• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)

A mark on the skin that may indicate an injury or damage that changed the structure of tissues or organs.

A lesion

A lesion can be as simple as a _______ or as dangerous as ____ _______.

Freckle / skin cancer

A closed, Normal ly developed sac that contains fluid, pus, semifluid, or morbid matter, above or below the skin.

A Cyst

What are frequently seen in severe acne cases and require medical referral?


Any flat spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle or red spot, left after a pimple had healed.


A raised, inflamed, papule with a white or yellow center containing pus in the top of the lesion referred to as the head of the pimple.


An abnormal mass varying in size, shape, and color.


A skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.


A crack in the skin the penetrates the dermis.


A thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue.


Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes, like abnormal or excessive dandruff.


When the follicle is closed and not exposed to the environment, the sebum remains white or cream color and is a _____ _______, and appears as a small bump just under the skin surface.

Closed comedo

Aka white head

A large protruding pocket-like lesion filled with sebum.

Sebaceous cyst

A chronic condition that appears primarily on the cheeks and nose.


Excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness and requires medical referral.


An inflammatory, uncomfortable, and often chronic disease of the skin, characterized by moderate to severe inflammation, scaling, and sometimes severe itching.


A recurring viral infection that often presents as a fever blister or cold sore.

Herpes simplex

Drugs are now available to control the symptoms of the herpes simplex, but the virus always remains in the body of infected persons. True or False


Skin disease characterized by red patches covered with silver-white scales and is usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back.


Congenital hypopigmentation, or absence of melanin pigment in the body, including the skin, hair, and eyes.


Conditions characterized by hyperpigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated.


Aka liver spots

The technical term for freckles.


A skin disorder characterized by light abnormal patches; it is caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pugment-producing cells.


Known as a birthmark.


An aquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis.


A keratoma that is caused by continued, repeated pressure or friction on any part of the skin, especially the hands and feet.

A callus

If thickening of the skin grows inwards, what is it called?

A corn

A small brownish spot or blemish on the skin, ranging in color from pale tan to brown or bluish black.

A mole

Any change in a mole requires _______ attention


Hypertrophy of the papillary and epidermis.


Aka wart

Caused by a virus and is infectious, can spread from one location to another, particularly along a scratch in the skin and requires medical referral.


The most common and the least severe type of skin cancer; it is often characterized by light or pearly nodules.

Basal cell carcinoma

More serious than basal cell carcinoma, often is characterized by scaly red papules and nodules.

Squamous cell carcinoma

Most serious form of skin cancer, which is often characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised.

Malignant melanoma

What is the 'ABCDE checklist' that professionals should use to spot signs of change in existing moles according to the American Cancer Society?

A: asymmetry

B: border

C: color

D: diameter

E: evolving

Aging of the skin is a concern of almost every client over what age?


Primarily environmental factors that contribute to aging and the appearance of aging.

Extrinsic factors

Extrinsic factors are responsible for up to ____ of skin aging.


Exposure to the sun is considered an _________ factor.


What % of the symptoms of aging skin are caused by the rays of the sun?

Approximately 80% to 85%

What naturally weakens as we age?

Collagen and elastin fibers of the skin

Deep-penetrating rays that can even do through a glass window.

UVA rays

These rays weaken the collagen and elastin fibers, causing wrinkling and sagging of the tissues.

UVA rays aka aging rays

Cause sunburns, tanning of the skin, and the majority of skin cancers.

UVB rays

Aka burning rays

Shorter rays that stop penetration at the base of the epidermis.

UVB rays

Dry scaly skin with a deficiency or absence of sebum caused by aging and cold exposure.


Sun exposure should be avoided for children under what age?

6 months

The important step of taking time to keep your implements, tools, equipment, and surfaces cleaned and disinfected helps with what?

Protecting yourself and avoiding a skin problem