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34 Cards in this Set

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2 classification of vitamins?

Fat soluble and water soluble

What are the fat soluble vitamins?

A,D,E,K

What are the water soluble vitamins?

B,C

Where are the fat soluble vitamins absorbed?

Lymphatic system

Where are the water soluble vitamins absorbed?

Bloodstream

Which vitamins are more likely to cause toxicity?

Fat soluble

Which of the two vitamins do you store in the body?

Fat soluble in liver and fat tissue

What is the active form of vitamin A

Retinol

What is an early sign of vitamin A deficiency

Night blindness

What is the primary vitamin A deficiency disease called


Xerophthalmia

What are the primary sources of beta carotene

Carrots, apricots, sweet potatoes, squash

What is the vitamin D deficiency disease in children called

Rickets

What is the vitamin D deficiency disease in adult called

Osteomalacia

What is the primary source of vitamin D

Sunshine

What are the primary sources of vitamin E

Vegetable oil, eggs

What is the primary function of vitamin E

Antioxidant, protects the cell membrane

What is the primary function of vitamin K

Protein synthesis

What two groups are most at risk for vitamin K deficiency

People on antibiotics and newborns

What is the vitamin C deficiency disease called

Scurvy

What are the primary function of vitamin C in the body

Antioxidants, promotes iron absorption, supports immune system

What is the primary function of the vitamins B1,2,3

Energy metabolism

Definitely disease of thiamin

Beriberi

Deficiency disease of niacin

Pellegra

Deficiency disease of B12

Pernicious anemia

Who is at risk for developing wernicke korsakoff syndrome

People deficient in B1

Minerals in electrolytes?

Sodium potassium chloride

Deficiency disease of calcium

Osteoporosis

Characteristics of osteoporosis

Porous brittle bone density

What mineral is part of hydrochloric acid

Chloride

Minimum daily sodium requirement

500mg

3 minerals that play a role in bone development

Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium

What mineral can be found in soft drink

Phosphorus

Major cation outside cell

Sodium

Major cation inside cell

Potassium