Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/43

Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

ARIEL

Airy spirit trappedin a pine tree for 12 years. Prosperofrees him/her. In return, Ariel livesthe next 12 in service to Prospero. Ariel has magic powers. Can be aman or a woman


CALIBAN

Half man/halfmonster. Son of the witch, Sycorax. Exiled to this island from birth. Master of the island until Prospero’s arrival12 years ago. Tried to attack Miranda,so Prospero gives him lowly tasks. Attempts to plot Prospero’s murder.


PROSPERO

Duke of Milan whosebrother betrayed him, exiling him on a boat 12 years ago. Magician with magical staff. Father of Miranda. Rules the island. Plots revenge in order to return to Milan.


MIRANDA

Prospero’sdaughter. Beautiful. 15 years old. Falls in love with Ferdinand.


BOATSWAIN

Pronounced: Bosun. Supervises the mariners on the ship.


MARINERS

Sailors. Men who work on the ship.


ALONSO

King of Naples.


Enemy to Prospero.


Father to Ferdinand.


SEBASTIAN

Brother to Alonso,King of Naples


ANTONIO

Dukeof Milan.


Brother to Prospero.


He engineered Prospero’s exile 12 years ago.


GONZALO

Wise old councilorto Antonio.


Friend to Prospero when hewas the Duke.


He snuck clothing, food,water, and books of magic onto the boat before Prospero was set adrift on the ocean.


FERDINAND

Son of Alonso, Kingof Naples.


He is sad because he thinkshis father died in the tempest and that he is now the king.


Falls in love with Miranda.


TRINCULO

Jester. His job is to entertain the royalty. He is funny! Socially inferior.


STEPHANO

The butler. He serves the king. He washes up on the island on a wine barreland proceeds to drink too much. Not the smartest guy around. Comic character.


Act I, Sc. i

Onboard a ship carrying King Alonso of Naples and his associates, a boatswaindirects the crew to fight a great storm, but the ship is destined to sink.


ACT I, Sc. ii

Prosperoexplains to his daughter, Miranda, how he used magic to create the storm. He also reveals how they came to be on thatisland. He then charms Miranda to sleep and summons Ariel for his/her report onthe tempest. Miranda awakens, and sheand Prospero visit Caliban. Miranda and Ferdinand see each other and fall inlove instantly.


ACT II, Sc. i

KingAlonso and his associates wander the island in search of Ferdinand. Ariel charms them all to sleep, exceptAntonio and Sebastian. Antonio persuadesSebastian to kill the King and Gonzalo, and take the throne of Naples.


ACT II, Sc. ii

Trinculowanders into the scene and finds Caliban hiding under a cloak. Trinculo climbs under the cloak to takeshelter from the storm. Stephano, drunk,finds them both and shares his wine with them. Caliban swears to be a loyal servant to Stephano.


ACT III, Sc. i

Ferdinandis visited by Miranda. Prospero observesthem, unseen, as they exchange marriage vows and clasp hands.


ACT III, Sc. ii

Trinculoand Caliban quarrel, and Stephano takes Caliban’s side. Ariel, invisible, imitates Trinculo’s voiceand accuses Caliban of lying. Calibancalls Prospero a tyrant and urges Stephano to kill Prospero. Stephano and Triculo join Caliban infollowing the music Ariel plays to lead them astray.


ACT III, Sc. iii

KingAlonso and his party are visited by strange shapes at a banquet. When they try to eat the food at the banquet,Ariel appears as a Harpy and makes the food and drink vanish. The Harpy accuses them of taking Prospero’sdukedom and threatens them with a fate worse than death. The men leave in a desperate state.


ACT IV, Sc. i

Prosperoreleases Ferdinand and gives him Miranda as his bride. The spirits perform a dance for Miranda. Prospero remembers the threat posed byCaliban and stops the celebration. Hejoins Ariel in driving off Caliban, Stephano and Trinculo with spiritsdisguised as dogs.


ACT V, Sc. i

Prosperoreveals himself to Alonso and his associates. He declares that he will give up his magic. Alonso restores Prospero to the dukedom ofMilan and Prospero reunites Alonso with his son, Ferdinand. Ariel arrives with the boatswain and all aresoon joined by Caliban, Stephano and Trinculo. Prospero gives Ariel her freedom.


