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1122 Cards in this Set

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agnostic

one who believes the existence of God is not provable

amoral

neither moral nor immoral; having no relation to morality

atrophy

the wasting away of body tissue

abdicate

to renounce or relinquish a throne

abhor

to hate, detest

abject

cast down; degraded

abstract

conceived apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or actual instances

abstruse

hard to understand; secret, hidden

acerbic

sour or astringent in taste; harsh in temper

acrimonious

caustic, stinging, or bitter in nature

acumen

mental sharpness; quickness of wit

acute

sharp at the end; ending in a point

exacerbate

to increase bitterness or violence; aggravate

agitate

to move or force into violent, irregular action

litigate

to make the subject of a lawsuit

pedagogue

a teacher

synagogue

a gathering or congregation of Jews for the purpose of religious worship

acoustic

pertaining to hearing; sound made through mechanical, not electrical, means

accede

to yield to a demand; to enter office

addict

to give oneself over, as to a habit or pursuit

adhere

to stick fast; cleave; cling

adjacent

near, close, contiguous; adjoining

adjoin

to be close or in contact with

admire

to regard with wonder, pleasure, and approval

advocate

to plead in favor of

allegory

the figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another

alter ego

the second self; a substitute or deputy

altruist

a person unselfishly concerned for the welfare of others

amatory

of or pertaining to lovers or lovemaking

amiable

having or showing agreeable personal qualities

amicable

characterized by exhibiting good will

amity

friendship; peaceful harmony

amorous

inclined to love, esp. sexual love

enamored

inflamed with love; charmed; captivated

inamorata

a female lover

ambient

moving about freely; circulating

amphibian

a person or thing having a twofold nature

ambulatory

of, pertaining to, or capable of walking

perambulator

one who makes a tour of inspection on foot

preamble

an introductory statement (to walk in front)

equanimity

mental or emotional stability, especially under tension

magnanimous

generous in forgiving an insult or injury

annals

a record of events, esp. a yearly record

annuity

a specified income payable at stated intervals

perennial

lasting for an indefinite amount of time

antebellum

before the war, esp. the American Civil War

antecedent

existing, being, or going before

antedate

precede in time

antediluvian

belonging to the period before the biblical flood; very old or old-fashioned

anterior

placed before; underside of a body

androgen

any substance that promotes masculine characteristics

androgynous

being both male and female

android

robot; mechanical man

anthropocentric

regarding humanity as the central fact of the universe

anthropology

the science that deals with the origins of humankind

misanthrope

one who hates humans or humanity

philanderer

one who carries on flirtations

antipathy

aversion

antipodal

on the opposite side of the globe

antiseptic

free from germs; particularly neat or clean

apocalypse

revelation; discovery; disclosure

apocryphal

of doubtful authorship or authenticity

apogee

the highest or most distant point

apostasy

a total desertion of one's religion, principles, party, cause, etc.

apostle

one who is sent forth to share a message

anarchy

a state or society without government or law

oligarchy

a state or society ruled by a select group

ardent

burning; fierce; passionate

ardor

flame; passion

arson

the crime of setting property on fire

autocrat

an absolute ruler

autonomy

independence or freedom

belie

to misrepresent; to contradict

belittle

to make small; to make something appear smaller

bemoan

to moan for; to lament

bewilder

to confuse completely; to make one mentally wander

belle

a beautiful woman

embellish

to make beautiful; to ornament

belligerant

warlike, given to waging war

rebel

a person who resists authority, control, or tradition

benediction

act of uttering a blessing

benefit

anything advantageous to a person or thing

benevolent

desiring to do good to others

benign

having a kindly disposition; harmless

biennial

happening every two years

bilateral

pertaining to or affecting both sides

bipartisan

representing two parties

bona fide

in good faith; without fraud

brevet

an honorary promotion with no additional pay

brevioloquent

laconic; concise in one's speech

brevity

shortness

bursar

treasurer

bursary

treasury

disburse

to pay

reimburse

to pay back

decadent

decaying; deteriorating; moral degeneration or decay; turpitude

recidivist

one who repeatedly relapses, as into crime

accent

prominence of a syllable in terms of pronunciation

incentive

that which incites action

recant

to withdraw or disavow a statement

capital

the city or town that is the official seat of government

capitol

the building in which a government gathers; "the capitol building"

