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99 Cards in this Set

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Timeframe of the Chicano generation
1960s to late 1970s

John F. Kennedy

Percent of Chicano generation with <8 yrs of school
49%

Between 20 and 50 percent

Percent of Texan Chicanos with <5 yrs of school
40%

Between 20 and 50 percent

Average yearly income for Chicano farmworker
$820

Less than $1000

Average income for Chicano farmworker compared to national average
33% below the national average

Between 20 and 50 percent

Average income for Chicano in Texas compared to national average
56.6% below the national average

Between 40 and 70 percent

Cesar Chavez's background
migrant worker

Common Chicano profession

National Farmworker's Association founder
Cesar Chavez

Same person who lead the Delano Grape Strikes

Date of the National Farmworker's Association founding
1962

1960s

Leader of the Delano Grape Strikes
Cesar Chavez

Same person who founded the National Farmworker's Association

Date of the Delano Grape Strikes
1965

1960s

Founder of the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee
Cesar Chavez

Same person who founded the National Farmworker's Association

Cesar Chavez's tactics
nonviolent protests: pickets, boycotting, marching, fasting

Think MLK

First Chicano to achieve national recognition
Cesar Chavez

Founder of the National Farmworker's Association

Cesar Chavez drew attention to this cause/group
Chicano farm workers

What groups did he found?

Which Chicano Generation individual drew the most attention to Chicano farm workers?
Cesar Chavez

Founder of the National Farmworker's Association and the United Farmworker's Organizing Committee

Nickname of Reies Lopez Tijerina
"El Tigre"

Fearsome beast

Reies Lopez Tijerina's background
migrant worker

Common Chicano profession

Reies Lopez Tijerina researched this in Mexico in 1951
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and land grants

Has to do with property

Reies Lopez Tijerina researched the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo when and where?
Mexico, 1951

1950s

Founder of the the Alianza Federal de Mercedes
Reies Lopez Tijerina

'Mercedes' means 'land grants.'

Date of founding of the Alianza Federal de Mercedes
1963

1960s

Premise of the Alianza Federal de Mercedes
non-observance of land guarantees

'Mercedes' means 'land grants.'

What was the Republic of San Juan del Rio de Chama?
a separate country which Reies Lopez Tijerina tried to found

It didn't last very long.

Location of the Republic of San Juan del Rio de Chama
Carson National Forest

Part of a separate republic

Date of founding of the Republic of San Juan del Rio de Chama
1966

1960s

Reies Lopez Tijerina drew attention to this cause/group
Land grants and property guarantees

What groups did he found?

Which Chicano Generation individual drew the most attention to land grants and property guarantees?
Reies Lopez Tijerina

Founder of the Alianza Federal de Mercedes

Which Chicano generation activist was the most militant?
Reies Lopez Tijerina

Nicknamed "El Tigre"

Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales's background
migrant worker and professional boxer

Common Chicano profession with a twist!

"War on Poverty"
youth program founded by Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales

Denver

Youth program was founded by Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales
"War On Poverty"

Denver

Date and location of founding of "War on Poverty"
Denver, 1965

Not Texas or California, 1960s

Creator of "War on Poverty"
Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales

He also created the "Crusade for Justice"

"Crusade for Justice"
social program created by Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales to promote Chicano pride + self-determination

social program

Purpose of "Crusade for Justice"
promote Chicano pride + self-determination
"Yo Soy Joaquin" author
Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales

Founder of "War on Poverty" & "Crusade for Justice"

Famous poem by Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales
"Yo Soy Joaquin"

Became an informal anthem for the Chicano Movement

Year of the 1st annual Chicano Youth Conference
1969

1960s

Creator of the annual Chicano Youth Conference
Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales

Also created the "War on Poverty" program

Who came up with "El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán?"
Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales

Also created the "Crusade for Justice" program

Background of José Ángel Gutiérrez
rural Texas

Location

MAYO founder
José Ángel Gutiérrez

Also founded the Raza Unida party

Year of MAYO's founding
1967

1960s

Youth organization founded by José Ángel Gutiérrez
MAYO

Condiment

National political organization founded by José Ángel Gutiérrez
The Raza Unida Party

