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30 Cards in this Set

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fluency is the bridge between..

word reading and comprehension

phonograms predict

decoding fluency

repeated readings should be read

3-4 times

phoneme is the

smallest unit of speech sound with meaning

phonology is the

study of sound system of language with a focus on phonemes

phonetics is the

study of speech sounds formed in the vocal tract

phonological awareness is

awareness of sound structure and an umbrella term

the four levels of phonological awareness are

phoneme, intrasyllabic, syllable, word

most important phonological skills are

blending and segmenting at the phoneme level

phonics must include

letters



Ron Clark Academy

Ron Clark Academy

Adams Model

Context processor > meaning processor > orthographic processor > phonological processor

Ehris Phases of word recognition

pre alphabetic


partial alphabetic


full alphabetic


consolidated alphabetic


automatic

Rawlinson


letter position matters

Rawlinson

own name advantage

learn letters in name first

inconicity

non iconic letters are w & h

handwriting vs penmanship

handwriting process


penmanship product

should be taught to read words NOT

rules, rules occur less than 50%

phonics instruction should be

explicit and systematic



most valuable type of phonics

synthetic, segment phonemes

teach to ___ while reading

decode a word

type of sound to blend first

stop sound at beginning

Marie Clay

books with text upside down

short vowel, u

breve

long vowel, __

macron

digraph

two letters that make one sound

blend

two letters that retain their sounds

diphthong

vowel sound, gliding, (oi)

schwa

less stress, happEn

Great Leaps tests

fluency... timed repeated readings that include phonics, phrases, stories