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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 3 characteristics of informative speaking?
1. The speaker is clear, accurate and interesting
2. The audience is attentive, comprehensive and will modify their existing knowledge system
3. The speech does not ask to believe or do any particular thing
What are the 4 specific purposes of informative speaking?
1. To enhance existing knowledge
2. To update current common knowledge
3. To revise misconceptions in common knowledge
4. To shed light on a rarely explored topic
What are the 4 informative strategies?
1. Definition
2. Description
3. Reporting
4. Explaining
Clarifies a term that is vague or troublesome or introduces new vocabulary or information

Acknowledges all/other possible definitions to distinguish your definition of the concept or term which presents a new way of viewing the subject

*Can be both an informative AND a persuasive technique
What are the 3 types of definitions?
1. Definition by example
2. Definition by Synonym
3. Definition by Etymology
The process of using vivid language and specific details to paint a mental picture and create positive and negative feelings

Is useful if you believe the audience will share your appraisal of the setting/situation
Journalism in the oral mode that answers the question "what happened?"

Uses strict chronological order and virtually no analysis

Use if you need to discuss a complex event by identifying each of its components
Provides a deeper understanding of events, people, policies or processes by considering different views and answering the questions "why" and/or "how"

Speechs that explain events tend to progress from simple to complex while those that explain policies or processes tend to progress from complex to simple
What are the 3 types of informative speeches?
1. Speeches about nouns
2. Speeches about processes
3. Speeches about events
4. Speeches about concepts
Speeches about nouns
Choose a person, place, thing or animal on which to focus on, then list various aspects of your topic and choose one in which to narrow your focus

Use the strategies of definition, description and comparison/contrast to communicate and clarify information
Speeches about processes
Focus on a pattern or sequence of actions, its end result and practical applications

Create and maintain a step-by-step organizational pattern and maintain consistent terminology throughout the steps of explanation

Use the strategies of reporting, describing and explaining to maximize audience comprehension
Speeches about events
Choose an historical, current or future event to highlight and recount

Use a chronological pattern to reflect the timeline of the event

Use the reporting strategy and supplement it with vivid descriptions and explanations
Speeches about concepts
Choose an abstract idea, religion, value or philosophy to focus on

Focus on elements easy to understand to your audience and make sure your key points support a logical relationship to your main claim or thesis

Use a topical pattern to arrange your speech of the selected elements