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31 Cards in this Set

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A column of the Periodic Table Of Elements is called a what?

A Family or group.

A row of the Periodic Table Of Elements is called a what?

A Period.

What is another name for Atomic Notation?

Nuclear Symbol.

What should you remember when creating the standard atomic notation?

Atomic Mass on top. Atomic Number on bottom.

How do you determine the number of electrons and protons in an atom?

Look at the Atomic Number.

How do you determine the number of neutrons in an atom?

You subtract the Atomic Mass from the Atomic Number.




(mass-#)

What are the electrons in the outer energy level called?

Valence Electrons.

What are Lewis Dot Diagrams used for?

They are used to illustrate only the valence electrons for the atom.

What is group 1 called?

Alkali Metals.

What is group 2 called?

Alkaline Earth Metals.

What is group 3-12 called?

Transition Metals.

What is group 17 called?

Halogens.

What is group 18 called?

Noble Gasses/Inert Gasses.

Where are the Metalloids located?

On the staircase with the exception of Aluminum.

Where are the Metals located?

On the left of the staircase. (with the exception of Hydrogen)

Where are the Non-Metals located?

On the right of the staircase.

What are the Roman Numerals for 1-6?

1 - I


2 - II


3 - III


4 - IV


5 - V


6 - VI

What are the two types of bonding?

Ionic and Covalent.

What are the prefixes for Covalent Compounds?

1 - Mono 2 - Di


3 - Tri 4 - Tetra


5 - Penta 6 - Hexa


7 - Hepta 8 - Octa


9 - Nona 10 - Deca

What should you remember when writing a balanced equation?

When an element is on its own, use HOFBrINCl.

What is IUPAC naming? What is Systematic naming?

IUPAC: Copper II Chloride


SYTEMATIC: Selenium Monobromide

What is the difference between covalent and ionic compounds?

Covalent: Non-Metal + Non-Metal


Ionic: Metal + Metal/Non-Metal

What does EXOthermic mean?

The reaction gives off heat and requires energy only to start, not to continue.

What does ENDOthermic mean?

The reaction requires constant inputs of energy.

What is a Neutralization Reaction?

A Neutralization Reaction is an:




ACID + BASE -> SALT + WATER

How do you test for Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Carbon Dioxide?

Hydrogen: Use a burning splint, listen for a pop.

Oxygen: Use a glowing splint, it will glow brighter.


Carbon Dioxide: Use a burning splint, it will extinguish.


What are the five types of reactions?

Synthesis, Decomposition, Single displacement, Double displacement, and Combustion.

What is special about Acid compounds?

They usually start with H.

What is special about Base compounds?

They have OH in them.

What does it mean if a PH level is low?

It is more acidic.

What does it mean if a PH level is high?

It is more basic.