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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Humanism Existentialism

People are free, they are defined by their actions!

One is what one does.

Structuralism

Stated that people are influenced/governed by structures.

Reaction to Humanism Existentialism.

French Structuralists

They focused on linguistic structures.

Different from American Structuralists.

Ferdinand De Sassure (French Linguistic Structuralist)

Said that a language is arbitrary because it is systematic, in that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. All languages have their own concepts and sound images. Saussure argues, languages have a relational conception of their elements: words and their meanings are defined by comparing and contrasting their meanings to one another.

Father of semiotics (study of science).

Post-Structuralism

Claimed that there is no universal truth or knowledge. Was inherently fragmented/ unstable.

Was critical of structuralism.