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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Taxonomy

~the science concerning the description, identification, naming, and classification of living things.

Binomial nomenclature

modern system of naming and classifying living organisms; combines the genus and species of an organism to provide it with name.

Norishment

to supply the food and nutrients necessary for life health and growth.

Exoskeleton

a hard structure or shell which provides protection and support for an organism.

Heterotroph

requires an organic substance to provide it with necessary for growth and development

Bilateral symmetry

the ability of an object to be divided into identical halves. usually the left and right sides



Invertebrate

creatures which do not posses a backbone.

radial symmetry

an animal that is identical around its central axis

Parasite

an organism which grows, feeds, and is sheltered on or inside another organism and contributed nothing to the survival of the host

swim bladder

an air filled structure in many fish which maintains buoyancy/ or aids in respiration

notochora

rod like chord of cells that forms the main support structure of the body

water vascular system

hydraulic system in echinoderms which allows for food and wast transportation and loco motion.



what class:


~independent of water


~scales


~internal fertilization


~well-developed circulatory system and lungs


~includes snakes, lizards and turtles



reptilia

animals in the phylum:



nematode

pin-worms and hookworms

animals in the phylum:




chordata

all vertebrates such as fish reptiles and humans

animals in the phylum:




annelida

earth worms and leaches

animals in the phylum:


echinodermata

starfish,sea urchins, and sand dollar

animals in the phylum:



cnidarian

sea anemones, jelly fish, and coral

animals in the phylum:




platyhelminthes

flukes and tapeworms

characteristics of animals in the following class:




reptilia

~independent of water


~scales


~internal fertilization


~well developed circulatory system and lungs


(includes snakes, lizards, and turtles)

characteristics of animals in the following phylum:




porifera

~sessile (non-mobile)


~lack organs and tissues


~least advanced of all animals


~invertebrate


( includes all sponges)


characteristics of animals in the following phylum:




arthropoda

~segmented body with jointed legs


~exoskeleton


~complex nervous system with dorsal brains


~open circulatory system with dorsal heart


~invertebrate


( includes lobsters, crabs, beetles, and cockroaches)

characteristics of animals in the following phylum:



mullusca

~bilateral symmetry


~often have a shell


~complete digestive system


(includes snails, clams, squid, and slugs)



characteristics of animals in the following class:



aves

~ feathers


~ light weight bones


~body system adapted for flight


~beak


~4 chambered heart


( all birds)

characteristics of animals in the following class:



chiroptera

~ bats





characteristics of animals in the following class:



mammalia

~ hair


~milk production by females for offspring


~internal fertalization


( includes apes, dogs, humans, etc.)

characteristics of animals in the following class:



amphibian

~limited to moist environments


~lungs and skin act as a respiratory system


~3 chambered heart


( includes: frogs, toads, and turtles)

characteristics of animals in the following class:



placodermi

~first jawed vertebrate


~armored fish


~entirely extinct