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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the science that include the study of living things?
What is the study of people and places around the world?
What is the study of living things and their distribution around the world?
What two factors do scientists use to group environments into biomes?
1) similar climates
2) similar ecological communities
What is the average weather in a particular place over a long period of time called?
Which biome has a climate that is very cold and dry?
Most coniferous trees are also known as...
Swamp-like areas in coniferous forest biome are sometimes called...
Warblers, gray jay, and crossbills are birds which most likely would be found in a...
coniferous forest
Which land biome has more varied plant life than any other biome?
tropical rainforest
A grassland with scattered trees is called a...
The yearly rainfall in a desert is less than...
Which biome would be most likely to contain plants with fleshy water-storing stems?
Which biome usually contains orchids, ferns, and other plants that live on the branches of trees?
tropical rainforest
The permanently frozen fround beneath the surface of the tundra is known as...
Most of the eastern United States is a _______________ biome.
deciduous forest
The top layer of a forest is called a...
Micropscopic plants known as ___________________ are found near the surface of marine biomes.
The two water biomes are the marine biome and the __________ biome.
A lichen is a combination of an alga and a ______ growing together.
Musk oxen, lichens, and lemmings would be found in a...
Oaks, maples, beeches, and hickories are usually found in a ___________________.
deciduous forest
Winter temperatures may drop below freezing in a ______.
How does the soil in a confierous forest biome differ from the soil in a deciduous forest biome? (2)
deciduous forest biome soil more fertile than coniferous forest biome soild b/c...
- leaves fall and decay in deciduous forest return nutrients to the soil
- more animals and plants live in deciduous forest so more things to die and return nutrients
Biogeography (3)
- study of distribution of plants and animals throughout the world
a. many animals rely on certain plants for food, other animals rely on those animals
b. temp & precip affect what types of plants grow and where they grow
Dispersal (5)
movement of living things form one place to another
- land
- water
- wind
- animals/humans (purpose/accidental)
Barriers (10)
- anything that separates things from each other
- may prevent dispersal

- water(oceans)
- valleys
- mountains
- beaver built dam
man made
- walls
- dams
- borders
- large highways
Tundra (6)
- cold
- dry
- ferns, mosses, lichen
- musk oxen, arctic fox
- Alaska & north of coniferous forest
- permafrost & acid rain
Coniferous (6)
- cold-moderate
- not much precip
- evergreen:douglar fir, spruce, pine
- wolf, moose, elk, lynx
- Canada & some NJ
- soil isnt very fertile
Deciduous (7)
- hot summer, cold winter
- moderate precip
- oak, maples, beech, hickory
- rabbits, deer, squirrel
- Eastern US, Europe, Asia
- soil fertile
- some animals hiberate in winter
Tropical Rainforest (6)
- hot, humid
- lots of precip
- caco plant, giant bamboo, rafflesia arnoldii
- orangutan, chimpanzee, king cobra, toco tocaun
- Central&South America, Africa, Australia, Asia
- 1/2 of world's species in tropical rainforest
- moderate temp
- dry
- grass
- elephant, bison, zebra, antelope, lion, snake
- central Asia, coast of Australia, north&south America, Africa
- bison have thick coats that shed off in winter
Desert (6)
- hot during day, freezing during night
- desert grass, cactus, mesquite, aloe vera
- coyotes, lizard, scorpion, camel
- Sahara, Gobi, near equator
- animals come out during night when cooler
Marine (5)
- moderate temp
- rainy
- seaweed, phytoplankton, seagrass
- clam, lobster, sea horse, starfish, whale
- around world
Freshwater (6)
- temp depends where
- moderate rainfall
- water banana, water lily, marsh grass
- pond snails, dragonfly, goldfish, frogs, worms, shellfish
- moving&still freshwater