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8 Cards in this Set

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Cleft Lip
Opening in the lip; more often unilateral than bilateral and occur more frequently on the left side
Cleft Palate
May be part of a genetic syndrome with other anomalies; males tend to exhibit a higher frequency and greater severity of cleft lip than females, who tend to exhibit higher frequency of palatal clefts
Facial anomalies occur during
first seven to ten weeks of gestation
Cleft genetic etiological factors
Autosomal dominant inheritance (Apert syndrome, Stickler syndrome), Recessive genetic inheritance (orofacial-digital syndrome), X
Cleft Environmental etiological factors
FAS; illegal drug use; side effects of some prescriptions; rubella
Cleft Mechanical etiological factors
Intrauterine crowding; twinning; uterine tumor; amniotic ruptures
Lip surgery is done to close clefts of the lip
about 3 months old or weighs about 10 pounds
Palatal surgery is done to close the cleft(s) of palate
typically baby is 9-24 months