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84 Cards in this Set

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Abrasion

scrape of the skin due to something abrasive

Abscess

Accumulation of pus underneath the skin

Antipyretic

Medication used to reduce a fever

Acute

New, usually rapid onset and of concern - opposite of chronic

Afebrile

Without a fever (less than 100.4)

Anterior

Located towards front of body

Appendicitis

Dangerous infection of the appendix

Auscultation

Listening to sounds arising within organs (like the lungs)

Benign

Normal, of no danger to health

Bradycardia

Slow heart-rate (less than 60 bpm)

Bronchitis

Infection of the bronchi (upper airway)

Bronchiolitis

Infection of the bronchioles (smaller air-tubes in the lungs)

Catheter

Tube inserted into vessels or body cavities to permit injection or withdrawal of fluids or to keep a passage open

Chronic

Long-standing, constant. Opposite of acute

Cellulitis

Infection of the skin cells

Conjunctivitis

Infection of the outer layer of the eye

Dialysis

Process of removing waste from the blood for people with renal failure

Diaphoresis

Sweating

Diffuse

Spread out (not localized)

Distal

Farther from the trunk of the body

Dyspnea

Difficulty breathing

Dysuria

Painful urination

Ecchymosis

A bruise

-ectomy (suffix)

Surgical removal

Edema

Swelling

Emesis

Vomiting

Epilepsy

Seizure disorder

Epistaxis

Nose bleed

Erytheme/Erythematous

Redness/Red

Exudates (tonsillar)

Pus-pockets on the tonsils

Febrile

The state of having a fever (over 100.4)

Grossly

Obviously; a lot; wholly

Hematemesis

Gross amounts of blood in the vomit

Hematuria

Blood in the urine

Hemoptysis

Coughing up gross amounts of blood

Hemorrhage

Excessive or profuse bleeding

Hepatomegaly

Enlarged lier

Hernia

Protrusion of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it

Hyperlipidemia

High cholesterol

Hypertension

High blood pressure

Hypotension

Low blood pressure

Hypoxia

Low oxygen saturation of the body; not enough oxygen in the blood

ICD-10

A system to classify and code diagnoses, symptoms, procedures

Infarct

Area of dead tissue after a lack of blood supply

Inferior

Lower on the body; farther from the head

Ischemia

Lack of blood supply

-itis (suffix)

inflammation

Laceration

Splitting of the skin due to trauma (a cut due to something sharp)

Lateral

Farther from the midline (a line that can be traced from nose to belly-button)

Lethargic

Septic, very sick, about to die

Medial

Nearer to the midline

Meningitis

Dangerous infection of the outer lining of the brain

Otitis Externa

Infection of the outer ear (ear canal)

Otitis Media

Infection of inner ear (behind the eardrum)

Melena

Black tarry stool

Myalgia

Muscular pain, "muscle aches"

Pallor

Pale skin

Palpation

Examine by touch

Palpitation

To beat rapidly, irregularly, or forcibly (usually relating to the heart)

Peritoneal signs

Guarding/Rebound/Rigidity; PE findings indicating a rupture in the abdomen

Pharyngitis

Throat infection

Pneumonia

Bacterial infection of the lungs

Posterior/Dorsal

Rear or backside of the body

Prone

Body position laying flat, face down

Proximal

Nearer to the trunk of the body

Pulmonary

Relating to the lungs

Purulence/Purulent

Pus/Pus-like

Rales

Crackles; wet crackling noise in lungs

Rhinorrhea

Clear nasal discharge, "runny nose"

Rhonchi

Rattling noise of mucous in the lungs

-scopy (suffix)

Viewing with a scope

Sepsis

Dangerous infection of the blood

Sinusitis

Infection/inflammation of the nasal sinuses

Small Bowel Obstruction

Physical blockage of the small intestines

Streptococcal Pharyngitis

Strep Throat

Superior

Higher on the body, nearer to the head

Supine

Body position lying face up

Syncope

"Passing out", loss of consciousness or fainting

Tachycardia

Fast heart rate (over 100 bpm)

Trismus

Inability to open the jaw due to pain

Tachypnea

Increased breathing rate

Ulcerations

Blisters or open-sores

Vertigo

Room-spinning dizziness (not light-headed)

Wheezing

High pitched sound heard in the lungs with asthmatics or lung disease