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93 Cards in this Set

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Present Progressive verbs

Me Nos


Te


Se Se

Hace: Time expressions

1) Hace+time+que+present tense




2) Present tense+hace+time




3) Cuánto tiempo+hace+que+present tense

Irregular yo form: Venir

Vengo

Irregular yo form: Decir

Digo

Irregular yo form: Hacer

Hago

Irregular yo form: Poner

Pongo

Irregular yo form: Saber

Irregular yo form: Salir

Salgo

Irregular yo form: Traer

Traigo

Irregular yo form: Oír

Oigo

Irregular yo form: Conocer

Conozco

Irregular yo form: Conducir

Conduzco

Irregular yo form: Dar

Doy

Irregular yo form: Ver

Veo

Direct object pronouns

Me Nos


Te


Lo/La Los/Las

Present Progressive

Estar+Present Participle; this is the -ing of Spanish



Present Progressive: Forms of Estar

Estoy Estamos




Estás




Está Están

Present Progressive: Present Participle -ar

-ando

Present Progressive: Present Participle -er & -ir

-iendo

Stem changing verbs: e => ie

Cerrar


Empezar


Entender


Preferir


Querer

Stem changing verbs: o => ue

Almorzar


Costar


Dormir


Encontrar


Poder

Stem changing verbs: e => i

Repetir


Servir

Stem Changing Verbs

"Boot Leg" Verbs; Nosotros & Vosotros forms do not change.

When to use: Saber

Express knowledge of facts/pieces of info


Know how to do somthing

When to use: Conocer


*Remember*

Express familiarity with someone


To meet someone


*use the personal a when referring to people*

Forms of: Saber

Sé Sabemos




Sabes




Sabe Saben

Forms of: Conocer

Conozco Conocemos


Conoces


Conoce Conocen

Tener+noun


Tener+mucho/a+noun

to be+adjective


to be+very+adjective

Forms of: Tener

Tengo Tenemos


Tienes


Tiene Tienen

tener hambre

to be hungry

tener sed

to be thirsty

tener sueño

to be sleepy

tener miedo

to be afraid

tener calor

to be hot

tener cuidado

to be careful

tener frío

to be cold

tener suerte

to be lucky

tener prisa

to be in a hurry/rush

tener razón

to be right/correct

Tener+que+infinitive

To have to...

Tener+ganas de+infinitive

To feel like

Demonstrative Adjectives: This

Este o Esta

Demonstrative Adjectives: That

Ese o Esa

Demonstrative Adjectives: That over there

Aquel o Aquella

Demonstrative Adjectives: These

Estos o Estas

Demonstrative Adjectives: Those

Esos o Esas

Demonstrative Adjectives: Those over there

Aquellos o Aquellas

Demonstrative Adjectives: When to use this/these.

When people, events, or things are close to you.

Demonstrative Adjectives: When to use that/those.

When people, events, or things are relatively close to you.

Demonstrative Adjectives: When to use that/those (over there)

When people, events, or things are far away

Indirect Object Pronouns: Pronouns

Me Nos




Te




Le Les

Indirect Object Pronouns: When to use them

Someone is affected by the action.


Goes before the conjugated verb.


Often used with a + pronoun


When using DAR it is use almost always with IOP



Indirect Object Pronouns: Verbs typically used

Dar Prestar


Decir Regalar


Describir Vender


Escribir


Explicar


Mostrar (ue)

Gustar like verbs: Indirect object pronouns

Me Nos


Te


Le Les

Gustar like verbs: Verbs Similar

Encantar


Fascinar


Interesar


Parecer (zc)


Quedar

Gustar like verbs: To like or dislike a person

Caer bien


Caer mal

Gustar like verbs: Emphasis or Clarification

A + mí


A + ti


A + él/ella


A + usted(es)


or A + noun

Ser or Estar: Forms of Ser

Soy Somos


Eres


Es Son

Ser or Estar: Forms of Estar

Estoy Estamos


Estás


Está Están

Ser or Estar: When to use Ser

Person or thing's origin


Identification


Characteristics


Telling time/date


Time and place of an event


With the preposition "de" (possession)

Ser or Estar: When to use Estar

Person or thing's location


Conditions (Feeling)


Impressions or Opinions

Preterite: regular -AR endings

é amos


aste


ó aron

Preterite: regular -ER/-IR

í imos


iste


ió ieron

Preterite: -CAR verbs 1st person singular

-qué

Preterite: -GAR verbs 1st person singular

-gué

Preterite: -ZAR verbs 1st person singular

-cé

Preterite: Double vowels

-io endings change to -yó


-ieron endings change to -yeron

Preterite: Stem Changing Verbs

-AR and -ER verbs do not stem change


-IR verbs change in 3rd person views only

Preterite: Irregular Preterite Endings

e imos


iste


o ieron

Preterite: Irregular Irregular Preterite Verbs

Dar IR/SER


Di Dimos Fui Fuimos


Diste Fuiste


Dio Dieron Fue Fueron

Preterite: Irregular Preterite Verbs

Andar Poder


Estar Querer


Tener Saber


Venir -ducir


Hacer


Haber

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Andar

anduv-

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Estar

estuv-

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Tener

tuv-

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Venir

vin-

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Hacer*

hic-


*3rd person singular hizo

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Haber

hub-

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Poder

pud-

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Querer

quis-

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Saber

sup-


Preterite: Irregular Stems: Poner

pus-

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Decir*

dij-


*3rd person plural -jeron

Preterite: Irregular Stems: Traer*

traj-


*3rd person plural -jeron

Preterite: Irregular Stems: -ducir*

-duj


*3rd person plural -jeron

The Imperfect: -AR endings

aba ábamos


abas


aba aban

The Imperfect: -ER/-IR endings

ía íamos


ías


ía ían

The Imperfect: When should it be used?

Talk about repeated actions


Talk about past actions


Setting up background info

The Imperfect: Do verbs stem change?

NO!

Prepositions: Exception with entre

Tú y yo

Preterite: When to use

When something happened


How long it happened


How many times it happened

Prepositions: List the Prepositions

A


De


Para


Por


Sin


Sobre

Prepositions: Pronouns paired w/ the prepositions

Mí Nosotros/as


Ti


Usted / Él / Ella Ustedes/ Ellos/ Ellas

Prepositions: Exception with con

Conmigo y Contigo