Also called the National United Peoples Party

Raza Unida Party founder
José Ángel Gutiérrez

Also founded MAYO

Year of the Raza Unida Party's founding
1970

1970s

Became judge of Zavala County in 1974
José Ángel Gutiérrez

Founder of the Raza Unida Party

Who was José Antonio Villarreal?
Californian author and immigrant

"Pocho" author

José Antonio Villarreal's best known work
"Pocho"

First Chicano novel to gain national acclaim

"Pocho" publication year
1969

1960s

"Pocho" author
José Antonio Villarreal

Californian author

"Pocho" significance
First major Chicano novel
Who was Ernesto Galarza?
Chicano author
Ernesto Galarza's best known work
"Barrio Boy"

Autobiographical tale of a Mexican American immigrant and his family

"Barrio Boy" publication year
1971

1970s

"Barrio Boy" subject
Autobiographical tale of a Mexican American immigrant and his family
"Barrio Boy" author
Ernesto Galarza

It's not Enrique de la Garza.

Who was Tomás Rivera?
Chicano author
Tomás Rivera's best known work
"Y no se trago la tierra"

On the plight of migrant farm workers

"Y no se traga la tierra" publication year
1970

1970s

"Y no se traga la tierra" subject
The plight of migrant farm workers
"Y no se traga la tierra" author
Tomás Rivera
Who was Rolando Hinojosa-Smith?
Chicano author
Rolando Hinojosa-Smith's best known work
"Estampas del valle y otras obras"

RGV

"Estampas del valle y otras obras" author
Rolando Hinojosa-Smith
"Estampas del valle y otras obras" publication year
1973

1970s

"Estampas del valle y otras obras" subject
Rio Grande Valley

It's in the title, sort of

Who is Sandra Cisneros?
Chicano author
Sandra Cisneros's best known work
"The Woman of Hollering Creek"

Collection of short stories about the Chicana experience

"The Woman of Hollering Creek" author
Sandra Cisneros
"The Woman of Hollering Creek" subject
Collection of short stories about the Chicana experience


Who is Luis Valdez?
Chicano actor + film director

El Teatro Campesino, "La Bamba," "Zoot Suit" ...

Theater troupe founded by Luis Valdez
El Teatro Campesino
El Teatro Campesino founder
Luis Valdez

Wrote "La Bamba" + "Zoot Suit"

Luis Valdez's two best-known works
"Zoot Suit" + "La Bamba"
"Zoot Suit" playwright
Luis Valdez

Founder of El Teatro Campesino

"La Bamba" playwright
Luis Valdez

Founder of El Teatro Campesino

Who was Moctezuma Esparza?
Chicano filmmaker

"The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez"

"The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez" creator
Moctezuma Esparza
Who was Gregory Nava?
Chicano filmmaker

"El Norte" + "Selena" + "Mi Familia"

Gregory Nava's 3 best known works
"El Norte" + "Selena" + "Mi Familia"
"El Norte" creator
Gregory Nava
"Selena" (film) creator
Gregory Nava
"Mi Familia" (film) creator
Gregory Nava
"El Norte" subject
the difficulties faced by Latin American immigrants
Who was Richard "Cheech" Marin?
Chicano filmmaker

"Born in East L.A."

Richard "Cheech" Marin's best known work
"Born in East L.A."
"Born in East L.A." creator
Richard "Cheech" Marin
Who was Alberto Urista Heredia?
Chicano poet

aka Alurista

What was Alberto Urista Heredia's nom de plume?
Alurista
Who was Alurista?
Chicano poet - real name Alberto Urista Heredia

"Must be the Season of the Witch", "When Raza?"

Alurista's 2 best known works
"Must be the Season of the Witch" + "When Raza?"
"Must be the Season of the Witch" poet
Alberto Urista Heredia/Alurista
"When Raza?" poet
Alberto Urista Heredia/Alurista
Who was Luis Jimenez?
Chicano muralist and sculptor
Who was Porfirio Salinas, and what was he known for?
Chicano painter known for Texas landscapes
Who is Carmen Lomas Garza, and what is she known for?
Chicano artist and illustrator known for her portrayals of South Texas family traditions