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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
litofacation is the process of making what?
A rock
what type of rock forms from fragments of pre existing rock produced by mechanical weathering?
clastic sedimentary rocks
what type of rock is formed from the ions released by chemical weathering?
Chemical sedimentary rock
in clastic sedimentary rocks what is most important?
grain size determines what type of clastic sedimentary rock it is..
gravel, sand, silt, clay..

T or F
The farther a rock moves from it source the more what it becomes?
smaller and round
most sedimentary rocks dont have the same size grain T or F
Smaller grain sizes settle first in moving water T or F
FALSE, larger grain sizes settle first.
Larger grains are closer or farther from their source?
Lithofacation is the process of converting sediment to rock T or F
Disolved ions in the water provide the glue also know as?
If a rock is angular it is?
Breccia or Conglomerate?
If a rock is rounded it is?
Breccia or Conglomerate?
where are breccia (angular) rocks found?
Closer or Farther from their source?
where are Conglomerate (rounded) rocks found? Closer or Farther away from their source?
Farther Away
Feldspars have good breakage, also know as
if a rock is nothing but quartz it has traveled a Long or Short distance?
Long Distance
Feldspars weather quickly or over long periods of time?
Fissle means, hard to break or easily broken into layers
Easily broken into layers
Clay minerals are produced by what type of weathering?
chemical weathering
Clay is a clastic sedimentary rock T or F?
the process of layering in shale is called?
What type of weathering makes the ocean salty?
Chemical weathering
How do we get dissolved ions out of water and into minerals and rocks?
a) bacteria, animals, plants
b) evaporate the water
c) chemical reaction in the water
d) all of the above
d) all of the above can get the ions out of the water and into minerals and rocks
Living things make a solid out of Ions
T or F
Limestone is not the most abundant chemical sedimentary rock
T or F
False, it is the most abundant chemical sedimentary rock
peat is not a sedimentary rock
T or F
False, it is considered a sedimentary rock
plants grow with carbon monoxide but produce what?