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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Who was Erving Goffman and what did he study?

6th most cited author in the humanities in 2007; Symbolic Interactionist

Studied Dramaturgical Approach

("front stage" social setting vs. "backstage" private setting)

Define "impression management."

Conscious or subconscious process in which people attempt to influence the perceptions of other people about a person, object, or event by regulating and controlling information in social interaction.

Define "gender roles."

Social roles assigned to each sex and labeled as masculine or feminine.

List the Stages of Cognitive Development; who developed it?

Sensorimotor Stage - Dominated by perception and touch (age 0-4mo)

Preoperational Stage - Basic modes of logical thought (age 2-7)

Concrete Operational Stage - Thinking based on perception of world (age 7-11)

Formal Operational Stage - Capable of abstract and hypothetical thoughts (11-15)

Jean Piaget

Define "cognition."

Human thought processes involving perception, reasoning, and remembering. (Children select/interpret what they see, hear, and feel)

Define the "generalized other;" who's theory is this in concept of?

The individual comes to understand the general values of a given group of society during the socialization process.

G. H. Mead

Define "self-consciousness."

Awareness of one's distinct social identity as a person separate from others acquired through socialization - seeing yourself as others see you.

What is the "Theory of Self?" Who came up with it?

The self, the part of one's personality composed of self-awareness and self image, emerges through social interaction.

G. H. Mead

What is the "social self?" Who came up with it?

The basis of self-consciousness in human individuals; the identity conferred upon an individual by the reactions of others.

G. H. Mead

What is "self-identity?"

The ongoing process of self-development and definition of our personal identity through which we formulate a unique sense of ourselves and our relationship to the world around us.

(I am a distinct individual)

What is "mass media?"

Forms of communication such as newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the internet designed to reach mass audiences

A friendship group composed of individuals of similar age and social status is an example of what?

Peer group

Groups or social contexts within which processes of socialization take place are examples of what?

Agents of socialization

The social processes through which children develop and awareness of social norms and values and achieve a distinct sense of self is what?


The process whereby individuals in the same physical setting demonstrate to one another that they are aware of each other's presence is what?

Civil Inattention

A meeting between two or more people in situations of face to face interaction that results in focused interaction is what?

An encounter.

The physical space individuals maintain between themselves and others is what?

Personal space

The study of how people make sense of what others say and do in the course of day to day social interaction is what?


The deliberate subversion of the tacit rules of conversation

Interactional Vandalism