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124 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
observing
communicating
comparing
organizing
Science Thinking skills
Uses your senses
talking, drawing, acting
pairing and one to one
grouping seriating, sequencing
relating
inferring
applying
Science Thinking skills
cause/effect classification
super-ordinate/subordinate classification, if/ then reasoning
developing strategy plans and inventing
Inquiry based learning
mainly involving the learner and leading him to understand. possessing skills and attitude of your, which allows you to ask questions about new resolutions and issues while you are gaining new information.
classifying
Inquiry strategies 1
arranging or distributing objects, events, or info representing objects or events in classes according to some method or system
communicating
Inquiry strategies 1
giving oral and written explanations or graphic representations of observations
comparing and contrasting
Inquiry strategies 1
identifying similarities and differences between or among objects, events, data, systems, etc.
Creating models
Inquiry strategies 2
displaying info, using multisensory representation
gathering and organizing data
Inquiry strategies 2
collecting info about objects and events which illustrate a specific situation.
Generalizing
Inquiry strategies 2
drawing general conclusions from particulars
identifying variables
Inquiry strategies 2
recognizing the characteristics of objects or factors in events that are constant change under different conditions
inferring
Inquiry strategies 3
drawing a conclusion based on prior experiences
interpreting data
Inquiry strategies 3

analyzing data that have been obtained and organized by determining apparent patterns or relationships in the data
making decisions
Inquiry strategies 3
identifying alternatives and choosing a course of action from among the alternatives after basing the judgment for the selection on justifiable reasons
manipulating materials
Inquiry strategies 3
handling or treating materials and equipment safely, skillfully, and effectively
measuring
Inquiry strategies 4

making quantitative observations by comparing to a conventional or nonconventional standard
observing
Inquiry strategies 4
becoming aware of an object or event by using any of the senses (or extensions of the senses) to identify properties
predicting
Inquiry strategies 4
making a forecast of future events or conditions expected to exist
engages
exploration
explanation
elaboration
evaluationg
5E model of inquiry based teaching
engage

exploration
5E model of inquiry based teaching
get the students excited

hands on activities, assimilating information through their sense
-explanation

-elaboration
-evaluation
5E model of inquiry based teaching
-students explain their understanding of concepts and processes

-activities allow students to apply concepts in contexts, and build on or extend understanding and skill
independent variable
variables in a scientific experiment

variable that is changed or manipulated
dependent variable
variables in a scientific experiment

the variable that changes because of the manipulation
control variable
variables in a scientific experiment

the variable held constant during the experiment
renewable
types of resources

one that can be replenished continually
nonrenewable

fossil fuels: coal, natural gas, petroleum
-nuclear energy (uranium)
types of resources

one that can not be replenished in a short period of time

examples
inexhaustible

biomass, geothermal, water, wind, solar
types of resources

one that will never be depleted by humans
systems in science
is a collection of structures, cycles, and processes that form a whole.
structure
systems in science

parts that belong together and make a pattern, such as mountains, streams, trees, waterfalls, dams, wells, bridges
cycle
systems in science

constantly moving substances, existing in different forms and used by organisms at different times,

i.e. atmospheric, water, rock
process
systems in science

sequence of change
traditional assessment
paper and pencil
-true false
-multiple choice
-essays
-open-ended answers
-discussion questions
authentic assessment
*scientific experiment
-question or problem
-hypothesis
-design an experiment
-identify the independent, Dependent and Control variables
-put the results in a data format
-write a conclusion/summary
formative assessment
*teachers questioning
*experience charts
*lab journal-scientist's notebook
*concept maps
*observation checklists
*student conferences
summative assessment
*multimedia presentations
*student projects and model building
*science portfolios
*concept maps
*rubrics
*science project
investigative
types of science projects

in this type of project you ask a question, construct a hypothesis, test your hypothesis using an experiment and draw conclusions from your experiment
laboratory demonstration
types of science projects

