucous e. epidermis f. 4th degree burns g. pleurisy h. sebaceous i. hair follicles j. receptors
G. PLEURISY
membrane that lines the body surfaces that open directly to the exterior of the body and produces mucus? a. skin b. eccrine c. peritonitis d. mucous e. epidermis f. 4th degree burns g. pleurisy h. sebaceous i. hair follicles j. receptors
D. MUCOUS
specialized nerve endings that make it possible for skin to act as a sense organ are called__? a. skin b. eccrine c. peritonitis d. mucous e. epidermis f. 4th degree burns g. pleurisy h. sebaceous i. hair follicles j. receptors
J. RECEPTORS
an inflammation of the serous membranes lining the abdominal cavity and abdominal organs is called? a. skin b. eccrine c. peritonitis d. mucous e. epidermis f. 4th degree burns g. pleurisy h. sebaceous i. hair follicles j. receptors
C. PERITONITIS
THE PART OF THE HAIR HIDDEN IN THE FOLLICLE
a. hair follicle b. hair papilla c. hair root d. hair shaft
a. HAIR ROOT
THE GROWTH OF THE EPIDERMAL CELLS INTO THE DERMIS FORMING A SMALL TUBE a. hair follicle b. hair papilla c. hair root d. hair shaft
B. HAIR FOLLICLE
THE PART OF THE HAIR THAT IS VISIBLE
a. hair follicle b. hair papilla c. hair root d. hair shaft
C. HAIR SHAFT
A CUPLIKE CLUSTER OF CELLS WHERE HAIR GROWTH BEGINS
a. hair follicle b. hair papilla c. hair root d. hair shaft
D. HAIR PAPILLA
ANOTHER NAME FOR SKIN BOIL
a. furuncle b. urticaria c. excoriation d. melanoma e. scleroderma f. kaposi sarcoma
A. FURUNCLE