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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What does Lewin's Field Theory state?
Behavior is a function of the person and the environment. He constructed the following formula to illustrate this relationship: B =f(P,E)
Describe the Malamuth's confluence model of sexual agression
Sexual aggression stems from two major constellations: the hostile masculinity path and the promiscuous-impersonal sex path.
What does R Martin purport as important in consultation success with regard to social power?
Referent and expert power.
Describe Walter Mischel's "consistency paradox"
This theory views apparent inconsistencies in behavior as the result of an interaction between relatively stable personality dispositions, cognitive-affective processes and situational characteristics.
Describe psychological reactance theory
When people feel that their freedom is being threatened they will do something to restore that freedom (even if it is engaging in an illegal behavior)
Approach-Approach conflict
Once an individual begins to approach one positive goal the strength of the pull of the other goal decreases
Proposed by Miller and Dollard
What does Allport conclude in the "Nature of Prejudice?"
While laws do not prevent violations altogether, they do act as a restraint and can therefore break the vicous cycle of racial prejudice through legislation, the open expresson of prejudice is discouraged and eventually thoughts and attitudes fall into line. Stateways are often in advance of folkways in the American culture
What is the best technique for reducing conflict between groups?
Giving the groups a superordinate goal in which they must work together achieve.
In terms of leadership style, how are males and females judged differently?
Males and females are rated the same when having a participative leadership style. However, males were rated more favorably than females when they had an autocratic leadership style.
What are the 3 categories of adjustment in Sherir's social judgment theory?
Sherif’s social judgment theory predicts that people have “categories of judgment” by which they evaluate persuasive messages. Sheriff’s theory distinguishes between 3 categories of judgment: latitude of acceptance, latitude of non-commitment and latitude of rejection. Person is most likely to be persuaded if they are in the latitude of acceptance.
What does Berscheid and Walster’s (1974) 2-factor theory of love state?
Love is the result of physiological arousal and a label for it.
Df: Confirmation Bias
Confirmation bias is the tendency to believe and pay attention to experiences that support our views. And ignore experiences that discredit them.
Df:Self-serving bias
Self-serving bias occurs when a person attributes positive outcomes to internal factors and negative outcomes to external (situational) factors.
What is the jigsaw classroom? What other social research is it similar to/support?
In jigsaw classroom, students work together in teams in order to complete an assignment. The research has found that the jigsaw classroom helps reduce hostilities related to racial ethnic or cultural differences. This is similar to the findings by Sherif that corporation in a superordinate goal reduced hostilities between groups of boys.
Df: Script-
a cluster of knowledge about sequences of events and actions in a particular situation.
Df: Schema-
a integrated cluster of knowledge about a concept.
Research on affiliation has found that highly anxious subjects tend to prefer to wait for an experiment to begin with other highly anxious subjects
Schacter (1959) found that high anxiety subjects not only prefer to affiliate but perfer to affiliate with others in similar circumstances in other words, "misery loves miserable company."