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52 Cards in this Set

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6 kingdoms of living things?
Archaebacteria
Eubacteria
Protist
Fungi
Plant
Animals
Archaebacteria?
live in very harsh environments; unicellular prokaryotic autotrophs
Eubacteria?
Everywhere, most numerous of organisms on Earth (0 <90% of all life); adapt quickly so survival is guaranteed
Protist?
Queer kingdom; some prokaryotic/some eukaryotic; some multicellular/some unicellular; some autotrophs/ some heterotrophs; find in or around h20
Fungi?
Multicellular, heterotrophs, eukaryotic; like warm moist dark areas
Plant?
multicellular, autotrophs, photosynthetic, eukaryotic; live everywhere except extremely cold year round
Animals?
Multicellular, heterotrophs, eukaryotic, lives everywhere
Taxonomy?
science of classification (living things)
Aristotle?
first person to categorize living things around 300 b.c.; plants & animals
Carrollus Linneaus?
advocated two word classification system that we use today binomial nomenclature
Alexander the Great?
acids and bases
Arrhenius Kirchoff?
Electricity
Prokaryotic?
no membrane bound organelles; archaebacteria, eubacteria, protist?
Eukaryotic?
visible organelles; plants animals fungi protist?
Classification System?
Domains
Kingdoms
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species
Classification for humans?
Eukaryotic
Animal
Chordata
Mammals
Primata
Hominidae
Homo
sapiens
Horse?
Equestrian
Cow?
Bovine
Decomposer?
Saphraphites
Latin name for cats?
Fellidae
Telescope?
Galileo
Autotrophs?
make their own food
heterotrophs?
cannot make their own food
Producers have?
the greatest amount of energy
consumers?
less amount of energy because they must find, consume, & digest producers to only get some of the energy
Primary consumers?
Eat producers
Secondary consumers?
eat primary consumers and producers
Tertiary consumers?
Eat producers, primary consumers, & secondary consumers
Cordinary consumers?
Eat only other consumers
Food chain?
A mapping of the flow of energy through living systems
Mammals?
Hair
Mammary Glands
Live young
Endothermic
Primates?
Brain to body ratio
Opposable Digit
Intercourse all the time
Hominids?
Two feet
Food Web?
A group of interconnected food chains.
Biomes?
large section of the earth's surface where conditions are fairly constant and specific types of plants and animals have "evolved" to thrive there
Why are there biomes?
Result of the earth's tilt on her axis at 23 1/2° from the vertical.
Tilt on axis creates?
1.) Cold areas on surface year round
2.) Hot areas in surface year round
3.) Temperate areas with significant changes in seasons
Polar Zones?
Earth never receives direct sunlight from sun; Tundra, Tiaga; Cold temperature, not many plants
Temperate zones?
Deciduous forests, temperate forests, & grasslands.
Tropical Zones?
Always receive direct sunlight
Aquatic Zones?
Marine, Freshwater, Estuaries
Deciduous Forests?
Composed of giant hardwood trees such as oak, maple, firs, evergreens; located in northern temperate zone, temperatures ate cold and animal life is restricted; mild summers, harsh winters
Temperate Forests?
composed of hardwoods, conifers, that will she'd their leaves in the fall. the region is characterized by vast changes in weather that is very predictable and allows for crop cultivation
60% of the works food supply
Tropical Rainforest?
Rain all year long (4-20 hours a day)
Hot/shaded 94°F- 108°F
Humid
Largest amount of plant life in the world
Largest amount of animal life in the world
Largest amount of fungal life in the world
Rain forest levels?
Canopy- 100 m above the ground
Understory- 10m up to about 70m
Ground- Most life in tropical rain forest
Desert?
Classified as a huge region of the Earth's surface that gets very little precipitation.
Desert Characteristics?
Very little rainfall/precipitation
Some are very hot, some are cool and even cold, some hot in daytime and cold at night
Most have very little animal life
Have a wide variety of specialized plants that do not need much water to survive
Asia desert?
Gobi desert, snow
Tundra?
very little plant life; doesn't rain, very few animals
Tiaga?
Tundra gives way to deciduous forests.
Permafrost- if melts it forms a bog or swamp
Marine?
Photic? light gets to this depth
Aphotic? no light
Estuaries?
Mixed h2o