In this type of project you repeat an experiment and retest the hypothesis. these experiments can be found in books, on the net or your science classroom.
research and poster
types of science projects

in this type of project you do extensive research on a topic, write a research paper and do a visual of the main points of what you found in your research. Many times backboards are used to do the visual part of this project
Hobby or Collections
types of science projects

in this type of project you display a collection of objects or interesting artifacts so that the viewer gets a sense of knowledge about your topic. It involves library research but generally no hypothesis is formulated or tested. examples: rock collections, Egyptian mummies
model building
types of science projects

in this type of project you build a scaled model to illustrate a scientific principle. examples: shadow boxes of land formations, a model of a solar system.
pulley
simple machines

is a simple machine that uses a grooved wheel and a rope to raise, lower or move a load.
lever
simple machines

is a stiff bar that rests on a support called a fulcrum which lifts or moves loads
wedge
simple machines

is an object with at least one slanting side ending in a sharp edge, which cuts material apart.
Wheel and Axle
simple machines

a wheel with a rod (called an axle) through its center lifts or moves loads
inclined plane
simple machines

is a slanting surface connecting a lower level to a higher level, like a ramp.
screw
simple machines

is an inclined plane wrapped around a pole which holds things together or lifts materials
solid
phases of matter

has a definite shaped and volume
liquid
phases of matter

has a definite volume, but can change shape
gas
phases of matter

the shape and volume of a gas can change
temperature
Physical properties of matter

measurement of kinetic energy
magnetism
Physical properties of matter

repulsion/attraction
hardness
Physical properties of matter

strength
conduction
Physical properties of matter

heat transfer potential
mass
Physical properties of matter

amount of matter
volume
Physical properties of matter

amount of space
density
Physical properties of matter

how much mass in a certain volume
weight
Physical properties of matter

gravitational force
melting
physical changes in matter

melting occurs when a substance changes from a solid to a liquid
boiling
physical changes in matter

boiling is when a substance changes from a liquid to a gas
condensing
physical changes in matter

is when a gas changes to a liquid
freezing
physical changes in matter

is when a liquid changes to a solid
combustion
chemical properties of matter

ability to burn
*reaction to acid

oxidation
*chemical properties of matter

(rust) process of losing an electron
reduction
chemical properties of matter

(tarnish) process of gaining an electron
matter/energy

Matter
everything in the universe is made up of essentially ____ and ____.

___ is made up of particles called atoms and molecules
Atoms
Matter

are particles of elements-substances that cannot be broken down further. There are currently 109 known elements
Molecules/molecule
Matter

___ are single units of compounds. Each ___ of water consists of 2 hydrogen atoms chemically combined with 1 oxygen atom.
energy

light, heat, electrical energy, mechanical energy, such as movement
is the ability to cause a change or do work.

What are the some form of energies:
potential and kinetic
What are the two main forms of energy?
potential energy
is energy that is stored
kinetic energy
energy is energy in use
mechanical
types of energy

energy in motion
chemical
types of energy

energy in atoms/molecules
electrical
types of energy

energy stored in electrons
nuclear
types of energy

energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
radiant
types of energy

electromagnetic energy that moves in waves like light or solar
Sound
types of energy

movement of energy through objects causing vibration
heat or thermal
types of energy

the internal energy of substances caused by the vibration and movement of atoms and molecules
energy transformation
is the process of changing energy from one form to another. Its an important concept in the application of the physical sciences. It automates, lights, entertains, and warms the world.
chemical/mechanical

chemical/thermal
When people consume food, the body utilizes the ___ energy in the in the bonds of the food and transforms it into _____energy, a new form of ___ energy, or ____ energy.
Created/destroyed/transformed
Energy can not be ____, it can not be _____ it can only be _____.
asexual reproduction
A form of reproduction that does not involve meiosis, ploidy reduction or fertilization, and the offspring is a clone of the parent organism;because of no exchange of genetic material.
chromosomes
any of several threadlike bodies, consisting of chromatin, that carry the genes in a linear order: the human species has 23 pairs, designated 1 to 22 in order of decreasing size and X and Y for the female and male sex chromosomes respectively.
dominant
predominant; main; major; chief: Corn is the dominant crop of Iowa.

Genetics. of or pertaining to a dominant.
recessive
that one of a pair of alternative alleles whose effect is masked by the activity of the second when both are present in the same cell or organism.
producers
consumers
predator
prey
scavengers
Decomposers
bacteria/fungi
Parts of the ecosystem
plant, energy, sun
eat producers or the consumers
food seekers
food
eat half dead or dead animals
eat anything
are organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms
importatnt and primary decomposers
temperate deciduous forest
taiga coniferous forest
chaparral
grassland
savanna
desert
tundra
Biomes of the world Rain forest
looses leaf
does not loose leaves
no trees, flat land
grass and trees
grass and no trees
sandy
ice
3,959
25,000
crust
mantle
inner
outer
Earth
Radius: _____miles
*Circumference: ____ miles
*divided into 3 parts
___ (3-40 miles thick) mostly soil, metal, and rocks
___(thickest layer) made mostly of molten rocks and metals called magma (lava)
*Core
___ solid iron and nickel
___ mostly liquid iron and nickel
348
78%/21%
sun
water
electric/magnetic
vacuum
the earth atmosphere
___ miles thick
*mostly gas-___ nitrogen, __ oxygen
*absorbs energy from the __ to sustain life
*recycling ___ and other chemicals
*maintains the climate, working with ___ and ___ forces.
*serves as a ____ that protects life
troposphere
stratosphere
mesosphere
thermosphere
exosphere
Layers of the Atnosphere

