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22 Cards in this Set

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Tac. Ann. 12.67
“The intrigues of his stepmother in Nero’s interests are fatal to the imperial house"
Tac. Ann. 12.67
“He decided to act secretly – and ordered poison to be prepared” (kills Britannicus)
Tacitus Annals 16.21
"After the massacre of so many distinuished men, Nero finally coveted the destruction of Virtue herself by killing Thrasea Paetus and Marcius Barea Soranus" (Thrasea "proposed and carried a more lenient sentence" for Antistius Sosianus). They opposed, but were no serious threat.
Annals 14
"it had been the custom of Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus to pass over flatteries in silence or with curt agreement. But this time he walked out of the senate - thereby endangering himself without bringing general freedom any nearer."

Annals 14 on resisting Nero

Threasea saved Antistius from a death penalty and others supported him, the consuls "did not venture to confirm the senate's decree, but wrote informing Nero of the general view", Nero was offended but said they could carry the motion if they wished. It is clear here that emperors could be blocked in some ways by stoics, since they didn't want to appear to be taking power away from the senate. (but still ultimately useless)

Tacitus annals 5:

• States how "a conspiracy was hatched and instantly gained strength", these included "Senators and knights, officers, even women, competed to join. They hated Nero…"


• States how the people loved Piso, even if he was "superficial, ostentatious, and sometimes dissolute"


• Says "his ambitions were not what originated the conspiracy", names others "subrius Flavus, a colonel of the Guard, and Sulpicius Asper, company-commander, were in the forefront", along with "Lucan" who Nero had annoyed by competing with him in poetry and "vetoing his publicity", two senators are also included Scraevinus and Quintianus


• Seven roman knights join

Plutarch Moralia - on Talkativeness
• The "careless talk of one man prevented Rome from removing Nero and becoming free"

• The intended assassin saw a prisoner of Nero and said "just pray, my friend, to get through this day, and tomorrow you will be grateful to me"


• Prisoner informs Nero, conspiracy fails

Suetonius? Lives of Famous Men, On Poets - Lucan
• Lucan "emerged as virtually the standard-bearer of Piso's conspiracy",

• Boasted and spoke openly about killing Nero


• When he was captured he showed no "resolve of spirit"


• Implicates his mother, who was innocent, in hope of mercy when given freedom to choose own death, has veins cut

Martial, Epigrams 7.21

• "alas, Nero, none of your murders made you more loathed than this;/ the gods above at least should not have allowed you this" (of Thrasea Paetus)


• Unpopularity from killings was probable

Coin celebrating Nero's safety
(good for variety)

Timeline

1. Vindex launches senatorial revolt of a province, not some gallic uprising as portrayed by Suet. Nero and suggested by Dio


2. Galba hears of Vindex's revolt, had his troops hail him as representative of the senate and people of Rome, marches on Rome after Nero's suicide


3. Verginius Rufus defeats Vindex but refuses crown after Nero's fall


4. Macer raised his own revolt against Nero (but was later crushed by Galba after becoming a threat)


5. Peronius said by dio to have revolted and waited for news of Nero's fall, (later executed as a Neronian general)


6. Senate declare Nero a public enemy and Galba as new Princeps

Plutarch Galba 6.1-2:
Clodius was in Africa and defected after the revolt of Galba grew in strength, this is supposedly because he was abusing his power and murdering/ plundering meaning he "could neither retain nor resign his command"

Playas:

1. Vindex, propraetor of Aquitania/Lugdunensis (could be one or the other or another place in Gaul), Verginius Rufus gets rid of him


2. Verginius Rufus Upper Germany 4 legions, we aren't sure if he destroys Vindex because he wants to or due to his troops wanting to


3. Galba, governor 1 legion Spain (Tarraco) + one enrolled legion


4. Clodius Macer - Africa 1 legion

Suetonius Nero 41-42

• Ignored insulting edicts from Vindex, doesn't respond


• Returns back only after "further urgent dispatches" in a massive panic • Is in terror but sees a Gaul statue being dragged and sees this as a sign, becomes happy again


• Did not go to the senate • Instead summoned leading citizens to his home and "after a brief discussion of the Gallic situation" spent the rest of the time discussing water organs


• News arrives of revolt of Galba, Nero panics, insists that to lose supreme power while still alive hasn't happened to the other emperors, and he is ashamed

Suetonius Nero 43-44

• 43 discusses all his mad schemes for solving the situation, including "setting fire to the city again", "poisoning all the senators at a banquet", and "to slaughter all exiles everywhere". He doesn't go through with this because it would be impractical with the current military campaign incoming

• Dismisses consuls and takes over


• He states to two friends he would go in front of the enemy and weep and weep to win back their loyalty before singing victory tunes • In the military preparations "he was mainly concerned with finding enough wagons to carry his stage equipment"

Suetonius Nero 45

• Calls people to arms "not a single eligible recruit came forward"

• Therefore forcibly recruits slaves


• Forces income tax and tells every tenant of a private house or flats they owe a year's rent to the imperial treasury


r• Everyone refuses to contribute saying "he would do much better if he reclaimed the fees from his informers"


• "aggravated popular resentment by profiteering in grain


• Now hated by the people, citizens deface statues ect

Suetonius Nero 46

describes Nero's terrible dreams at the time after all the predictions and insults, these included his Mausoleum doors opening and a voice calling "enter, Nero!"

• Lots of stories, the household gods fall over at a sacrifice, the annual vows to Nero are hindered by the loss of the Capitol keys, Nero sings the part of Oedipus at a public appearance, finishing with "wife, mother, father, do my death compel!".

Suetonius Nero 50:
Gets a servant to kill him, his reign ends
Denarius of Vindex from Gaul
victory and an oak wreath, republican in how it has no emperor, the oak wreath was corrupted by Augustus from saving a citizen's life in battle to a reward for ending the civil wars, here it is restored to the people by a victory of the people and senate of Rome
Denarius of L.Clodius Macer
lions head and the other side saying the liberating Augustan faction, wanted to be the legion that freed the people
Denarius of Galba
liberty restored, a female bust on one side with "Liberty" on it, the other side has a slave cap between two daggers and says "restored to the roman people" this is the idea of freedom from slavery and draws on the coin used by Brutus after Caesar's assassination. Restores liberty.
Denarius of Galba as new Augustus
augustus head bust and victory, Galba want to model himself as like Augustus, (i.e. the successor)