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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Backup
Backup
Making copies of files with the aim of having extra copies of the files in case the originals get lost or become damaged for one or another reason.
Byte
Byte
Each single character we store, such as ‘4’ or ‘A’ or ‘%’, takes up space.
Cloud computing
Cloud computing
A general term that refers to the sharing and use of resources and applications offered as services over the internet.
Cloud storage
Cloud storage
The online storage of files.
EULA
EULA
A legally binding contract between a user and a software company. It describes what one may and may not do with the software.
File attribute
File attribute
A property of a file that can be set. The most common are the Hidden and Read-Only.
File extension
File extension
A set of characters (usually 3-5) added to the end of a file name that identifies the type of file, e.g. docx is a Word file.
File property
File property
The basic information about a file such as its name, size and date modified.
Formatting (a disk)
Formatting (a disk)
Preparing a disk to store data. Most disks are pre-formatted. It will erase all the data that is on the disk.
Fragmentation
Fragmentation
The more you use your computer, the more the files (and parts of files) get scattered on the disk. The more scattered the files’ parts are, the slower your computer becomes, as the files take longer to retrieve.
Geo-tagging
Geo-tagging
Process whereby the location (in terms of latitude and longitude co-ordinates) at which a photo was taken by a digital camera, is stored in the metadata of the file.
Hidden (attribute)
Hidden (attribute)
A file attribute that indicates if a file is visible or not. The only difference between a hidden file and a visible file, is that a hidden file will by default not appear in the list of files and folders you see in File Explorer.
Metadata
Metadata
Additional data stored about a file that describes the contents of the file, such as the author and title of the file.
Multitasking
Multitasking
The ability of an operating system to load and process multiple tasks or processes at the same time.
Multi-user operating system
Multi-user operating system
An operating system that allows multiple users to access a computer system at the same time. It is often used in networks where the same single operating system deals with multiple users that are simultaneously logged on.
Online storage
Online storage
Disk space that is allocated to you on a server on the internet. Accessible wherever you can log into the server.
Patch
Patch
Downloadable update to an operating system – especially one that fixes bugs or security vulnerabilities.
Path
Path
The succession of folders, starting from the drive letter and separated by \ , that lead to the location of a specific file, e.g. U:\Documents\Finance\2019
PDF
PDF
A file format used to distribute document files, as it does not require the program in which the document was created in order for it to be read. You just need a free utility program called Adobe Reader to read it.
Plain text file
Plain text file
A text file that contains lines of plain text with no formatting. The file extension .txt is associated with text files.
Platform
Platform
A type of operating system, e.g. Linux, Android, Windows.
Plug-and-play
Plug-and-play
A series of technologies where the operating system automatically detects and configures a device that has been plugged into the computer, so that the device can be used almost immediately.
Program files
Program files
Actual programs, not data files, that run (execute) when opened. They normally have a .com or .exe file extension.
Read-only
Read-only
A file attribute that indicates if a file is read only or not. A read-only file cannot be modified and saved under the same name within the same folder.
Rich Text Format (rtf)
Rich Text Format (rtf)
A file format that supports text formatting such as bold, font sizes, tab settings and even images. Widely used and supported by most word processors.
Single-user Licence
Single-user Licence
A licence under which you may only install one copy of the software. You may not install it on other computers.
Single-user operating system
Single-user operating system
An operating system that can only be used by a single user at a time.
Site licence
Site licence
A licence agreement that allows a company or organisation an unrestricted number of installations of the software within the company or organisation.
Soft copy
Soft copy
Visual output on a computer screen (as opposed to hard copy – output on paper).
Task Manager
Task Manager
Provides information about the computer’s performance and applications and processes. Most often used to end non-responding tasks or programs.
Tooltip
Tooltip
A tip or information that pops up when you rest the pointer on an icon or object.
Update (of software)
Update (of software)
Either the latest fix for bugs in the current version of the software, or the addition of new, additional features to the software.
Upgrade (of software)
Upgrade (of software)
A new version of the software, which means installing a new program with major changes / new features. It usually have to be paid for.
Access control
Access control
The operating system asks for your permission before any software can be installed. The purpose is to try to make it impossible for malware to be installed on your computer without your knowledge.
Algorithm
Algorithm
Step-by-step solution used to solve a problem (used in programming).
Application software
Application software
A group of programs that perform specific tasks for us as users, for example word processing programs.
Archiving (files)
Archiving (files)
Making copies of files, where the copies are not meant to be accessed regularly but are kept for reference when needed.
Beta software
Preliminary (pre-sale) versions of software, released by developers to be tested by the general public. Programmers try to fix all the reported errors before the final version of the software is released.
Bug (software)
Bug (software)
Mistake made by accident when the programmers wrote the software. (Not a virus.)
Clipboard
Clipboard
Area in memory (RAM) where copied or moved objects – both text and graphics – are temporarily stored. They are kept there until they are pasted somewhere (or until the program is closed or the computer is shut down).
Defragmentation
Defrag-mentation

You are using a utility to recover fragmented files. The utility that recovers the files will rearrange the particles of the files scattered across the disk and 'reassemble' each file so that they can be loaded faster from the storage medium.

Disk Cleanup
Disk Cleanup
A utility that can be used to make more storage space available by deleting unnecessary files.
Disk scanner
Disk scanner
A utility that comes with all operating systems. It can be used to check a drive for errors and bad sectors on the disk, and try to fix them.
Downward / backward compatibility
Downward / backward compatibility
Ability of software to open and use files created in previous (or older) versions of the software.
Driver
Driver
Software that allows a computer to communicate with hardware or devices. The operating system comes with a large set of this programs, and in general it is installed automatically.
Linux
Linux
An open source operating system.
OCR
OCR
Converts text in an image into editable text.
Open source software (OSS)
Open source software (OSS)
Software that may be freely used, modified and distributed. It may, however, not be sold.
Operating system
Operating system
System software that controls all activities that take place in a computer. Examples include the Windows range, Linux, macOS, iOS and Android.
Proprietary software
Proprietary software
It is software that is licensed, so users may only use the software under certain conditions. They may not change it or distribute it.
Scheduler
Scheduler
A program that is used to run certain programs at specific times.
Service Pack
Service Pack
A collection of all the previous software updates for the last period of time (6 months to a year). It is meant to help people who are behind in their updates fix their software all at once. It's pretty much a thing of the past. Most software companies create software so that it will regularly check for updates and then automatically download and install those updates.
Speech recognition
Speech recognition
Software that ‘listens’ to what you say and ‘understands’ it as a command or turns it into text (instead of the user typing the text).
Subscription-based software
Subscription-based software
Software where the user pays a monthly or yearly subscription for the use of the software, e.g. Office 365.
System software
System software
Software that is intended to control, support or operate the computer.
Utility programs
Utility programs
System software used to help the user to perform maintenance tasks related to managing a computer.
Virtual Assistant
Virtual Assistant
Software that allows you to speak to your phone (or tablet) and have it ‘understand’ and respond to what you say, e.g. ‘turn off the lights’.
Voice recognition software
Voice recognition software
Software that allows the computer to ‘understand’ you when you talk to it. There are two basic categories: giving the computer commands and dictating text, and the so-called ‘virtual assistants’.