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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
List the different sympathomimetic drugs.
1. Dobutamine
2. Orcipenaline
3. Salbutamol
4. Terbutaline
5. Salmeterol
6. Formoterol
7. Phenylephrine
8. Ephidrine
9. Phenylpropanolamine
10. Amphetamine
11. Naphozoline
12. Oxymetazoline
13. Haloalkylamine - Phenoxybenzamine
14. Quinazoline - Prazosin
15. Imadazoline - Phentolamine
16. Propranolol
17. Timolol
18. Pindolol
19. Metoprolol
20. Atenolol
21. Labetol
List the different B adrenergic receptor antagonists.
1. Propranolol
2. Timolol
3. Pindolol
4. Metoprolol
5. Atenolol
List the cardio selective B adrenergic receptor antagonists.
1. Metoprolol
2. Atenolol
List the adverse effects of B adrenergic receptor antagonists.
1. Worsen cardiac failure
2. Bronchospasm
3. Hypoglycaemia
4. Bradicardia
5. Fatigue
6. Cold extremities
7. Nightmares/vivid dreams
What are the therapeutic indications for the use of B adrenergic receptor antagonists.
1. Dysrhythmias
2. Angina pectoris
3. Hypertension
4. Hyperthyroidism
5. Glaucoma
6. Anxiety
7. Migraine
What is Labetol's mechanism of action ?
A and B adrenergic receptor antagonist.
What are the uses of Labetol ?
Hypertensive crisis.
What are the adverse effects of using Phentolamine and Phenoxybenzamine ?
1. Reflex tachycardia
2. Postural hypotension
3. Vertigo
4. Sexual dysfunction
True or false: Using Prazosin may result in reflex tachycardia.
False.
What is the mechanism of action of Phenoxybenzamine and Phentolamine ?
Both are non selective A adrenergic receptor antagonists.
What are the clinical uses of A adrenergic receptor antagonists ?
1. Vasodilation
2. Hypertension treatment
What are the clinical uses of Naphozoline and Oxymetazoline ?
They are decongestant agents.
Which two drugs have mixed adrenergic receptor agonism ?
1. Ephedrine
2. Phenylpropanolamine
What are the adverse effects of using Ephidrine ?
1. Tachyphylaxis
2. Anorexigenic effect
What are the adverse effects of using Amphetamine ?
1. Anorexigenic effect
2. Habit forming
List the B2 adrenergic receptor agonists.
1. Orcipenaline
2. Salbutamol
3. Terbutaline
4. Salmeterol
5. Formoterol
What are the uses of B2 adrenergic receptor agonists ?
Bronchodilation.
What is the mechanism of action of Phenylephrine ?
It is an A adrenergic receptor agonist.
What are the clinical uses of Phenylephrine ?
1. Vasoconstriction
2. Nasal decongestant
What are the clinical uses of Ephidrine ?
1. Vasoconstriction
2. Bronchodilation
What are the clinical uses of Phenylpropanolamine ?
1. Nasal decongestant
2. Bronchodilation
What are the clinical uses of Amphetamine ?
1. Narcolepsy
2. Minimal brain dysfunction
What is the mechanism of action of Dobutamine ?
It is a B1 adrenergic receptor agonist.
What are the clinical uses of Dobutamine ?
It is used in patients with heart failure.
List the different Parasympathomimetic drugs.
1. Muscarin
2. Pilocarpine
3. Edrophonium
4. Neostigmine
5. Physostigmine
6. Pyridostigmine bromide
7. Organophosphates
8. Atropine
9. Scopolamine
10. Ipratropium
11. Cyclopentolate
12. Propantheline
List the different muscarinic receptor agonists.
1. Muscarine
2. Pilocarpine
What are the clinical uses of Pilocarpine ?
Lower intra-ocular pressure.
List the different reversible cholinesterase inhibitors.
1. Edrophonium
2. Neostigmine
3. Physostigmine
4. Pyridostigmine bromide
What is the mechanism of action of Organophosphates ?
They are irreversible cholinesterase inhibitors.
List the different muscarinic receptor antagonists.
1. Atropine
2. Scopolamine
3. Ipratropium
4. Cyclopentolate
5. Propantheline
What are the clinical uses of Edrophonium ?
Used to diagnose mysthenia gravis.
What are the clinical uses of Neostigimine ?
Used with Atropine to treat curare.
What are the clinical uses of Physostigmine ?
1. Lower intra-ocular pressure
2. Treatment for anticholinergic drug overdose
What are the clinical uses of Pyridostigmine bromide ?
Used to treat mysthenia gravis.
Which drugs are used to treat an Organophospate overdose ?
1. Atropine
2. Pralidoxime (24. hrs)
What are the clinical uses of Atropine ?
1. Treatment for Muscarin poisoning
2. Treatment for Organophosphate poisoning
3. Combined with Neostigmine in curare treatment
What are the clinical uses of Ipratropium ?
Bronchial asthma treatment.
What are the clinical uses of cyclopentolate ?
Causes mydriasis and cycloplegia.
What are the clinical uses of Propantheline ?
1. Treatment for enuresis
2. Antispasmodic
What are the adverse effects of Organophosphate poisoning ?
Muscarinic:
1. Bronchoconstriction
2. Large volumes of bronchial secretion
3. Sweat, silaviry secretion and tears
4. Bradycardia
5. Hypotension
6. Miosis and blurred vision
7. Urination

Nicotinic:
1. Muscle fasiculations
2. Tachycardia and hypertension

CNS:
1. Restlessness
2. Tremors
3. Insomnia
4. Ataxia
5. Convulsions
6. Respiratory and circulatory failrue