• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Functions of the skeletal system

supporting soft tissue.
protection of organs.
attachment points for muscles,tendons and ligaments.
storage of minerals and fat.
The # of bones in the human body
Bones are classified by their shape

Long bones - humerus and femur.
Short bones- wrist and ankle.
Flat bones-ribs and several skull bones.
Irregular bones-spinal column and jaw.


the assumption of the prone position.
ex: a person is in the prone position when laying on the abdomen.
ex: a person's palm is prone when the forearm is turned so that the palm faces downward.

the assumption of the supine position.
ex:a person's palm is supine when the forearm is turned so that the palm faces upward.
movement of the sole of the foot inward-occurs at the ankle.
movement of the sole of the foot outward- occurs at the ankle.
the three important functions of muscles accomplished through contracton
maintenance of posture.
heat production.
afferent neurons
convey information from the peripheral receptors to the CNS.
efferent neurons

convey the response of the CNS, by way of the somatic nervous system, to the skeletal muscles.

postural tonus is
the sustained contraction of select skeletal muscles that keep the body in an upright position against the force of gravity.
body mechanics
the application of mechanical laws to the human body, specifically in regard to structure, function and position of the body
patient care ergonomics
the practice of designing equipment & work tasks to conform to the capability of the worker in relation to patient care.
patient handling tasks are the primary cause of musculoskeletal disorders among nurses.
the correction or prevention of disorders of body structures used in locomotion.
the state of slight muscle contraction.
a permanent contraction of a muscle.
activities of daily living.
congenital or acquired postural abnormalities
lateral curvature of the spine, usually occurs mostly in women during adolescence.
congenital or acquired postural abnormalities
an increased convexity in the curvature of the thoracic spine.
flat effect
an effect of depression on facial movements in which an individual's face registers no emotion.
isotonic exercise
involves muscle shortening and active movement.
ex: jogging & independently performing range of motion exercises.
isometric exercises
involves muscle contraction without any shortening of muscle fibers.
ex: chair exercises involving contractions of the gluteal muscles.
isokinetic exercises
involves muscle contraction with resistance from an external device.
ex: lifting weights.
regular exercise produces the following benefits
increased efficiency of the heart.
decreased heart rate and blood pressure.
increased blood flow to all body parts.
increased circulating fibrinolysin(small clot busting proteins)
incomplete expansion or a collapse of lung tissue that can result from immobility.
hypostatic pneumonia
a pneumonia that results from immobility and inactivity.
decreased muscle size.
a consolidation and immobilization of a joint.
the two phases of the normal gait
stance- when the heel of the right foot strikes the ground.
swing- when the toe of the left foot pushes off and leaves the ground, moving the leg from behind to in front of the body.
Range of motion
the complete extent of movement of which a joint is normally capable.
results from disuse or neurologic impairments.
decreased tone of skeletal muscle.
increased tone that interferes with movement. caused by neurologic impairments.
impaired muscle strength or weakness.
absence of muscle strenght secondary to nervous impairment.

weakness of one half of the body.

paralysis of one half of the body.
paralysis of the legs.
paralysis of the arms and legs.
Bariatric patients
patients with a BMI of 50 or greater.
Bariatric transfer aids
designed to be used with patients who are obese.
gait belt
used for transferring patients and assisting with ambulation.
used to help the patient stand and provides stabilization during pivoting.
stand assist and repositioning aids
for those patients requiring minimal assistance to stand up. an appropriate support to grasp.
Lateral assist devices
reduce patient-surface friction during side-to-side transfers.
boards and friction reducing sheets.
Hoyer lift
powered full body lifts for non weight bearing patients that move from chair or bed or stretcher.
Antiembolytic Stockings
passive interventions to aid in the prevention of venous stasis and the development of deep vein thrombosis, phlebitis,and pulmonary embolism.
available in either knee high or thigh high length. to size correctly measure from:
heal to patella's inseam(knee high) or groin(thigh high). then measure circumference 6 inches down from patella.
range of motion exercises
passive or active-isotonic exercise.
stop at point of pain/resistance.
hold for 10 seconds,return to a neutral position.
repeat sets of three.

exercises release contractures
when turning a patient, the bed should be at the level of the caregiver's
The immobile patient should be turned every
two hours.