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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Speaking delivery
how you "sell" your words (verbal) or nonverbal (body language).
How you present yourself
Speaking delivery
how you "sell" your words (verbal) or nonverbal (body language).
How you present yourself
Four types of speech delivery
manuscript-read from paper
memorized-memorized from written speech
extemporaneous-outline, but you say the words you think within a topic range
impromptu-no rehearsing of speech, you just say it.
Most often recommended form of speech
Purpose of voice
Your voice carries your words to the audience
Purpose of diaphragm
The diaphragm is the power source of your speech. It controls the volume and voice of your speech (it controls the breathing force)
How does the air travel to allow you to speak
Air fills your lungs
Moves to your oral cavity (forced by diaphragm)
Speaking volume is controlled (loud, soft)
What else affects your speaking effectiveness?
The rate (how fast you speak)
The pitch range (high or low voice)
The range of notes (how it changes up and down)
Good speakers do what?
Vary (change) their pitch and rate to avoid speaking in a monotone and to add life to their words
Good speakers know when to
emphasis (to add importance to points)
Emphasis is
the stress you give certain words you wish to accentuate (make more important)
Do not slur (run words together)
Articulation is clearly pronouncing words
Knowing the correct pronunciation of words is very important
Effective delivery and body
Your body delivers a nonverbal message to the audience
Gestures and posture
gestures are what actions you use with your body (arms, face, etc)
How you hold yourself...not stiff, but relaxed..but not too relaxed
Platform movement
taking steps while speaking.
Range from 1-5 steps depending on size of room, audience and your emotional intent (what you want to say).
Distance from audience
Being too far doesn't involve them in speech

Being too close can make the audience feel uncomfortable
Hold something in your hand (notecards)
Use gestures (not too many)
Lift and lay hands
Gesture Zone
an imaginary box in front of speaker.
Area from shoulders to waist and just pass the side of your body
Facial expressions
most important part of oral communication
Your face must SELL your words
Eye contact
You MUST make eye contact with audience and sustain (HOLD) contact until the audience trusts you and what you say
Best speakers use
ALL THE ELEMENTS of an effective delivery

Voice, body, face and well prepared speech
mode used to transmit words to an audience
Manuscript method
write out and deliver your speech from a paper
Memorized method
Commit every word to memory before delivery
Exteporaneous method
Outline the speech, but do not memorize it. Use the notecards as reminders of what you want to say
Impromptu method
Short speeches that you have not prepared for
power source for speakers
vocal process
voice production
speed in which we talk
the vocal notes you hit while speaking
high and low notes, etc
delivery words at the same rate and speech with no variations (changes)
delivery words at the same rate and speech with no variations (changes)
altering (changing) your pitch and vocal tone
how loud or soft your voice is when speaking
crispness or distinctness in which we say the syllables of words
saying the sounds of a word properly and stressing the correct syllable
Points on how to move
move in comfortable relaxed manner
move toward the audience
know exactly how many steps you are going to take
three step and five step method
move one step, cross with the second step, move the first leg forward until you are standing firmly on both feet.
five step...move two more steps
three common errors with hands
1. fly away-hands shoot out from sides with no direction (like missles)
2. judo-chop-hands chop downward to emphasize points in the minds of audience
3. penguin-wave-hands down at sides and you flick your fingers or wrists
Lift and lay method with hands
move hands comfortably then lay your hands at the end of the gesture as if you were laying them on a table. WITHIN THE GESTURE ZONE
String idea
Pretend there is a noose around your neck controlled by your hands. This is to remind you to USE THE UPPER PART OF YOUR BODY (not just hands) WHEN GESTURING
Eye Contact Hints
1. Look at each person for a number of seconds before moving to a different person in the audience
2. Don't forget people at the far sides (edges) of audience
3. Make eye contact with people, not things
Audience feedback
Reading feedback..people figiting in chairs-restless..(not reaching audience)
straining to hear(check your volume)
wrinkling their brows (they are not understanding)