weather
jets fly
where meteors enter
space shuttle orbits
transition to space
minerals
*are the most common form of solid material found in the Earth's crust.
*must be found in nature and must never have been a part of any living organism.
diamonds, emeralds, and other gemstones
-gold and silver
gypsum-use to make dry wall
talc (softest mineral) used to make powder
Give me the names of some common minerals
Types of rocks (rocks are made by one or more minerals they are also classified by how they form)

igneous
crystalline solids formed directly from the cooling of magma or lava (granite)
types of rocks

sedimentary
secondary rocks made when pieces of preexisting rocks are fused together (limestone, sandstone, shale, and coal)
Types of rocks

metamorphic
formed by high pressure and temperature (marble, slate)
igneous rocks
Rock Cycle
Rocks can be formed when magma or lava cools down creating _______.
igneous rocks
sedimentary rocks
________ exposed to weathering can be broken into sediment and compacted and cemented in _________.
sedimentary/metamorphic
____ rocks are exposed to heat and pressure to create _____.
metamorphic
rocks can melt and become magma and lava again.
Storage
Water Cycle

Water is stored in oceans, lakes and rivers
Evaporation
Water Cycle

the heat of the sun evaporates the water and takes it to the atmosphere
condensation
Water Cycle

water vapor turned into water molecules
precipitation
Water Cycle

water molecules in the atmosphere are cooled (condense) and become water droplets
Runoff
Water Cycle

Water is filtered back into underground deposits called aquifers
Carbon Cycle

Carbon (from carbon dioxide in the atmosphere)
captured by plants to make glucose

Glucose is digested then by respiration, is it broken apart into carbon dioxide and returned back to the atmosphere.
Nitrogen Cycle
____ is a major component of DNA, RNA and amino acids (used to make protein) its exhaled by organisms.

Lighting can cause ___ to combine with oxygen.
Also certain bacteria combine ___ with oxygen which is absorbed by roots.

The plants die and ____ is released into the atmosphere.
wind

warmer to colder
is caused by air masses that have different amounts of heat (temperature) such as a warm air mass moving in on a cold air mass

Air pressure is related to:
-Amount of water in an air mass
-temperature
*warm air has higher pressure
*Energy moves from ___ to ___.
Humidity

dew/dew
is a measure of the percentage of water that is in the air.
____ is the temperature at which the air need to be for the water to condense out of the air in liquid form as precipitation (__)
Anemometer
Instruments

wind speed
weather Vane
Instruments


wind direction
barometer
Instruments


air pressure
rain gauges
Instruments


precipitation
thermometers
Instruments


temperature
psychrometer
Instruments


relative humidity
Blue/red
Predicting Weather: Warm and Cold Fronts

___ lines are cold fronts and ___ lines are warm fronts.
blue H/red L
Predicting Weather: High and low Pressure Systems

A ____ means a center of high pressure (usually calm, sunny weather).

A ____ means low pressure (which can mean storminess). Most fronts extend from low-pressure centers
Galaxies
galaxies
Earth
Objects in the Sky

____ are large collections of stars, hydrogen, dust particles, and other gases.
The universe is made of countless ___.
___ belongs to the galaxy called the Milky Way.
Stars
helium
solar radiation
Objects in the sky

___ like the sun are composed of large masses of hydrogen pulled together by gravity.

The hydrogen creates fusion inside the star, turning hydrogen into ____.

The liberation of energy created by this process causes _________ which make the sun glow with visible light as well as other forms of radiation not visible to the human eye.
Rotation
and Revolution
Earth - Sun - Moon system

What is the Earth's two movements?
Rotation
spinning on its axis
revolution
orbiting around the sun
New Moon
Crescent Moon
Half Moon
Gibbous Moon
Full Moon
Give me the phases of the moon.
Satellites
are moons orbiting the planets
asteroids

Asteriod Belt
are small dense objects or rocks orbiting the sun.

the ______ is located between Mars and Jupiter.
meteorites

comets
are fragments of rock from space that burn up/vaporize upon entering the atmosphere due to friction.


are small icy objects traveling in an elongated elliptical orbit around the sun