capitulate

to surrender unconditionally or on stipulated terms

disciple

one who is a pupil of the doctrines of another

precipice

a cliff with a vertical face

precipitate

to hasten the occurrence of; to bring about prematurely

emancipate

to free from restraint

precipient

having perception; discerning; discriminating

precept

a commandment or direction given as a rule of conduct

susceptible

capable of receiving, admitting, undergoing, or being affected by something

concord

agreement; peace amity

concordance

agreement, concord, harmony

discord

lack of harmony between persons or things

encourage

to inspire with spirit or confidence

carnage

the slaughter of a great number of peole

incarnation

a being invested with a bodily form

reincarnation

rebirth of a soul in a new body

cast

to throw, hurl, or fling

caste

a hereditary social group, limited to people of the same rank

castigate

to punish in order to correct

chaste

free from obsenity; decent

chastise

to discipline, esp. by corporal punishment

a/an

not, without

ab

off, away from, apart, down

able/ible

capable of, worthy of

ac/acr

sharp; bitter; sour

act/ag

to do; to drive; to force; to lead

acou

hearing

ad

to; toward; near

al/ali/alter

other; another

am

love

ambi/amphi

both; on both sides; around

ambl/ambul

to go; to walk

anim

of the life; mind; soul; breath

annui/enni

year

ant/ante

before

anthro/andr

man; human

anti

against; opposite

apo

away

aqua/aque

water

arch/archi/archy

chief; principal; ruler

ard

to burn

auto

self

be

about; to make; to surround; to affect;

bel/bell

beautiful OR war

ben/bene

good

bi/bin

two

bon/boun

good; generous

brev/brid

short; small

burs

purse; money

cad/cid

to fall; to happen by chance

cant/cent/chant

to sing

cap/capit/cipit

head; headlong

cap/cip/cept

to take; to get

card/cord/cour

heart

carn

flesh

cast/chast

to cut

caus/caut

to burn

caustic

burning or corrosive

cauterize

to burn or deaden

cautery

an instrument used for branding; branding

holocaust

a burnt offering; complete destruction by fire or other means

ced/ceed/cess

to go; to yield; to stop

accede

to yield to a demand; to enter office

antecedent

existing, being, or going before

cessation

a temporary or complete discontinuance

concede

to acknowledge as true, just, or proper; admit

incessant

without stopping

predecessor

one who comes before another in an office, position, etc

celer/

speed

celerity

speed; quickness

centr/

center


centrist

of or pertaining to moderate political or social ideas

concentrate

to bring to a common center; to converge, to direct toward one point

concentric

having a common center, as in circles or spheres

eccentric

off center

cern/cert/cret/crim/crit

to separate, to judge, to distinguish, to decide

ascertain

to make sure of; to determine

certitude

freedom from doubt

criterion

a standard of judgement or criticism

discreet

judicious in one's conduct of speech, esp. with regard to maintaining silence about something of a delicate nature

