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A reads text to speech;

41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
public speaking
-Highly structured
-formal language
-different method of delivery
-organizing thoughts logically
-tailoring message to audience
-telling a story for maximum impact
-adapting to listener feedback
communication model
frame of reference
The sum of a person's knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes. No two people can have exactly the same frame of reference.
The vibration of sound waves on the eardrums and the firing of electrochemical impulses in the brain.
Paying close attention to, and making sense of, what we hear.
appreciative listening
Listening for pleasure or enjoyment.
critical listening
Listening to evaluate a message for purposes of accepting or rejecting it.
empathic listening
Listening to provide emotional support for a speaker.
comprehensive listening
Listening to understand the message of a speaker.
general purpose statement
The broad goal of a speech.
specific purpose statement
A single infinitive phrase that states precisely what a speaker hopes to accomplish in his or her speech.
chronological organization
A method of speech organization in which the main points follow a time pattern.
spatial organization
A method of speech organization in which the main points follow a directional pattern.
problem-solution organization
A method of speech organization in which the first main point deals with the existence of a problem and the second main point presents a solution to the problem.
topical organization
A method of speech organization in which the main points divide the topic into logical and consistent subtopics.
speaker credibility
The audience's perception of whether a speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic.
advantages of using visual aids
-illustrate points
-summarize information
-more interesting
-easier to grasp
-retain longer
how to use visual aids
-avoid chalkboard
-display where visible
-avoid passing them to audience
-only display when discussing them
-face the audience while using
-explain them
-practice with them
The branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs.
ethical guidelines
-make sure your goals are ethically sound
-Be fully prepared for each speech
-Be honest in what you say
-Avoid name calling and other forms of abusive language
To inform
To persuade
To entertain
The tendency of people to be concerned above all with their own values, beliefs, and well-being.
3 factors of audience’s disposition
types of opening interest devices
reasons and purpose of opening interesting device
-get attention of the audience
-allow time for audience to settle and get ready to receive message
-may be used to establish rapport
-should set stage and mood for speech
-should be related to speech in subject matter
reasons and purpose of closing interest device
-Round out speech and leave audience psychologically satisfied
-Leave audience with a partying thought or lasting impression
-End speech smoothly
-Drive a point home again
persuasive speech
A speech designed to change or reinforce the audience's beliefs or actions.
informative speech
A speech designed to convey knowledge and understanding.
how to deal with nervousness
-acquire expierence
-Think positively
-Use visualization
-Know that most nervousness is not visible
-Don't expect perfection
Mental imaging in which a speaker vividly pictures himself or herself giving a successful presentation.
the person who is presenting an oral message to a listener
whatever a speaker communicates to someone else
the means by which a message is communicated
the person whom receives the speaker's message
the messages, usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to a speaker
anything that impedes the communication of a message. Interference can be external or internal to listeners.
the time and place in which speech communication occurs
How to prepare visual aid
-prepare in advance
-keep simple
-large enough
-Easy to read font and limited variety
-use color effectively