When was Shakespeare born?

We’re not sure exactly,but we think he was born on April 23, 1564. The custom then was to baptize a child 3 days after it was born. Shakespeare was baptized on April 26, 1564,so it is safe to assume that his birthday is the 23rd. Strangely enough, he died on the very sameday – April 23 – in 1616.


Where was Shakespeare born?

Stratford-upon-Avon

Shakespearewrote during what time period?

The Elizabethan Era – also known as The Renaissance.

WasShakespeare married?


Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway at the age of 18. Anne was 26!

DIDSHAKESPEARE HAVE CHILDREN?


He had 3 children: daughter Susanna and twins, Judith and Hamnet.

WHATIS THE NAME OF HIS THEATRE COMPANY?

Originally called the Lord Chamberlain’s men. Later called the King’s Men. Why? Because a theatre company needed a sponsor and would name their company for the sponsor.

WHATIS THE NAME OF THE THEATRE IN WHICH SHAKESPEARE’S PLAYS WERE PERFORMED?


The Globe Theatre

WHOPLAYED THE FEMALE ROLES IN SHAKESPEARE’S PLAYS?


Women were not permitted on the stage. Therefore, boys with no facial hair and unchanged voices played the female roles.

HOW MANY SONNETS AND PLAYS DID SHAKESPEARE WRITE?

He wrote 154 sonnets and 37 plays.

Whenwere his plays published?


His plays were not published until after he died. Shakespeare did not want his plays published. They were meant to be PERFORMED – heard and seen ONLY!

What does Shakespeare look like?


This is what we think he looks like, but there is much argument and speculation and no one knows for sure.

Why is Shakespeare called “The Bard?”

The word"bard" is an ancient Gaelic term meaning "poet." Inmedieval England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, bards were traveling poets whoperformed stories in exchange for money. Shakespeare is called The Bard because he isconsidered the greatest poet the world has ever known.


DID SHAKESPEARE INVENT WORDS?

Yes – about 1,700words and phrases!


WORDS: Accused, Addiction, Advertising, Amazement, Arouse, Assassination, Bandit, Bedroom, Beached, Blanket, Bump, Cater, Champion, Countless, Epileptic, Fixture, Flawed, Generous, Hint, Lonely, Mimic, Negotiate, Obscene, Premeditated, Rant, Puke




PHRASES:good riddance, haven't slept a wink, too much of a goodthing, laughingstock, fair play, eyesore, zany, heart of gold, flesh and blood, budge an inch, deadas a doornail, devil incarnate, a sorry sight, hoodwinked, full circle, elbowroom, all that glitters is not gold…


What is an iamb?


An iamb looks like this: u /


An iamb is a way to stress syllables.


In this case, the u indicates an unstressed syllable and the / indicates a stressed syllable – like in the word “about.”

WHAT IS IAMBIC PENTAMETER?

u / u / u / u / u /


A series of 5 iambs.


WHAT IS IAMBIC TETRAMETER?

u / u / u / u /


A series of 4 iambs, such as “I pledgeallegiance to the flag.”


ACT 1

Exposition. We meet thecharacters in the play (also called dramatis personae), and time andplace are established. We learn about the action that took place before theplay begins and we understand the main conflict and dramatic tensions of theplay.


ACT 2

Development. The course of action becomes morecomplicated and the relationships and plot develop. Interests clash, intriguesare spawned, events accelerate in a definite direction. Tension mounts, andmomentum builds up.

ACT 3

The Climax of Action. The development of conflictreaches its high point, the Hero stands at the crossroads, leading to victoryor defeat, crashing or soaring.

ACT 4

Falling Action(alsocalled Denouement). Reversals. The consequences of Act 3 play out, momentumslows, and tension is heightened by false hopes/fears. If it's a tragedy, itlooks like the Hero can be saved. If not, then it looks like all may be lost.

ACT 5

Conclusion. The conflict isresolved, whether through a catastrophe, the downfall of the hero, or throughhis victory and transfiguration.