discrete

detached from others; separate

hypocrite

a person who pretends to have beliefs that he does not

CHROM

color

chromosome

genetic material that can be studied by coloring it with dyes

CHRON

time


anachronism

something that is out-of-date or belonging to the wrong time

chronic

constant; habitual

chronology

the sequential order in which past events occurred

chronometer

a highly accurate clock or watch

synchronize

to occur at the same time or agree in time

CIRCU/CIRCUM

around

circuit

a line around an area; a racecourse; the path traveled by electrical current

circuitous

roundabout; indirect

circumspect

cautious; watching all sides

CIS

to cut

exorcise

to seek to expel an evil spirit by ceremony

incision

a cut, gash, or notch

incisive

penetrating, cutting

CLA/CLO/CLU

to shut; to close

cloister

a courtyard bordered with covered walks, esp. in a religious institution

preclude

to prevent the presence, existence, or occurrence of

CLAIM/CLAM

to shout; to cry out

clamor

a loud uproar

disclaim

to deny interest in or connection with

exclaim

to cry out or speak suddenly and vehemently

proclaim

to announce or declare in an official way

reclaim

to claim or demand the return of an right or possession

CLI

to lean toward

disinclination

aversion; distaste

proclivity

inclination; bias

CO/COL/COM/CON

with; together

commensurate

suitable in measure, proportionate

conciliate

to placate; to win over

COGN/CONN

to know

cognition

the process of knowing

incognito

with one's name or identity concealed

CONTRA/CONTRO/COUNTER

against

countermand

to retract an order

CORP/CORS

body

corporation

a company legally treated as an individual

corps

a body of troops

corpse

a dead body

corpulent

obese; having a lot of flesh

COSM

order; universe; world

cosmetic

improving the appearance by making it look better ordered

cosmic

relating to the universe

cosmology

a theory of the universe as a whole

cosmopolitan

worldly

cosmos

the universe; an orderly system; order

microcosm

a small system that reflects a larger whole

COUR/CUR

running; a course

curriculum

the regular course of study

cursory

going rapidly over something; hasty; superficial

excursion

a short journey or trip

incursion

a hostile entrance into a place, esp. suddenly

recur

to happen again

CRE/CRESC/CRET

to grow

accretion

an increase by natural growth

accrue

to be added as a matter of periodic gain

excrescence

an outgrowth

increment

something added or gained; an addition or increase

CRED

to believe; to trust

credentials

anything that provides the basis for belief

credit

trustworthiness

credo

any formula of belief

credulity

willingness to believe or trust too readily

incredible

unbelievable

CRYPT

hidden

apocryphal

of doubtful authorship or authenticity

crypt

a subterranean chamber or vault

cryptography

procedures of making and using secret writing

cryptology

the science of interpreting secret writings, codes, ciphers, and the like

CUB/CUMB

to lie down

cubicle

any small space or compartment that is partitioned off

incumbent

holding an indicated position

recumbent

lying down; reclining; leaning

succumb

to give away to superior force; yield

CULP

fault; blame

culpable

deserving blame or censure

culprit

person guilty of an offense

inculpate

to charge with fault

mea culpa

through my fault; my fault

DAC/DOC

to teach

didactic

intended for instruction

docile

easily managed or handled; tractable

doctrine

a particular principle advocated, as of a government or religion

indoctrinate

to imbue a person with learning

DE

away; off; down; completely; reversal

deferential

respectful; to yield to judgement

delineate

to trace the outline of; sketch or trace in outline

DELE

to erase

indelible

impossible to erase; lasting

DEM

people

democracy

government by the people

endemic

peculiar to a particular people or locality

pandemic

general; universal

DEXT

right hand; right side; deft

dexter

on the right

dexterity

deftness; androitness

DI

day

diary

a record of one's days

dismal

gloomy (from bad days)

diurnal

daily

meridian

from north pole to south pole; the highest point reached by the sun; noon

quotidian

everyday; ordinary

DI/DIA

in two; through; across

dichotomy

division into two parts, kinds, etc.

DI/DIF/DIS

away from; apart; reversal; not

diffuse

to pour out and spread, as in a fluid

dilate

to make wider or larger; to cause to expand

dilatory

inclined to delay or procrastinate

disperse

to drive off or send off in various directions

promulgate

disseminate

dissipate

to scatter wastefully

DIC/DICT/DIT

to say; to tell; to use words

interdict

to forbid; prohibit

DIGN

worth

condign

well deserved; fitting; adequate

deign

to think fit or in accordance with one's dignity

dignitary

a person who holds a high rank or office

dignity

nobility or elevation of character; worthiness

disdain

to look upon or treat with contept

DOG/DOX

opinion

dogma

a system of tenets, as of a church

orthodox

sound or correct in opinion or doctrine

paradox

an opinion or statement contrary to accepted opinion

DOL

to suffer; to pain; to grieve

doleful

sorrowful; mournful

dolorous

full of pain or sorrow; grievous

indolence

a state of being lazy or slothful

DON/DOT/DOW

to give

DORM

sleep

DORS

back

endorse

to sign on the back; to vouch for (have one's back)

DUB

doubt

dubiety

doubtfulness

dubious

doutful

indubitable

unquestionable

DUC/DUCT

to lead

abduct

to carry off or lead away

conducive

contributive; helpful

induce

to lead or move by influence

DULC

sweet

dulcet

sweet; pleasing

dulcified

sweetened; softened

dulcimer

a musical instrument

DUR

hard; lasting

dour

sullen; gloomy (originally: hard, obstinate)

duress

compulsion by threat, coercion

obdurate

stubborn; resistant to persuasion

DYS

faulty; abnormal

dyspepsia

impaired digestion

dystrophy

faulty or inadequate nutrition or develompent

E/EX

out; out of; from; former; completely

efface

to rub or wipe out; surpass, eclipse

extricate

to disentagle; release

EGO

self

egoism/egotism

selfishness; self-absorption

EM/EN

in; into

EPI

upon

epidemic

affecting a large number of people at the same time and spreading from person to person

epigram

a witty or pointed saying tersely experessed

epilogue

a concluding part added to a literary work

epithet

a word or phrase added to-or replacing-a name, a to describe or insult its bearer

