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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

social interaction

the process by which people act and react in relation to others


a social position that a person holds

status set

all the statuses a person holds at a given time

ascribed status

a social position a person receives at birth or takes on involuntarily later in life

master status

a status that has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person's entire life


behaviour expected of someone who holds a particular status

role set

a number of roles attached to a single status

role conflict

conflict among the roles connected to two or more statuses

role strain

tension among the roles connected to a single status

social construction of reality

the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction

Thomas theorem

W.I. Thomas's statement that situations defined as real are real in their consequences


Harold Garfinkel's term for the study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings

dramaturgical analysis

Erving Goffman's term for the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance

presentation of self

Erving Goffman's term for a person's efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others

nonverbal communication

communication using body movements, gestures, and facial expressions rather than speech

personal space

the surrounding area over which a person makes some claim to privacy

achieved status

a social position that a person takes on voluntary that reflects personal ability and effort