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61 Cards in this Set

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how many inches of space around each pack for proper sterilization?

1 -3 inches

the safer gas sterilization agent for the environment and personel

hydrogen peroxide gas plasma

correct time and temp for autoclaving instruments

250 F for 13 min

which can be used for cold sterilization

endoscopes


dental instruments


cystoscopes


bronchoscopes

chloride

bleach

phenol

lysol

antiseptic defined as

kills germs on animate objects

dry heat kills by _____


moist heat kills by _____

dry: protein oxidation


moist: coagulation of critical cellular proteins

cat fight abcess is considered a

dirty procedure

most common agent used for CHEMICAL sterilization

glutaraldehyde

aldyhyde

formaldehyde

povidone-iodine can cause skin irritation or acute contact dermatitis in up to _____& of canine patients

50%

This antiseptic and disinfectant is effective against bacteria, viruses, fungi, and yeast. It has a rapid onset and 2-day residual activity unaffected by organic matter and is nonirritating to tissues.

chlorohexidine

iodine

betadine

define disinfectant

kills germs on inanimate objects, such as tables

2 common agents used for gas sterilization

ethylene oxide


and


hydrogren perioxide gas plasma

Quaternary Ammonium

roccal

Define antiseptic.

Kills germs on animate objects

The only time a jugular pulse is considered a normal finding in a dog or cat is:

Occasionally in a laterally recumbent animal

Used for allergy testing:

ID

Soft murmur but easily heard after a few seconds

grade TWO

When you are performing a venipuncture in general, use the ______needle possible for the vein chosen and direct the bevel_______.

largest, upward

In intraosseous administration, needles are placed directly into the ______________ cavity to deliver fluid, drugs and blood products.

bone marrow

The intratracheal dosage of drug is usually ________ than the intravenous dosage.

The saphenous vein is a great vein to attempt an IV injection or blood draw, but is more subject to trauma as in hematoma than other veins. true/false

true

What muscle group is the best site for IM injections in small patients?

Epaxial muscles

When might the lateral saphenous vein be preferred to the cephalic vein for canine venipuncture?

when a dog is aggressive

cut skin suture ends to _______ in length to aid in easy removal

5-10 mm

this antiseptic and disinfectant is bactericidal but does not kill spores of fungi, it has no residual effect and it both painful and cytotoxic when used in open wounds

alcohol

an advantage of multifilament suture (over monofilament)

*relatively stronger


*handles well


*has good knot-holding

nylon is _________, and _________.

synthetic and nonabsorbable

when clipping the hair from a patient prior to surgery how much space needs to be clipped around the incision site?

at least 2-4 cm all around

chlorhexidine

novasan

absorbable suture materials lose most of their tensile strength within _____ days

60 days



nonabsorbable sutures should be cut at what length

1/2"

prolene is _____, ______, and _______.




*hint*


I'm a pro so SMN

NONabsorbable, synthetic, and monofilament

catgut =

sheep intestines

nylon is available in both mono and mutli


t/f?

true

major disadvantage of stainless steel suture?

poor handling quality, tendency to kink

surgical cat gut is




*hint*


cats are natural


cats can absorb things

natural, absorbable

stainless steel is




*hint*


already made = natural


your body does not absorb metal = NONabsorb

natural, NONabsorbable

7-0 suture material is more likely to be used in orthopedic surgery than ophthalmic surgery.


t/f

false

Polypropylene AKA

prolene

For abdominal procedure, the clip should extend several centimeters cranial to the __________, caudal to the pubis and lateral to the nipples.

xyphoid

silk: ________, _________, and __________




*hint*


costs multiple dollars = multifilament


silk grows on a plant = natural


you wear silk and it does not absorb into you

NONabsorbable


natural


multifilament

Which suture material is least expensive?

surgical cat gut

Polydioxanone

Synthetic


absorbable

PDS (Polydioxanone)




*hint*


poly is fake (synthetic)


polydioxanone = monofilament


polydioxanone = you die and absorb into the earth

absorbable


synthetic


monofilament

Polymerized caprolactum (Vetafil)




*hint*


poly is fake (synthetic)


"fil" its going to fill up, not absorb

Synthetic


NONabsorbable

nylon




*hint*


nylon = nonabsorbable


ny = lie = fake = synthetic

synthetic


NONabsorbable

The sleeves of gowns are sterile from _____ cm above the _____ to the level of the _____.

5 cm; elbow; cuff

Once a sterile drape is placed on a patient it can only be moved toward the sterile site if it needs to be adjusted.


t/f

flase

When preparing for a laparotomy a routine surgical pack is used. What additional instruments should be available?
Balfour retractor
A gastric foreign body is an ingested foreign body this is lodged in the __________ and unable to be digested.
Stomach
A ____________ foreign body may cause plication (pleating or folding) of the intestines.
Linear
the surgical clipping margins for an adbominal exploratory are:
xiphoid process to the pubis
The procedure for a foreign body in the intestines is:
Enterotomy
______________ procedures involves an incision into the stomach.
Gastrotomy

___________ and __________ are self-retaining retractors commonly used for muscle retraction (especially in orthopedic and neurological surgery).

Gelpi, Weitlaner

The ________ is a double ended hand held retractor commonly used to retract skin, fat, or muscle.




*hint*


"double ended" = 2 names


retract = rake


skin = senn = senn rake

Senn Rake

the saphenous vein is a great vein to attempt an IV injection or blood draw, but is more subject to trauma as in hematoma than other veins.


t/f

true