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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

If a social psychologist explained a person's observable behaviour in terms of contextual reinforcers and some unobservable influences such as beliefs, feelings and motives, they would be classified as a:

a. cognitive psychologist

b. neo-behaviourist

c. evolutionary social psychologist

d. radical behaviourist


True or False: An experiment involves the manipulation of one or more IV's


How might archival research be useful in social psychology?

Archival research is useful when large-scale phenomena occur frequently and are remote in time.

As a discipline, social psychology is closest to:

a. sociology

b. individual psychology

c. social or cultural anthropology

d. none of the above

None of the above

Which concept or approach is often highlighted as a criticism of mainstream social psychology?

a. humanistic psychology

b. social constructionism

c. positivism

d. ethogenics


Who proposed that crowds would sometimes behave badly because people were being controlled by a group mind?

a. Floyd Allport

b. Wilhelm Wundt

c. Gustav LeBon

d. John Watson

Gustav LeBon

True or False: Social psychology can be defined as the study of the structure and functioning of human society.


Leon Festinger is associated with a line of research focussing on:

a. intergroup competition

b. cognitive dissonance

c. attribution theory

d. conformity

Cognitive dissonance

What is a scientific hypothesis?

a. a scientist's first thought about the question

b. a speculation based on earlier work

c. an inspired guess

d. a testable prediction

a testable prediction

Because social psychology studies what people do in ways that can be objectively measured, we can say that it focuses on __________.


Social psychology studies:

a. the influence that people have on other people

b. social groups in action

c. individual differences in people's personalities

d. language and communication

The influence that people have on other people

Which method does social psychology use to unearth causal relationships?

a. The scientific method.

b. the observational method.

c. The correlational method.

d. The experimental method.

The experimental method

The experimenter effect can be minimised by using:

a. The double-blind technique.

b. A case study.

c. Demand characteristics.

d. The bogus pipeline technique

The double-blind technique

Survey research, archival research and case studies do not allow for:

a. Causal inferences

b. The isolation of variables

c. The support of hypotheses

d. The correlation of variables

The isolation of variables and

causal inferences

A scientific hypothesis is:

a. A statement that is true.

b. Actually an assumption.

c. A hallmark of qualitative methods.

d. A prediction about causes or about relationships between variables.

A prediction about causes or about relationships between variables.

In a scientific social psychological investigation, what is it that is formally stated and subsequently tested:

a. A research question.

b. A paradigm.

c. A hypothesis.

d. The method.

A hypothesis

What are the two broadest types of methods employed to conduct research in social psychology?

a. Top-down and bottom-up methods.

b. Experimental and observational methods.

c. Experimental and non-experimental methods.

d. Field studies and laboratory studies.

Experimental and non-experimental methods

An important feature of research in social psychology helps to avoid an outcome that is overly dependent on a certain method. What is it?

a. Internal validity.

b. Replicability.

c. Confounding.

d. External validity.


An important ethical principle in research is that when participants agree to take part they should be given sufficient information about what they are to. What is this principle concerned with?

a. respect for privacy.

b. debriefing.

c. the use or otherwise of deception.

d. informed consent

Informed consent

With ethical guideline has been prescribed to undo any potential effects of manipulation on the participant during a psychological experiment?

a. Debriefing.

b. Informed consent.

c. Deception.

d. Respect for privacy.


When the statistic derived from the t-test is larger:

a. the difference between two means is more reliable.

b. the associated probability value is larger.

c. it means the data are qualitative.

d. the correlation is higher.

The difference between the two means is more reliable.

What is a major argument underlying evolutionary social psychology?

a. It argues that social psychology evolved from sociology.

b. It argues that most, perhaps all, social behaviour is genetically determined.

c. It argues that human and animal behaviour are qualitatively different.

d. It argues that social instincts are based on myth. Behaviour is actually learned.

It argues that most, perhaps all, social behaviour is genetically determined.

A set of propositions that explains the causes of an observation or event is called a:

a. hypothesis.

b. statistical analysis.

c. paradigm.

d. theory.


An integrated set of principles or concepts that test the adequacy of a theory is called a:

a. metatheory.

b. covariation model.

c. meta-analysis.

d. schema


What does the research method known as 'deconstruction' refer to?

a. It refers to the non-critical acceptance of scientific method as the only means of gaining knowledge.

b. It refers to the simplest possible form of the experimental analysis of behaviour.

c. It refers to the idea that social processes should be so defined that they can be measured.

d. It refers to an emphasis on in-depth subjective analyses that people make quite spontaneously.

It refers to an emphasis on in-depth subjective analyses that people make quite spontaneously.