• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
President Millard Fillmore
Sent Matthew Perry to Japan to open trade with Japan.
Secretary of State William Seward
An eager expansionist, he was the energetic supporter of the Alaskan purchase and negotiator of the deal
Frederick Jackson Turner
United States historian who stressed the role of the western frontier in American history (1861-1951)
Captain Alfred T. Mahan
American Sea Captain. Argued U.S. must increase foreign trade. Thus needs overseas ports to protect merchant ships. Therfore U.S. must expand, take over foreign territory to acquire ports.
Queen Liliuokalani Hawaii
Kalakaua's sister. She wished to restore the monarchy in Hawaii, but was overthrown by the US when we decided to annex them.
William Randolph Hearst
Yellow Journalist who ran the New York Journal. He is notorious for the quote, "You furnish the pictures, I'll furnish the war."
The US declared on Spain in 1898 because of Yellow Journalism and because they were trying to colonize independent nations which went against the Monroe Doctrine. The U.S. defeated Spain.
In 1900, a Chinese group called "Boxers", rebelled and attacked foreigners.
Commodore George Dewey
American commander of Pacific Fleet. When war breaks out with Spain (1898) secretly sails ships to Philippines (a Spanish colony) and destroys Spanish fleet at Manila Harbor.
Emilio Aguinaldo
Filipino nationalist who led forces against the U.S. until 1901 when they realized that the U.S. would not grant the Philippines their independence.
Theodore "Teddy" Roosevellt
•Roosevelt: 26th President of the United States; hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama Canal was built during his administration
William Gorgas
United States physician and 22nd Surgeon General of the U.S. Army
Arrival of Perry in Japan
Perry arrived in Japan with warships. Japan told them to come back later. They did 1 year later and signed a Treaty with Japan. (Treaty of Kanagawa)
American Purchase of Alaska
William Seward bought Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million in 1867.
Overthrow of Queen of Hawaii
Growers overthrew Queen Liluokalani of Hawaii. Hawaii asked the US to annex, and we refused.
Annexation of Hawaii
On July 7th, 1898, the U.S. congress voted to make Hawaii a territory of the United States.
Boxer Rebellion
The Boxer Rebellion was an uprising led by the Chinese Boxer movement in 1900 against Westerners and those under their influence as a consequence of and reaction against Gunboat Diplomacy.
Sinking of USS Marine
A US ship blew up on Havana's Harbor to protect American lives and property. Te explosion was blamed on Spain although we don't know what really know what caused it.
Spanish American War
War fought in 1898 to help Cuba gain its independence from Spain.
Treaty of Paris
•The Treaty of Paris of 1898 was signed on December 10, 1898, and ended the Spanish-American War.
Revolt in Panama
When the US took control of the Philippines, many Filipinos felt betrayed. Emilio Aguinaldo led a revolt for independence.
Japan had been an isolated country, until Commodore Perry sent warships into Tokyo Bay. The Japanese signed a treaty for them to open for trade.
Alaska was purchased by the US in 1867. People thought that it was a frozen wasteland and it was known as "Sewards Folly/icebox". Valuable discoveries of gold on Alaska led to Klondike and Alaska gold rush.
Alaska was a colony in Russia until we bought it for $7.2 million .
The US, Britain and Germany wanted possession of Samoa. After a Typhoon struck, and prevented war, the US split Samoa with Germany.
Wealthy American Plantation owners overthrow the Queen in 1893 with the help of U.S. marines. U.S. annexed Hawaii in 1898.
The US was granted Guam from Spain when we signed the Treaty of Paris to end the Spanish-American war.
Wake Island
The Wake Islands were islands that belonged to Spain.
The US gained control of the Philippine islands with help from Emilio Aguinaldo.
Cubans and rose up against Spain and their reconcentration camps. They called on US to oust Spain from Cuba.
Puerto Rico
US was given Puerto Rico when the Treaty of Paris was signed.
Panama was owned by Colombia. US tried to cut a deal with Columbia to build the Panama Canal. They refused. We encouraged Panama to revolt, and they did!
Panama Canal
A ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
Isolation (ism)
Foreign policy of having little or nothing to do with other nations.
policy of when a powerful, stronger nation seeks to take control of the economic and political affairs of weaker nations or a region. Often leads to colonies. Examples- Europe in Africa; U.S. and Philippines
"Seward Folly"
Critical name given to Secretary of State, William Seward's 1867 purchase of Alaska for $7.2 million from Russia. People believed it to be a worthless "icebox" until gold was discovered in 1897, later oil in 1968.
"Manifest Destiny"
•Belief of the government of the United States that it was destined to rule the continent from coast to coast.
Sphere of Influence
an area, usually around a seaport, where a nation had special trading privileges and laws to protect their citizens. See China.
Open Door Policy
1899- Policy proposed by U.S. to allow any nation (Europe, Japan, U.S.) to be allowed to trade in any other nation's sphere of influence in China.
Members of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists, a group that led the boxer Rebellion.
Social Darwinism
•A social theory which states that the level a person rises to in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background.
"White Mans Burden"
The supposed or presumed responsibility of white people to govern and impart their culture to nonwhite people, often advanced as a justification for European colonialism.
the world of commercial activity where goods and services are bought and sold
Raw Materials

•Materials which in their natural state are of little use but, when transformed into something else, are a source of wealth or prosperity. Examples: tress changed into tables and chairs, iron changed into steel, crude oil changed into plastic.
The forced movement of large numbers of people into detention camps for military or political reasons.
Yellow Journalism
sensational style of newspaper reporting which played on peoples emotions and helped influence events. Major cause of Spanish American War.
•the domain ruled by an emperor or empress; the region over which imperial dominion is exercised
Extension of the Monroe Doctrine (1823), reserved the right of the U.S. to intervene in Latin American affairs through military force. Ex. collect debts, protect American property, suppress Civil War
•To take possession of another country by conquest or occupation.
a narrow strip of land, bordered on both sides by water, connecting two larger bodies of land.
Monroe Doctrine
The Monroe Doctrine is a United States policy that was introduced on December 2, 1823, which stated that further efforts by European countries to colonize land or interfere with states in the Americas would be viewed, by the United States of America, as acts of aggression requiring US intervention.
Roosevelt Corollary
Extension of the Monroe Doctrine (1823), reserved the right of the U.S. to intervene in Latin American affairs through military force. Ex. collect debts, protect American property, suppress Civil War
Dollar Diplomacy
Pres. W.H. Taft's plan to "substitute dollars for bullets" in Latin America. Urges American businesses to invest there to increase U.S. influence in the region.
Commodore Matthew Perry
American sea captain; sent by Pres. M. Fillmore to Japan (1853) to open trade and end their isolation. Signed Treaty of Kanagawa.