EQU

equal; even

adequate

equal to the requirement or occasion

equation

the act of making equal

iniquity

gross injustice; wickedness

ERR

to wander

arrant

notorious; downright (originally: wandering)

err

to go astray in thought or belief; to be mistaken

erratic

deviating from the proper or usual course in conduct

ESCE

becoming

convalescent

recovering from illness

incandescent

glowing with heat; shining

obsolescent

becoming obsolete

reminiscent

reminding or suggestive of

EU

good; well

eugenics

improvement of qualities of race by control of inherited characteristics

eulogy

speech or writing in praise or commendation

euphemism

a pleasant-sounding term for something unpleasant

euphony

pleasantness of sound

euthanasia

killing a person painlessly, usually one who has an incurable, painful disease

EXTRA

outside, beyond

extract

to take out; obtain against a person's will

extradite

to hand over to the state where the crime was committed

extrapolate

to estimate (unknown facts or values) from known data

extrasensory

derived by means other than known senses

FAB/FAM

to speak

affable

friendly; courteous

defame

to attach the good name of

fable

fictional tale, esp. legendary

ineffable

too great for description in words; that which must not be uttered

FAC/FIC/FIG/FAIT/FEIT/FY

to do; to make

effigy

a sculpture or model of a person

faction

a small dissenting group within a larger one, esp. in politics

ratify

to confirm or accept by formal consent

FAL

to err; to deceive

default

to fail

fallacy

a flawed arguement

faux pas

a false step; a social gaffe

infallible

incapable of being wrong or being deceived

FATU

foolish

fatuity

foolishness; stupidity

fatuous

foolish; stupid

infatuated

swept up in a fit of passion, impairing one's reason

FER

to bring; to carry; to bear

confer

to grant; bestow

proffer

to offer

referendum

to vote on a political question open to the entire electorate

FERV

to boil; to bubble

effervescent

with the quality of giving off bubbles of gas

fervid

ardent; intense

fervor

passion; zeal

FI/FID

faith; trust

affidavit

a written statement on oath

fidelity

faithfulness; loyalty

fiduciary

of a trust; held or given in trust

FIN

end

FLAGR/FLAM

to burn

conflagration

a large, destructive fire

flagrant

blatant; scandalous

flambeau

a lighted torch

inflame

to set on fire

FLECT/FEX

to bend; to turn

genuflect

to bend one knee, esp. in worship

inflect

to change or very the pitch of

FLU/FLUX

to flow

confluence

merging into one

effluence

flowing out of (light, electricity, etc.)

mellifluous

pleasing; musical

FORE

before

forestall

to prevent by advance action

FORT

chance

fortuitous

happening by luck

FORT

strength

forte

strong point; something a person does well

fortissimo

very loud

FRA/FRAC/FRAG/FRING

to break

fractious

irritable; peevish

refractory

stubborn; unmanageable; rebellious

FUG

to flee; to fly

fugue

a musical composition in which subsequent parts imitate or pursue the first part; a psychological state in which one flies from one's own identity

subterfuge

a deception used to avoid a confrontation

FULG

to shine

effulgent

shining forth

refulgent

radiant; shining

FUM

smoke

FUS

to pour

diffuse

to spread widely or thinly

fusillade

continuous discharge of firearms or outburst of criticism

profuse

lavish; extravagant; copious

suffuse

to spread throughout or over from within

GEN

birth; creation; race; kind

carcinogenic

producing cancer

congenital

existing or as such from birth

GN/GNO

to know

agnostic

one who believes that the existence of God is not provable

ignoramus

a person lacking knowledge; uninformed

prognosis

to forecast, especially of disease

GRAD/GRESS

to step

digress

to depart from the main subject

egress

going out; the way out

regress

to move backward

GRAM/GRAPH

to write; to draw

epigram

a short poem; a pointed statement

GRAT

pleasing

gratuity

money given for good service

ingratiate

to bring oneself into favor

GRAG

flock

aggregate

a number of things considered as a collective whole

egregious

remarkably bad; standing out from the crowd

gregarious

sociable; enjoying spending time with others

HAP

by chance

haphazard

at random

hapless

without luck

happily

through good fortune

happy

pleased, as by good fortune

mishap

an unlucky accident

perhaps

a qualifier suggesting something might or might not take place

HEMI

half

hemisphere

a half sphere; half of the earth

hemistich

half line of poetry

HER/HES

to stick

adherent

able to adhere; believer or advocate of a particular thing

coherent

logically consistent; having waves in phase and of one wavelength

HETERO/ETERO

different; other

heterodox

different from the acknowledged standard; holding unorthodox opinions or doctrines

