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26 Cards in this Set

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What are the 4 most General classification ? ( In order least to most )

Kingdom /Phylum/Class/Order

What are the 3 specific classification ? ( In order least to most )

Family / Genus/ Species

Cell

The smallest unit capable of carrying out a function required for life.

Protists

Unicellular organism ( only one cell)


Ex. Bacteria, algae

Organelle

Structures w/n a cell that preform specific function

Eukaryotes

Contains anucleus and other organelles


( plant and animal cell)

Prokaryotes

Lack a nucleus and other organelles ( ex. Bacteria )

Nucleus

Contains all information needed for directing all activities and making proteins

Nuclear membrane

Separate the nucleus from the rest of the cell

Chromosome

Found in nucleus and made of two identical strands of DNA wrapped around protein

Centrioles

Guide the split chromosomes to opposite side

Cytoplasm

Jelly like material the Nucleus sits in

Cell membrane

What separate everything in the cell from the environment

Endoplasmic reticulum

Transport molecules throughout the cell

DNA

Carries genetic code for the production of proteins

Golgi bodies

Package and distribute protein

Mitochondria

Convert oxygen and sugar by products into cellular chemical energy (ATP), water , and carbon dioxide

Photosynthesis

Conversion of light energy into chemical energy

Chloroplasts

Contains chlorophyll that Convert carbon dioxide and water into food particles like sugar

Vacuoles

Storage for water and sugar during photosynthesis

An organism that can produce its own food

Autotroph

Organism that cant produce its own food

Heterotrophs

Equation of cellular respiration

Glucose + oxygen ----yields---> carbon dioxide + water + energy

What two cycles constitute cellular respiration?

Krebs cycle and glycolysis

Equation for photosynthesis

Carbon dioxide + water + sunlight ----yields ---> glucose + oxygen

Steps of the scientific method

Ask a question / research/ make an hypothesis/ test hypothesis/ analyze data and draw conclusion/ communicate result or revamp hypothesis