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104 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Role of the Shaman
Story teller
Often played many roles
Like method acting
Soetimes drugs are involved
Joseph Campbell
"Follow your bliss"

Created the Trickster character
3 Types of Ritual
Pleasure (food,shelter, sex)
Power (concue anad consume)
Duty (to God or to Tribe)
What makes rituals unique?
The Language is proformative: It doesn't sound like regular speak
5 Functions of ritual?
To convie knowledge
Didactic:Greek for "to teach"
To influence or control events
To Glorify
To entertain and give pleasure
508 B.C.E
Democracy Formed in Greece
Theatre is born
534 B.C.E
First Play is performed
Wrote the first playwright
He played all the roles, choreographed it, and wrote the music
Platform boot worn by the actor
The taller the boot the more important the actor
Cult of dionysus
Greek God of fertility, wine, and pleasure
Aristotle's word for an imitation of an action
Function of representation
Nature mimics itself (reproduces) so humans must mimic each other for a purpose
The tragic or fatal flaw
Undue Pride (excessive Pride)
Ex: Dick Nixon
A recognition
Found in complex plays
A change of fortune play
Found in simple plays
Why do humans make art?
Aristotle's question
Because we need to mimic each other and reproduce actions
writer = teacher
Plato versus Aristotle
Plato: All humans see something diff. when they look at something so how can anything be real
Aristotle: We must mimic and recreate each others actions
Greek word for theatre, meaning the seeing place
Parts of the Greek Stage
The Skene
The Orchestra
The eccyclema
The parados
Deus en machina
Triangle shaped thing used to set scenes.
the Dancing place
Nobility Sat next to the Orchestra
Wheeling machine (like a crain)
Isle exits
To change, to purge, to clearify
Aristotelian 6 elements of Drama
1. plot (mythos)
2. Character
3. Thought: ideas w/in context of ideas of character
4. diction (language)
5. music
6. spectacle (Dance)
The Unities
1. Place (single)
2. time (24 hrs)
3. action (no digression)
Simple VS Complex Theatre
Aristotle's two types of drama:
Simple: Peripeteia-a change of fortune play
Complex:also has a peripeteia but also a anagnorisis-recognition
Plato's Cave
See image
Point of Attack
A common device of Greek plays
Where the story begins
Dues ex machina
God in the machine (man at the top of the eccyclema in costume playing a God
Theatrical conventions
A system of techniques whose meaning is agreed upon by audiences
No 4th Wall (playing to the audience)
Playing for the audience
More Realistic
"Wiling suspension of Disbelief"
By Coleridge in 1817
Quid Pro Quo: This for That
Audience acts entertained while the actors act like there is no audience there
27 B.C.E
Roman Drama spreads throughout Europe
Roman word for Theatre meaning "the hearing place"
Pagan goddess of Love, beauty, and prostitution
Audiences (diff. in periods)
Greek: women could not attend
Roman: women and poor sat at the top, all pagan
Medieval: People moved out of cities to farm, Pegan fesitvals converted to Christian
Slaves that are offered up by their owner to fight
Gladiatrix: Women who fought outside the arena to unusual enemies
Edict of Milan
Legalization of Christianity
313 AD
Theatre Offends church officials
Made the Edict of Milan
Naval Battles
Wild Beast fighters
Circus Maximus
60,000 -- 100,000 seats
Chariot Races
Circus Games
Medieval Drama
Christian Era Begins
The Holly Roman empire begins
Early Period/Middle/late
Early: 476-1000AD
Classical Period of Greek and Roman theatre
Dark Ages -- Christianities failure to embrace humanism
Middle: 900-1350 AD
Theatre kicked out of churches and taken to the streets
Late:1350-1575 AD
Comic vernacular plays done by non-clergy
Most famous Morality play
Everyman is summond to death and no one will go with him because he never gave anything to anyone he only took
Cycle Plays
Separate biblical stories that are all interconnected
Feast of fools
Retained during the Medieval times
Festival of the lowely people