heterogeneous

of other origin; not originating in the body

HOL

whole

catholic

universal

holocaust

a burnt offering; complete destruction by fire or other means

hologram

a sort of three-dimensional image

holograph

a document written entirely by the person whose name it's in

holistic

considering something as a unified whole

HOM/OM

same

anomaly

deviation from the common rule

homonym

one of two or more words spelled and pronounced alike but different in meaning

HUM

earth

exhume

unearth

humble

down-to-earth

HYPER

over; excessive

hyperbole

purposeful exaggeration for effect

HYPO

under; beneath; less than

hypochondriac

one affected by extreme depression of mind or spirits, often centered on imaginary physical ailments

hypocritical

pretending to have beliefs one does not

hypodermic

relating to the parts beneath the skin

ICON

image; ido;

icon

a symbolic picture; a statue; something seen as representative of a culture or movement

iconic

being representative of a culture or movement

iconoclast

one who attacks established beliefs; one who tears down images

iconology

symbolism

IDIO

one's own

idiom

a language, dialect, or style of speaking particular to a people

idiosyncrasy

peculiarity of temperament; eccentricity

idiot

an utterly stupid person

IN/IM

in; into

implicit

not expressly stated; implied

IN/IM

not; without

indigent

deficient in what is requisite

indolence

showing a disposition to avoid exertion; slothful

innocuous

not harmful or injurious

INTER

between; among

interim

a temporary or provisional arrangement

interloper

one who intrudes in the domain of others

intersperse

to scatter here and there

INTRA

inside;within

intramural

within a school; inside a city

IT/ITER

way; journey

ambition

strong desire to achieve (from "going around" for votes)

itinerant

traveling

itinerary

travel plans

JECT

to throw; to throw down

abject

utterly hopeless, humiliating, or wretched

conjecture

formation of opinion on incomplete information

JOC

joke

jocose

given to joking; playful

jocular

in a joking manner; funny

jocund

merry; cheerful

JOIN/JUG/JUNCT

to meet; to join

conjugal

related to marriage

injuction

a command; an act of enjoining

junta

a group of military officers who join together to run a country; a council

rejoinder

a reply; retort

subjugate

to make subservient; to place under a yoke

JOUR

day

adjourn

to close a meeting; to put off further proceedings for another day

journal

a record of one's days

journey

a trip (originally: a day's travel)

JUD

to judge

adjudicate

to act as a judge

judiciary

a system of courts; members of a court system

JUR

law; to swear

abjure

to renounce an oath

adjure

to beg or command

jurisprudence

a system of law; knowledge of law

perjury

willfully lying while on oath

JUV

young

juvenilia

writings or art produced in one's youth

LANG/LING

tongue

LAUD

praise; honor

cum laude

with honors

laudable

praiseworthy

laudatory

expressing praise

LAV/LAU/LU

to wash

ablution

act of cleansing

andediluvian

before the biblical flood; extremely old

deluge

a great flood of water

lavatory

a room with equipment for washing hands and face

LAX/LEAS/LES

loose

lax

loose; undisciplined

LEC/LEG/LEX

to read; to speak

lectern

a reading desk

lexicographer

a writer of dictionaries

lexicon

a dictionary

LECT/LEG

to select; to choose

predilection

preference; liking

LEV

to lift; to rise; light(weight)

alleviate

to make easier to endure; lessen

levee

embankment against river flooding (rising water)

levity

humor; frivolity; gaiety; to raise spirits

LI/LIG

to tie; to bind

LIBER

free

libertine

one who follows one's own path, without regard for morals or other restrictions

livery

a uniform; an emblem indicating an owner or manufacturer; an allowance of food or other provisions given to servants

LITH

stone

acrolith

a statue with a stone head and limbs (but a wooden body)

lithography

a printing process that originally involved writing on a flat stone

lithology

the study of rocks and stones

lithotomy

an operation to remove stones from the body

megalith

a very big stone

monolith

a single block of stone, often shaped into a monument

LOC/LOG/LOQU

word; speech; thought

colloquial

of ordinary or familiar conversation

elocution

the art of clear and expressive speaking

grandiloquent

pompous or inflated in language

loquacious

talkative

LUC/LUM/LUS

light (brightness)

illustrious

highly distinguished

lackluster

lacking brilliance or radiance

lucid

easily understood; intelligible

translucent

permitting light to pass thorugh

LUD/LUS

to play

allude

to refer casually or indirectly

delude

to mislead the mind or judgement of; deceive

prelude

a preliminary to an action, event, etc.

