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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cell division that produces sex cells
Meiosis
no cell wall
multicellular
Animalia
Eat meat and vegtables
omnivores
Electric charge of an atom
zero
Period on the periodic table?
horizontal row; same number of electron shells
Heat causes atoms to ?
speed up
momentum=
mass x velocity
prevailing winds?
belt of winds 30 to 60 degrees north or south of the equator
What to techtonic plates colide what forms?
Convergent boundary
What is the stdy of the stucture of organs and body systems?
Anatomy
What is the study of the functions of the organs in the body system?
Physiology
What kind of tissue is formed in sheets and does not have its own blood supply? Ex. Skin
Epitelial
What kind of tissue is found throughout the body, bone, cartilage, adipose, and blood vessels. It has its own blood supply (except ligaments)?
Connective
What kinds of tissue produces movement? Which ones are voluntary? involuntary?
Muscle Tissue
sketetal- voluntary
smooth- involuntary
cardiac- involuntary
What is the small intestines main job? And what makes up the small intestines?
Absorption of food
Duodenum jejunum and ileum
Controls body functions, glands and hormones?
Endocrine system
Which system is a storage for minerals?
skeletal
Toward the body surface?
superficial
Sagettal divides?
Left and right parts of the body
t/f

The center of each A band is a thin, dark Z line.
false M line
Ventral cavitys consists of?
Thoracic, abdonimal cavity and pelvic cavity
Body system in a stable state?
Homeostasis
Tiny hair that keep airway clear in bronchial tubes
Cilia
Exchange of oxygen and corbon dioxide?
alveoli
What does the CNS consists of?
Brain and spinal cord
What does the PNS consists of?
ANS and SNS
What does the ANS control?
heartbeat and digestion
What does the SNS control?
talking and walking
12 pair of cranial nerves
31 pair of spinal nerves
flight or flight response
Another name for large intestine?
colon
Chemicals that break down protiens, carbs, and fats into nutrients
Enzymes
the absorption of nutients occur in the small intestine to increase suface area?
(finger like projections)
villi
Engulfing of pathogens by white blood cells
phagocytosis
lyse means to
rupture
Chemical messengers released by damaged tissues
Cytokines
What kingdoms are part of the Eukaya domain?
Animalia, fungi, plante, protista
Binomial nomenclature is?
Genus species (italics)
Strectches of DNA on a chromosome that provide info for an organisms characteristics
Genes
Different forms of genes
Alleles
What store and transmit hereditary information?
Nucleic acids
What are the 5 nitrogenous bases?
Adenine
Cytosine
Guanine
Thymine
Uracil
Thymine only pairs with?
Uracil only pairs with?
DNA
RNA
What pairs in DNA?
A & T
G & C
What is the process of protein productions from messenger RNA?
translation
Nucleic acides include?
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon, and Phospherus
Where is the DNA located in a prokaryotic cell?
Nucleoid
What part of the cell makes protein?
Ribosomes
What makes the ER rough in a cell?
Ribosomes
What is the ER responsible for?
Moving protiens (secretion)
Where is APT produced in the cell?
Mitochondria aka Powerhouse
What part of the cell allows cellular movement?
Flagella
How are plant cells different from animal cells?
1.Chloroplasts- contains glucose for photosyntheis
2. Larger vacules
3. Cell Wall
A chain of amino acids results in
Protein
_________ are large structures that contain _______, the blueprints for making an individual.
Chromosomes
Genese
Where does cell differentialtion occur?
Stem cells
Where does mitosis occur?
Sin liver and other organs in the digestive
What kinds of cells are gametes?
Haploid
How do heterotrophs produce there own food?
cellular respiration
Photsynthesis=
Carbon dioxide + H2O + Sunlight ---> Glucose + Oxygen
What is responsible for the expression of genetic traits?
Proteins
What is the major enzyme responsible for DNA replication in cells
DNA Polymerase
Physical expressions of genetic traits?
phenotypes
When the offspring always have tyhe same trait?
Pure trait
homozygous
both parents give offspring the same allele
Where does the breakdown of fats begin?
small intestine
Correct order of scientific process?
Hypothesis data analysis
What kind of energy can bring a car to a rapid stop?
heat and kinetic
How far away is the sun?
1 light min away
Order of wavelengths from long to short?
radio
microwave
infrared
visible
ultraviolent
xray
gamma
In geology, what is considered a sgnificant departure from previous ideas?
paradigm shift
What are the 3 domains?
Archeae, Eubacteria, Eukarya
What are the 6 kingdoms
animalia, fungi, plante, protista, eubacteria, archaea
What does the PSNS do?
"rest and digest"
sexual arousal, salivation, lacrimation (tears), urination, digestion and defecation