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86 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
renunciation of worldly pleasures it is possible to achieve a high spiritual or intellectual state.
Non-violence - derived from the concept that all things have a soul and should not be harmed.
Liberation or true knowledge.
Indian sage who was one of the major propagators of Jainism. According to Jain tradition, he was the 24th and the last Tirthankara (a human being who helps in achieving liberation and enlightenment as an "Arihant")
Consciousness, the immortal essence of a being, a living organism which survives physical death. Comes from the Sankrit word "to breath".
Material things, the anything in the non-spiritual realm.The opposite of Jiva, it has not life and cannot accumulate Karma and cannot die.
Non-Vedic movement parallel to Vedic Hinduism in ancient India. responsible for the related concepts of saṃsāra (the cycle of birth and death) and moksha (liberation from that cycle)
Great Buddhist king who ruled the Indian subcontinent ca. 272-236 BCE. Responsible for the spread of Buddhism throughout the region.
begging or relying on charitable donations, and is most widely used for religious followers or ascetics who rely exclusively on charity to survive. The original types of monks for Buddhism.
It is a term for enlightenment.
Five aggregates
"form" or "matter" - external and internal matter. Externally, rupa is the physical world. Internally, rupa includes the material body and the physical sense organs.

"sensation" or "feeling" - sensing an object as either pleasant or unpleasant or neutral."perception", "conception", "apperception", "cognition", or "discrimination - registers whether an object is recognized or not (for instance, the sound of a bell or the shape of a tree).

"mental formations", "impulses", "volition", or "compositional factors" - all types of mental habits, thoughts, ideas, opinions, prejudices, compulsions, and decisions triggered by an object.
Buddhist monk
Buddhist nun
the monastic community of ordained Buddhist monks or nuns.
is a mound-like structure containing Buddhist relics, typically the ashes of deceased, used by Buddhists as a place of meditation
the regulatory framework for the Buddhist monastic community, or sangha, based on the canonical texts called Vinaya Pitaka.
Buddhist texts which contain detailed scholastic and scientific reworkings of doctrinal material appearing in the Buddhist Sutras, according to schematic classifications.
Early school of Buddhism incorporating new thinking on the transcendental Buddha. Source of the Mahayana doctrines
A perfected saint who has reached nirvana and will be released from samsara at death.
Being on its way to enlightenment. The religious ideals for Mahayana
is a Buddhist term that is translated into English as emptiness
means Buddha-nature. Associated concerned with what sentient beings become Buddhas.
Dependent co-rising
states that phenomena arise together in a mutually interdependent web of cause and effect
is Buddhist day of observance. The Buddha taught that the Uposatha day is for "the cleansing of the defiled mind," resulting in inner calm and joy
is a holy day observed traditionally by Buddhists "Buddha's Birthday", it actually encompasses the birth, enlightenment and death
Leader and guide for Sikhs, through whom Gods word is channeled, there are 10 gurus, and God and the Adi Granith are also considered to be gurus.
Adi Granth
(or Granith Sahib) The 'original collection', sacred scripture of the Sikhs. See below.
Granth Sahib
is the living Guru of Sikhism.
mystic poet and sant of India, whose writings have greatly influenced the Bhakti movement
Gateway to the Guru, is the place of worship for Sikhs, the followers of Sikhism.
Golden Temple
prominent Sikh Gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India. built by the fifth Sikh guru, Guru Arjan Dev, in the 16th Century.
Five Beloved Ones
The Panj Piare literally the five beloved ones
Five K’s
Five Articles of Faith that Khalsa Sikhs wear at all times as commanded by the tenth Sikh Guru. Kesh, Kanga, Kara, Kachera, Kirpan
uncut hair
a wooden comb
a metal bracelet
a specific style of cotton undergarments
a strapped curved dagger
common title, middle name, or surname used originally by the Hindu Kshatriyas (warriors and kings).

It is derived from the Sanskrit word Sinha meaning Lion.
Sikhism (meaning: "Princess" or "Lioness") is a mandatory last name for female Sikhs. However, it is often used as a middle name.
Sikhism focused on the teachings of its founder, Sri Chand (1494-1643), son of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder and the first Guru of Sikhism.
person who has chosen the path of Sikhism, believes in all the tenets of Sikhism and the teachings of the Sikh Gurus, but may or may not adorn the five symbols of the Sikh faith.
Karah Prasad
Type of semolina halva made with equal portions of whole wheat flour, butter, and sugar. It is regarded as food blessed by the guru and should not be refused.
For the Sikh community this festival commemorates the establishment of the Khalsa.
Jain initiation ceremony where the great vows are taken by new monks and nuns
Last cycle of Jinas
Souls in Jainism
Inanimate objects have a soul and some have more have one
Jainism source of suffering
the Soul is trapped in matter
Ajiva. Jains believe that Karma is this
Jain Path
On relies on one's self by worshiping the Jinas can elevate on the ladder
Digambara Jains
believes in non possession of all worldly goods including clothes. Women are not allowed to enter monastic life.
Nature of Universe
Jain - It goes through progressive and regressive cycles of time
Jainism - consciousness
Jains seek enlightenment
During the middle portion of cycle of the universe
Jainism : Acesticism and ahimsa
Burn off karma and prevent new one
Buddha's name
Siddhartha Gautama
3 knowledges from the Bodhi tree
Buddhism - knowledge of karma, other's karma, and the end of rebirth
an end to suffering, achievable in this lifetime, with and without support, enlighenment
Third noble truth
There is an end to suffering
Theraveda tradition
Believes we must work out our own liberation. Believes that buddha is the perfected man.
3 categories of eight noble path
morality, meditation, wisdom
One takes refuge in:
Buddha, Dharma, Sangha
Buddha believes to have been born here
Pali Canon
Compilation of Buddha's teachings
Four noble truths
Summary of Buddha's insight
Three baskets where the parts of the Buddha were kept
Buddhist tradition associated with mandalas, rituals, and visualizations
Madhyamaka school
Doctrine of emptiness
Yogacara school
Key doctrine: storehouse condition
Traditional burial mound for kings in South Asia, Siddhartha Gautama, made of rocks and dirt.
Sikh holy place
area in India where Amritsar is located
Guru Nanak
had transformative experience that led to him establishing the Sikh tradition, was given a mission and nectar by God, thought God's path was not Hindu or Muslim
free kitchen
Established as a community of warriors to defend the tradition under Gobind singh
Soul - Sikhim
Capable of union with God
Relic container
Wandering philosopher
Dependent co-arising
Explanation of origins of suffering
Celebration of the Buddha's birth, enlightenment, death
Celebration of the founding of Khalsa
Sati nam
God's name
One who has taken an enlightenment vow
Adi Granth
Sikh Holy Book
Bliss Body
Body of Buddha
Buddha nature