MACRO

great, long

macro

broad; large; a single computer command that executes a longer set of commands

macrobiotics

a system intended to prolong life

macrocephalous

having a large head

macrocosm

the universe; a large system that is reflected in at least one of its subsets

macroscopic

large enough to be visible to the naked eye

MAG/MAJ/MAX

big; great

magnanimous

generous in forgiving an insult or injury

magnate

a powerful or influential person

maxim

an expression of general truth or principle

MAL/MALE

bad; ill; evil; wrong

maladroit

clumsy; tactless

malapropism

humorous misuse of a word

malediction

a curse

malfeasance

misconduct or wrongdoing often committed by a public official

malign

to speak harmful untruths about; to slander

MAN/MANU

hand

emancipate

to free from bondage

manifest

readily perceived by the eye or the understanding

MAND/MEND

to command; to order; to entrust

command

to order; an order; control

commend

to give something over to the care of another; to praise

countermand

to retract an order

demand

to strongly ask for; to claim; to require

mandatory

commanded; required

recommend

to praise and suggest the use of; to advise

remand

to send back

MEDI

middle

immediate

having nothing in between

intermediate

in the middle

medievil

relating to the Middle Ages

mediocre

neither good nor bad; so-so

medium

size between large and small; a substance or agency that things travel through (light through air, news through television or newspapers, etc.)

MEGA

large; great

megalith

a very big stone

megalomania

a mental condition involving delusions of greatness; an obsession with doing great things

megalopolis

a very large city

megaton

explosive power equal to 1,000 tons of TNT

MICRO

very small

microbe

very small organism

microcosm

a small system that reflects a larger whole

micron

a millionth of a meter

MIN

small


OR


to project; to hang over

diminish

to lessen

diminution

the act or process of diminishing

minutiae

small or trivial details


eminent

towering above others; projecting

imminent

about to occur; impending

preeminent

superior to or notable above all others

prominent

projecting outward

MIS

bad; wrong; to hate

misadventure

bad luck; an unlucky accident

misanthrope

one who hates people or humanity

mischance

bad luck; an unlucky accident

misconstrue

to take something in a way that wasn't intended; to understand something incorrectly

misfit

somebody or something that doesn't fit in

MIS/MIT

to send

emissary

a messenger or agent sent to represent the interests of another

remission

a lessening of intensity or degree

remit

to send money

MISC

mixed

miscellaneous

made up of a variety of parts or ingredients

promiscuous

consisting of diverse and unrelated parts or individuals; indiscriminate

MOB/MOM/MOT/MOV

to move

mob

Latin: mobile vulgus




"the movable crowd"

motive

what moves a person to do something; a reason for action

motor

a device that makes something move

MOLL

soft

emollient

something that softens or soothes (e.g., lotion)

mollify

soothe; soften; calm

mollusk

a phylum of invertebrate animals-including octopuses, squids, oysters, clams, and slugs-with soft bodies

MON/MONIT

to remind; to warn

admonish

to counsel against something; caution

monitor

one that admonishes, cautions, or reminds

monument

a structure, such as a building, tower, or sculpture, erected as a memorial

premonition

forewarning; presentimentr

remonstrate

to say or plead in protest, objection, or reproof

summon

to call together, convene

MON/MONO

one

monarchy

rule by a single person

monk

a man in a religious order living apart from society (originally: a religious hermit)

