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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Nathaniel Bacon
Leader of Rebellion, with farmers to murder and beat up. Burns Jamestown and wants to push Native Americans away from colony. Was later stopped when England brings out the canon
William Penn
founder of Pennsylvania. He seeked a place where those facing religious persecution in Europe could enjoy spiritual freedom. Colonists and Indians would coexist in harmony. Sold cheap land and was a Quaker
William of Orange
head of state of the Dutch republic. When King James II was kicked out, William of Orange ascends to throne in 1689
Duke of York
King Charles II's younger brother James who governed New Netherland
Jacob Leisler
rebel militia made and established Committee of Safety and took control of New York. Was then executed. Provincial militia captain who seized the reins of British colonial government in New York (Leisler’s Rebellion) and exercised effective control over the area for more than 18 months in 1689–91.
Leisler's Rebellion
Leisler's Rebellion was an uprising in colonial New York, reflecting colonial resentment against the policies of King James II. An armed mob seized Fort James and intended to hold New York for William III and Mary II. Captain Jacob Leisler became the head of a new government of direct popular representation in lower New York from 1689 to 1691. This government was not dominated by the wealthy merchants and landowners and tried to distribute wealth to the poor. New York's predominantly Anglican merchant and aristocratic classes and the Albany Convention opposed Leisler's rule.
James II
formerly known as the duke of York. Catholic, ascends throne after Charles II dies. Gives throne to William of Orange. He attempted to promote Catholicism by appointing Catholics to military, political and academic posts
King Philip
Wampanoag's leader Metacom that led Indian's uprising
William Berkeley
governor of Virginia who had trade pacts with Indians and reserved lands with Indians which led up to Bacon's Rebellion
Edmund Andros
governor of Newy York. Formed alliances known as the Covenant Chain. Indians assisted Andros in attacks
Charter of Liberties
in 1682. Offered "Christian Liberty" to all who affirmed a belief in God and did not use freedom to promote "licentiousness"
using the colonies to produce the country's imports so they would reduce the imports from other countries
Royal African Company
monopoly slave trade. Trading ventures
the act of making more English instead of American. One's dress, manners, and splendor revealed rank
Bacon's Rebellion
rebellion of farmers who attack Jamestown and Virginia people to get land and push Indians out
Toleration Act
allowed Protestant Dissenters (but not Catholics) to worship freely, although only Anglicans could hold public office
King Philip's War
Indian forces led by King Philip who attacked nearly half of New England's ninety towns, 12 in Massachusetts destroyed
Navigation Act
aimed to wrest control of world trade from the Dutch, whose merchants profited from free trade with all parts of the world and all existing empires. Tobacco and sugar had to be transported in English ships and sold initially in English parts
West Jersey Concessions
created an elected assembly with a broad suffrage and established religious liberty
followers of Anne Hutchinson; they wanted equality of all persons and believed that people did not have to go to church or be religious to go to Heaven
Covenant Chain
imperial ambitions of the English and Indians reinforced one another
Glorious Revolution
established parliamentary supremacy once and for all and secured the Protestant succession to the throne. Replaced the reigning king, James II, with the joint monarchy of his protestant daughter Mary and her Dutch husband, William of Orange.
African and North Americans who were sold and bought by settlers to do labor
Salem witch trials
50,000 were executed, most were women who couldn't bare any more children, economically independent, estranged from their husbands, or violated gender norms
Consumer Revolution
large and rapid increase in the consumption of consumer good both in England and elsewhere in northern Europe