Stages or little theatres
Mystery of the Passion
Stations of the Cross
Pope Innocent III
Most powerful pope in history
Issued the Papal Edicts
Papal Edicts
in 1210 AD
Forbid Clergy from appearing on stage
Stages that were portible
Craft Guilds
Like Modern Day Unions
Second Shepad's Play
Comedy of people who steel a sheep then desguis it as a boy to hide it from his owners and are caught trying to do so
Town in Germany where a vey famous passion play is performed
Elements of Comdey
Low Humor
Domestic Themes
Functions and methods of Comedy
Ecstasis: "take you out of yourself", reduce tension, maintenance of social order
Methods: Obscene songs, strange costumes, horse play, chaotic movements
Motifs of Comedy
Secual misconduct
Freud on Comedy
Freud Believes comedy is a relief, meaning:
Humor is rebellious
A weapon of defense
Connects the Audience and Performer
Relieves stress and Tenssion
Fourth Wall
a pretend wall between the actors an the audience that aids in the realism of the performance
Lorraine Hansberry
First black playwrighter
Inspiration To Wilson
Langston Hughes
Inspiration to Wilson (the writer of Fences)
Amiri Baraka
Inspiration to Wilson
Real name Leroi Jones
Wrote "the Dutchman"
Arthur Miller
Playwright for "Death of a salesman"
Functions of Comedy (3 Theories)
Superiority (Plato/Aristotle): We laugh at the misfortunes of others to make us feel better about ourselves
Incongruity (Kant): the discovery of something illogical or nonsensical
Relief (Freud): humor is rebellion and a weapon of defense towards stress/tenssion
Father of Comedy
Methods of Comedy
Oscene Songs
Strange Costumes
Chaotic Movements
Objective versus Subjective
Subjective: Opinion, Judgment
Science Reassurting itself
The power behind the Renaissance
Supports arts in education
Supports Free will vs Determinism by God
The age of discovery
Invention of the Carrack(ship)
Columbus Sailed the ocean blue in 1492
Expaton f taste for tales of adventure
Father of Humanism
Model of the solar system where everything revolves around the earth
Created by Ptolemy's
Queen Elizabeth
Ruled from 1564-1616
She Bans Religious Subjects in Theatre
First Royal Patent
Need a patent to be a real legit theatre
Had to follow her rules when you got one
This created a need for new plays
Inn Yards
Middle of an apartment complex where entertainment occured
William Shakespearse life time
The Globe
Theatre built for lord chamberlain's men
Lord Chamberlain's Men
shakespeares actors
Actor/Producer that built the Globe
The Pit
Standing room for poor people right in front of the stage
Poor people who stood in the pit
the heavens
Where the roof comes over the stage usually painted like the heavens
The part of the stage infront of the closed curtain
Type of stage that looks like a peninsula into the crowd
Characteristic of Elizabethan plays
Late point of attack
Several Lines of action (subplots)
Large # and variety of incidents (mixing of tears and laughter)
time and space used freely
Large range and # of characters (rich and poor)
Varied Language (elegant, witty, prosaic)
Advertisment of what play was being performed
Boy's Companies
Groups of boys sold by their families to the theatre to be used as women in plays
Dumb Show
A brief summary of the plays plot that is acted out
Dramatic Irony-Examples form Hamlet
Information known by the audience but not the characters on stage
Hamlet doesn't know everyone is ploting to kill him but the audience does
Raising questions and expecting the audience to come to their own conclusions
Italian for joke
A musical piece of something larger like a symphony
Double Casting
splittig the performance of one character amoungs two actors
Comedy Functions
Ecstasis: "Take you out of yourself"
Synthetic Fragment
Mullers attempt to destroy worship of play text
Play written by astrophanes
Plato versus Campbell
Plato: we laugh at others misfortunes
Campbell: Humor is a trickster character that represents chaos, disorder, and the breaking of rules
Baffoon: Mocks audience's primary impulss
Satyr: Lower realm humor about Gods
Lower Realm