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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prigg v. Pennsylvania
Art. 4 section 2: if a slave escapes from his or her home and gets caught, the state involved must send the runaway slave back.
b. 1793- Congress wrote a Fugitive Slave act: must go to the nearest judge and prove ownership
c. PA didn’t like this law, and passed personal liberty laws
i. Gave the slave more procedural laws for them in the court
Jones v. Van Zandt
a. If you help a slave escape you could get punished under federal law
b. Woodbury- once again the Fugitive slave law must be upheld
c. Deals with the punishment of the escaped slave
Strader v. Grahmn
a. What happens if you bring a slave to a free state and bring it back to a slave state
b. Chief Justice- Taney
i. You have to abide by the law of the slave that your in, so if it’s a slave state than that SUCKS
Dred Scott v. Standford
a. Came from the Missouri Compromise
i. Any territory north of the line is free anything below is slave
ii. Emerson dies and
b. First starts by saying that you cant even sue because your not even a citizen
i. At the time the constitution was written blacks weren’t citizens
c. Then also begins to say that your still a slave
d. 5th amendment- the federal government cannot take away your life liberty or property without due process- and slaves are therefore property and cant be taken away
e. Tawny threw out the Missouri compromise and threw out a Federal law
f. Violates the civil liberty of the due process clause
Abelman v. Booth
a. Runaway slave-
b. North and South relations
c. Sherman Booth- abolitionist
i. Helps a slave escape and violates the Fugitive slave law
ii. Picked up by authorities and brought to prison
iii. Gets his case to the Wisconsin supreme court
iv. Found guilty before federal court, but supreme tells them to let him go
v. Unanimous court says you have no right to declare the Fugitive slave act unconstitutional
d. Taney stressed in his decision that the federal court is supreme over the state
Strauder v. West Virginia
a. A black is entitled to a jury that has a black on it, or have a system that never lets it on
Virginia v. Rives
a. This jury didn’t have a black on the jury, but the constitution wasn’t being violated
Ex Parte Virginia
a. Judge prosecuted because he didn’t let any blacks on his jury, was a county court judge
b. Federal court says you cant discriminate in jury selection, if you do then you can be prosecuted
Pace v. Alabama
a. If you look at the two people who are committing adultery, blacks were being prosecuted more
b. Court says no racial discrimination- both are being punished equal if they get the same sentence
Civil Rights Cases
a. You cant practice racial discrimination in any place of public
b. 8-1 decision- only descended (John Harlen)
i. Bradley says that you have to be careful of the Civil Rights Act
ii. How did Congress think they have a write to pass the civil rights act
iii. 14th amendment- states have to give equal protection of the law
1. States and their subdivision not you and me running a business
iv. So the court throws out the 14th amendment
Ex parte Yarbrough
a. An election was coming-kept blacks form voting by beating them up
b. Became prosecuted by the federal government
i. They had to have a law to arrest these guys
ii. Enforcement Act-cant conspire to stop someone form voting
iii. Dealt with voting