monochord

a musical instrument with a single string

monogram

a design combining multiple letters into one

monograph

a scholarly study of a single subject

monomania

an obsession with a single subject

monotonous

spoken using only one tone; boring

MOR/MORT

death

morbid

susceptible to preoccupation with unwholesome matters

moribund

dying; decaying

MORPH

shape

amorphous

without definite form; lacking a specific shape

anthropomorphism

attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena

metamorphosis

a transformation, as by magic or sorcery

MULT

many

multiplex

having many parts; a movie theater or other building with many separate units

multitudinous

very many; containing very many; having very many forms

MUT

to change

commute

to substitute; exchange; interchange

immutable

unchangeable; invariable

mutation

the process of being changed

permutation

a complete change; a transformation

transmute

to change from one form into another

NAT/NAS/NAI/GNA

birth

cognate

related by blood; having a common ancestor

naive

lacking worldliness and sophistication; artless

nascent

starting to develop

renaissance

rebirth, esp. referring to culture

NAU/NAV

ship; sailor

nave

the central portion of a church (which resembles the shape of a ship

NIHIL

nothing; none

annihilate

to wipe out; to reduce to nothing

nihilism

denial of all moral beliefs; denial that existence has any meaning

NOC/NOX

harm

innocent

uncorrupted by evil, malice, or wrongdoing

innocuous

not harmful or injurious

noxious

injurious or harmful to health or morals

obnoxious

highly disagreeable or offensive

NOCT/NOX

night

equinox

one of two times in a year when day and night are equal in length

noctambulant

walking at night; sleepwalking

nocturnal

related to the night; active at night

nocturne

a dreamlike piece of music; a painting set at night

NOM/NYM/NOUN/NOWN

name


acronym

a word formed from the initial letters of a name

nominal

existing in name only; negligible

NON

not

nonentity

something that doesn't exist; something that is unimportant

nonpareil

something with no equal

NOUNC/NUNC

to announce

renounce

to give up, especially by formal announcement

NOV/NEO/NOU

new

innovate

to begin or introduce something new

neologism

a newly coined word, phrase, or expression

neophyte

a beginner; a new convert; a new worker

neoplasm

a new growth in the body; a tumor

nouveau riche

one who has lately become rich

renovate

to restore to an earlier condition

NULL

nothing

annul

to cancel; to make into nothing

nullify

to cancel; to make into nothing

nullity

the condition of being nothing

OB

toward; to; against; over

corpulent

obese

obfuscate

to render indistinct or dim; darken

oblique

having a slanting or sloping direction

obsequious

overly submissive

obstinate

stubbornly adhering to an idea, inflexible

obstreperous

noisily defiant; unruly

obtuse

not sharp, pointed, or acute in any form

OMNI

all

omnibus

an anthology of works of one author or of writings on related subjects

omnipotent

all powerful

omnipresent

everywhere at one time

omniscient

having infinite knowledge

ONER

burden

exonerate

to free from blame (originally: to free from a burden)

onerous

burdensome; difficult

onus

a burden; a responsibility

OSS/OSTE

bone

ossify

to become bone; to harden; to become callous

ossuary

a place where bones are kept; a charnel house

osteopathy

a medical system based on the belief that many illnesses can be traced to issues in the skeletal system

PAC/PEAC

peace

appease

to bring peace to

pact

a formal agreement, as between nations

PALP

to feel

palpable

capable of being felt; tangible

palpate

to feel; to examine by feeling

palpitate

to beat quickly, as the heart; to throb

PAN/PANT

all; everyone

pandemic

widespread; general; universal

panegyric

formal or elaborate praise at an assembly

panoply

a wide-ranging and impressive array or display

pantheon

a public building containing tombs or memorials of the illustrious dead of a nation

PAR

equal

apartheid

any system or caste that separates people according to race, etc.

disparage

to belittle, speak disrespectfully about

disparate

essentially different

par

an equality in value or standing

parity

equally, as in amount, status, or character

PARA

next to; beside

parable

a short, allegorical story designed to illustrate a moral lesson or religious principle

paragon

a model of excellence

paranoid

suffering from a baseless distrust of others

parody

to imitate for purposes of satire

PAS/PAT/PATH

feeling; suffering; disease

compassion

a feeling of deep sympathy for someone struck by misfortune, accompanied by a desire to alleviate suffering

dispassionate

devoid of personal feeling or bias

empathy

the identification with the feelings or thoughts of others

impassive

showing or feeling no emotion

pathogenic

causing disease

sociopath

a person whose behavior is antisocial and who lacks a sense of moral responsibility

sympathy

harmony or agreement in feelings

PAU/PO/POV/PU

few; little; poor

impoverish

to deplete

paucity

smallness of quantity; scarcity; scantiness

pauper

a person without any personal means of support

puerile

childish; immature

pusillanimous

lacking courage or resolution

PEC

money

impecunious

having no money; penniless

peculation

embezzlement

pecuniary

relating to money

PED

child; education


OR


foot

pedagogue

a teacher

pedant

one who displays learning ostentatiously

antipodes

places that are diametrically opposite each other on the globe

impede

to retard progress by means of obstacles or hindrances

pedestrian

a person who travels on foot

PEN/PENE

almost


peninsula

"almost an island"

