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84 Cards in this Set

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a-

Not, without, lacking, deficient

Afebrile- without fever

ab-

Away from

Abduct- to move a limb away from the midsagittal plane

-able, -ible

Capable of

Reducible- capable of being reduced

acro-

Pertaining to extremity, top, peak

Acromegaly- enlarged hands

Acou

Pertaining to hearing

Acoustic- pertaining to sound or hearing

Ad-

To or toward

Adduction- moving a limb toward the midsagittal plane

Adeno-

Pertaining to gland

Adenopathy-disease of a gland

Adipo

Pertaining to fat

Adipose tissue-body fat

Aero

Pertaining to air

Aerobic- requires the presence of oxygen to live

Af-

Toward

Afferent- a nerve conduction toward the brain

Ag-

To,together

Agglutinate- what platelets do when they start clotting

Alb-

Pertaining to white

Albumin- a white protein in blood

Algesia

Pertaining to painful

Analgesic- literally without pain

Algia

Pertaining to painful condition

Neuralgia- pain that extends along the course of a nerve

Ambi-

Pertaining to both sides

Ambidextrous- able to perform tasks with either hand

Amyl

Referring to starch

Amylase- an enzyme present in saliva to break down starch

An-

Not, without

Anesthetic- without any pain, without any sensation

Ana-

Up,excess,backward,against

Anaphylaxis- excessive protection, an over reaction of the immune system to a foreign substance.

Andro

Pertaining to male

Androgen - a male or masculinizing hormone

Angio

Pertaining to blood vessels

Angioplasty - plastic surgery of blood vessels

Ankylo

pertaining to stiffness

Ankylosis - a stiffening of the spine

Ante-

To come before

Anterior - the side that comes before the rest of the body

Anti-

Against, opposed to, preventing

Antidote- a substance that counteracts a poison

Ap-

To,together

Approximate - to bring together, to place close to

Aq-

Pertaining to water

Aqueous fluid in the eye

-arium, -orium

Place for something

Solarium - a sunroom

Arterio

Pertaining to arteries

Arteriosclerosis - a condition of hardening of the arteries

Arthr

Pertaining to joint

Arthritis - information of joints

Articulo

Pertaining to jointing

Dysarticulate- tear apart at a joint- a dislocation

As-

To take into

Assimilate-to take into

Asth-

Panting, taking short breaths

Asthma

Asthenia

Pertaining to weakness

Myasthenia gravis- a grave disease of muscle weakness

At-

To draw toward

Attract-to draw toward

Audio

Refers to hearing

Auditory

Aur-

Meaning ear-like

Auricles- small ear like parts of the atria

Auto

Pertaining to the self

Autonomic - self governing

Bi-

Meaning two, double, both

Bilateral - having two sides

Bio

Pertaining to life

Biology - the study of life forms

Brachi-

Pertaining to the upper arm

Brachiocephalic - a blood vessel taking blood to the arm and head

Brady

Abnormally slow

Bradycardia - abnormally slow heart rate

Broncho

Large air passages in the lungs

Bronchospasm - as occurs in asthma, closing down of the air passages in the lungs

Bucc-

Pertaining to the cheek

Buccal- where EMTs put oral sugar in diabetes

Burs-

Pertaining to a sac at joints

bursitis - an inflammation of the bursa at a joint

Calor

Pertaining to heat

Caloric - referring to heat

Capit

Pertaining to the head

Per capita - meaning per head

Caps-

Referring to a container

Encapsulate - enclosed in a capsule or container

Carcino

Referring to cancer

Carcinoma - a cancer

Cardio

Referring to the heart

Cardiogenic - heart in origin

Carp-

Referring to the wrist

Carpopedal spasms- hand and foot cramps that occur with hyperventilation syndrome

Cata-

Meaning - down, lower

Catabolism- taking down metabolism, a breakdown

Caut-, caus-

Meaning - to burn

Cauterize - to burn skin or blood vessels to get them to stop bleeding


Caustic burns

-cele

Enlargement, tumor, hernia

Hydrocele - a confined collection of water

-centesis

Perforation or tapping, as with a needle

Thoracentesis - puncturing the thoracic cavity to withdraw air or fluid

Centi

Pertaining to 100

Centimeter -100th of a meter

Cephalo

Pertaining to the head

Hydrocephalic - a birth abnormality where there is excess cerebral spinal fluid

Cerebro

Referring to the brain

Cerebrospinal fluid

Cervi

Pertaining to the neck

Cervical fracture - broken neck

Chloro

Meaning green

Chlorine, a greenish gas

Chole

Pertaining to bile or gall

Cholecystitis - gallbladder inflammation

Chondro

Pertaining to cartilage

Costochondral margin - the rib / cartilage margin

Chromo

Referring to color

Monochromatic - being of one color

Chrono

Referring to time

A chronotropic drug like epinephrine speeds up the heart

-cide

Meaning - to kill

Suicide - to kill oneself

-cil

A hair like process

Cilia in the lungs sweep out foreign substances

Circum-

Around

Circumnavigate- to navigate around the world

-cis

To cut, or kill

Exercise - to cut off

Cleido

Referring to the clavicle

Sternocleidomastoid muscle

Co-

With,together

Cohabitation - living with someone else

Col-

With

Collateral des blood vessels that supply blood from several sides (with both sides)

Colo-

Pertaining to the large intestines

Colitis - information and large intestine or colon

Coll-

Gelatin-like

Colloid - a gel-like fluid

Com-

With

Comminuted fracture- with more than two peices

Con-

With,together

Congenital - existing from the time of birth (occurred together with birth)

Contra

Opposite, working against

Contraindicated - the opposite of what the drug is indicated for

Cor

Pertaining to the pupils

Anisocoria - unequal pupils

Costo

Pertaining to the ribs

Intercostal muscles - between the ribs

Cranio

Pertaining to the skull

As in the parasympathetic nervous system is a craniocaudal with nerves originating in the head and tail end of the spine

Cryo

Refers to cold

Cryotherapy - treatment using cold

Crypto

Meaning hidden, covered

" don't be cryptic" don't hide your meaning

-cubitus

Pertaining to the elbow

Antecubital- in front of the elbow

-cuss

Meaning to shake violently

To precuss the chest- to tap it firmly

Cyano-

Refers to a color of blue

Cyanosis - a color of blue skin

Cysto-

Refers to a bladder, cyst, sac of fluid

Cystitis - a bladder inflammation

Cyto- or cyte

Refers to cells

Cytotoxin - rattlesnake venom is very cytotoxic