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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

a process that takes place in each of the many facets of human communication


communication with yourself

Intrapersonal Communication

communication among two people

Interpersonal Communication

communication among three or more group of people

Group Communication

involves speaking with an audience, with the use of a sound system

Public Communication

communication via the use of mass media system (radio, television, advertising, film and print

Mass Communication

communication through the use of information technology (e-mail, internet and mobile phone)

Communication Technology

time-related nonverbal


the use of space when people communicate in relation with other people


kind of space which is approximately 1 to 1.5 feet

Intimate Space

kind of space which is approximately 1 to 2.5 feet

Personal Space

kind of space which is approximately from 12 feet and extends as far as is feasible in an auditorium or lecture hall

Public Space

nonverbal associated w/ geographical location, where people are relation to one another


body language, posture, facial expressions, eye movements


objects or things in contact w/ the communicators that may serve as nonverbal stimuli

Object Language or Artifacts

how something is said and not what is said


one of the first modes of communication of the human being (patting, hugging, holding, etc.)

Tactile Communication (Touch/Haptics)

mental image has oneself

Self Concept

proponents of the JOHARI WINDOW

- Joseph Luft

- Harrington Ingram

this model is an extremely useful way of looking at the transactional process of self-disclosure, feedback, and self-esteem


this window represents our public self (I know, Others know)

Window A (Open Area)

this window includes information others have about us which we are not aware

Window B (Blind Area)

this window presents the part of us which we are aware of but are not willing to share with others (I know; Others don't know)

Window C (Hidden Area)

this window explains the notions of I don't know; others don't know

Window D (Unknown Area)

the substition of /th/ or /s/ as in thank for sank


substitution of r for l as in rhyme for lime


characterized by errors in grammar, misuse of vocabulary and poor pronunciation

Diction Difficulties

the result of one's inability to add volume to his voice w/o strain, tension or breathless

Projection Difficulties

are often due to inadequate training, duplication of poor models, laziness, confusion, carelessness, ignorance, nervousness, and haste

Speech Blemishes

if the child's hearing is defective at birth, he/she has been deprived of the usual opportunity a child has of imitating the sounds around him

Impaired Hearing

the malformation of the jaw and usually results in the poor production of the sibilant sound /z/


if the frenum is too short, the tongue will not have enough freedom to make some of the sounds correctly


the formation of the palate or roof of the mouth is defective at birth

Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip

this is a brain injury and would result to a person's inability to recall the words he needs to carry on in normal speech situations


impairment of the vocal tone at its inception in the larynx. These speech defects are harsh tone, weak, hoarse, or strained voice

Phonation Difficulties

elastic air sacs w/c provide the source of energy for speech


passageway from air from the lungs to the mouth

Trachea (windpipe)

domed-shape muscle attached to the lower base and sides of the lower ribs separating the abdomen from the chest


sometimes called "Adam's apple" w/c houses the vocal cords and control their movements

Larynx (voice box)

two edges of stretchable muscle and white connective tissue; principal agents in the production of the human voice; can move closer together

Vocal Cords

space between the vocal cords capable of extremely delicate adjustment


a vertical cove-shaped passage lying at the rear end of the mouth; serves as double purpose of providing a free passage for the for the current of air and acting as resonator to reinforce the tone generated in the larynx


two irregularly constructed passages located just above the hard palate

Nasal Cavities

a resonator capable of many changes; contains most of the articulators (teeth, tongue, uvula, hard and soft palate)

Mouth Cavity (Buccal or Oral Cavity)

roof of the mouth; acts as resonator of sound

Hard Palate

backward extension of the hard palate; a movable fold of muscle fibers

Soft Palate (Velum)

projection at the end of the soft palate, serves as a valve to aid in opening or closing the nasal passage

Uvula (Velic)

region between the alveolar ridge and the hard palate

Alveo Palatal Region

flexible mass of muscles, divided into four parts: tip, middle and back


most versatile speech organ

Back of the Tongue

modify the speech

Teeth, Lips, etc.

voice production involves the passage of air from the lungs, through the trachea and into larynx

Respiration (Breathing Stage)

process by w/c air is pushed through the vocal cords, which then vibrate to produce sound

Phonation Stage

the spoken voice first goes through process of resonation in w/c qualities are added to the sound as it passes through a series of air chambers in the throat and head

Resonation Stage

occurs when the tone produced at the larynx is changed into sounds; result of the movement of the articulators towards the point of articulations


intensity of the voice


how high or low the voice sounds


speed at w/c a person speaks


the timbre of voice


refers to the color, expression and feeling employed in speech


gives meaning to a word or phrase


variation in volume, rate, pauses, and pitch effectively communicate your ideas and feelings