penultimate

second-to-last

penumbra

a shaded area between pure shadow and pure light

PEN/PUN

to pay; to compensate

penal

of or pertaining to punishment, as for crimes

penitent

contrite;feeling or expressing remorse; affected by guilt

PEND/PENS

to hang; to weigh; to pay

appendage

a limb or other subsidiary part that diverges from the central structure

PER

completely

perfunctory

performed merely as routine duty

perspicacious

shrewd; astute

pertinacious

resolute; persistent

PERI

around

peripatetic

walking or traveling about; itinerant

periscope

an optical instrument for seeing objects in an obstructed field of vision

PET/PIT

to go; to seek; to strive

centripetal

moving toward the center

impetuous

characterized by sudden or rash action or emotion

petulant

showing sudden irritation, esp. over some annoyance

PHIL

love

bibliophile

one who loves or collects books

philatelist

one who loves or collects postage stamps

philology

the study of literary texts to establish their authenticity and determine their meaning

philosophy

the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct

PHON

sound


euphony

the quality of sounding good

phonetics

the study of the sounds used in speech

polyphony

the use of simultaneous melodic lines to produce harmonies in musical compositions

telephonic

a device for transmitting sound at a distance

PLAC

to please

implacable

unable to be pleased

PLE/PLEN

to fill; full

plenitude

fullness

plethora

excess; overabundance

replete

abundantly supplied

PLEX/PLIC/PLY

to fold, twist, tangle, or bend

duplicity

deceitfulness in speech or conduct; double-dealing

supplicate

to make humble and earnest entreaty

POLY

many

polyandry

the practice of having multiple husbands

polygamy

the practice of having multiple wives

polyglot

someone who speaks many languages

deportment

conduct, behavior

disport

to divert or amuse oneself

importune

to urge or press with excessive persistence

post facto

after the fact

posterity

future generations

potation

drinking; a drink

precocious

unusually advanced or mature in mental development or talent

profuse

spending or giving freely

propound

to set forth for consideration

proselytize

to convert or attempt to recruit

provident

having or showing foresight

approbation

praise; consideration

opprobrium

the disgrace incurred by shameful conduct

probity

honesty; high-mindedness

reprobate

a depraved or wicked person

pseudopod

a part of a single-celled organism that can stick out and be used as a foot

impugn

to challenge as false

pugnacious

to quarrel or fight readily

repugnant

objectionable or offensive

compunction

a feeling of uneasiness for doing wrong

punctilious

strict or exact in the observance of formalities

pungent

caustic or sharply expressive

pyrosis

heartburn

quadrille

a square dance involving four couples

perquisite

gratuity; tip

querulous

full of complaints

quinquennial

a five-year period; a fifth anniversary

quintessence

the essential part of something (originally: the "fifth essence," which was believed to permeate everything and be what stars and planets were made of)

deracinate

to uproot

readicate

to uproot; to wipe out

radical

pertaining to roots; questioning everything, even basic beliefs; going to root causes; thorough

ramification

a branch; an offshoot; a collection of branches; a consequence

ramiform

branchlike

rectitude

moral uprightness; moral straightness

interregnum

a period between kings

regent

one who rules on behalf of a king; one who rules

regicide

killing a king; one who kills a king

derision

the act of mockery

risible

causing laughter

abrogate

to abolish by formal means

arrogate

to claim unwarrantably or presumptuously

rubella

German measles; a disease marked by red spots

rubric

a rule; a guide for scoring tests; a heading in a book set in red letters

russet

reddish-brown; a coarse cloth, usually reddish-brown; a type of apple or pear, typically reddish-brown

rudiments

first principles; imperfect first step of one's training

execrable

abominable

insipid

tasteless

sagacious

perceptive; discerning; insightful

sapient

wise; sage

savant

a learned person

desultory

at random, unmethodical

exult

to show or feel triumphant joy

insolent

boldly rude or disrespectful

salient

prominent or conspicuous

salubrious

healthful; salutary

sanitarium

a place of healing

consanguinity

being related to blood

sanguinary

bloody; bloodthirsty

sanguine

hopeful; confident (from the "sanguine humor," which was believed to be associated with those traits)

sate

to fill

prescient

having knowledge of things before they happen

unconscionable

unscrupulous

proscribe

to condemn as harmful or odious

sedition

incitement or discontent or rebellion against a government

seduce

to lead astray

sequester

to remove or withdraw into solitude or retirement

non sequitur

an inference or a conclusion that does not follow from the premise

obsequious

fawning

suite

a series; a set (originally: a train of followers)

SED/SESS/SID

to sit; to settle

assiduous

diligent; persistent; hard working (literally "sitting down" to business)

dissident

disagreeing, as in opinion or attitude (litterally, "sitting apart")

inisdious

intended to entrap or beguile; lying in wait to entrap

session

a meeting at which people sit together in discussion

SEM

seed; to sow


disseminate

to spread; to scatter around