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110 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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FABRICATION (n)

a lie; something made up

His alibi turned out to be a fabrication as the witness claimed to have seen him near the scene of the murder.

FACETIOUS (adj)

humorous; not serious; clumsily humorous

His facetious words about the teacher sent him to the principle's office.

FACILE (adj)

fluent; skillful in a superficial way; easy

He was a facile speaker who could speak on any subjects with little preparation.

FACTION (n)

a group, usually a small part of a larger group, united around some cause; disagreement within an organization

The different views of how to manage the financial crisis broke the republicans into different factions.

FARCICAL (adj)

absurd; ludicrous

His farcical attempt to pull out the man's beard off was unsuccessful.

FASTIDIOUS (adj)

meticulous; demanding; finicky


세심

The fastidious man cleaned his room almost every day; dust did not seem to be present in his house.

FATALIST (n)

someone who believes that future events are already determined and that humans are powerless to change them

The man, a fatalist, did not worry about his future because he thought his future was already determined.

FAUNA (n)

animals

Arctic fauna have thick furs to keep them warm from the cold climate.

FECUND (adj)

fertile; productive

The inventor's imagination was so fecund that ideas of different inventions popped out of him every minute.

FELICITY (n)

happiness; skillfulness, especially at expressing things; adeptness

The man wrote his novels with great felicity; you could feel the characters' emotions protruding out when reading his novels.

FERVOR (n)

great warmth or earnestness; ardor; zeal

The civilian expressed fervor by giving out free pizzas to the homeless.

FETTER (v)

to restrain; to hamper

His well being was fettered with his disrespectful attitude toward his teachers.

FIDELITY (n)

faithfulness; loyalty

Although the soldier was clumsy at shooting, his fidelity to the country was never questioned.

FIGURATIVE (adj)

based on figure of speech; expressing something in terms usually used for something else; metaphorical

His used figurative language in his essay to metaphorically address how the man was so fast he seemed to be cheetah.

FINESSE (n)

skillful maneuvering; subtlety; craftiness

The technician removed the viruses on the computer with finesse.

FLAGRANT (adj)

glaringly bad; notorious; scandalous

The flagrant male celebrity was known for having many affairs with different women at the same time.

FLAUNT (v)

to show off; to display ostentatiously

He flaunted his new car to his friends, which made them annoyed.

FLOUT (v)

to disregard something out of disrespect

The driver flouted traffic laws and eventually hit a pedestrian.

FOIBLE (n)

a minor character flaw

He recognized his foibles and worked hard to change it into a positive characteristic.

FOMENT (v)

to stir up; to instigate

The rumor that the politicians were planning to run away during the war fomented angry riots.

FORBEAR (v)


FORBORE (v)

to refrain from; to abstain

He forbore punching the teacher's nose, even thought the teacher insulted him using harsh words.

FOREGO (v)

to do without; to frobear

We tried to forego the chocolate cake, but it looked so good that impossible not to eat it.

FORSAKE (v)

to abandon; to renounce; to relinquish

He tried to forsake his life working for NASA, but other jobs simply did not fit him.

FORTUITOUS (adj)

accidental; occurring by chance

Surprisingly, many inventions are based from fortuitous discoveries, such as the light bulb.

FOUNDER (v)

to fail; to collapse; to sink

The politician's career was foundered when it was revealed that he had once beat up his wife severely.

FRATERNAL (adj)

like brothers

The fraternal friends understood each other with great degree and rarely fought.

FRENETIC (adj)

frantic; frenzied

The frenetic bear, after being shot, charged toward the hunters with great speed.

FRUGAL (adj)



economical; penny-pinching; 구두쇠적인

The man was so frugal that he even hesitate when buying water.

FURTIVE (adj)

secretive; sly

The furtive burglars did not even leave a footprint after robbing the bank during the night.

FUTILE (adj)

useless; hopeless

The effort to make a rescue sign was futile; no boats or airplanes were seen the last three months.

GARRULOUS (adj)

talkative; chatty

The garrulous man talked for more than two hours.

GAUCHE (adj)

unskillful; awkward; maladroit

Although Sam made several gauche attempts to fit with the poplar crowd, he eventually got stuck with the group of nerds.

GENRE (n)

a type of category, especially of art or writing

Genres such as fiction is very popular among the teenagers.

GENTEEL (adj)

refined; polite; aristocratic; affecting refinement

He was too genteel to accept free food from his teacher.

GESTICULATE (v)

to make gestures, especially when speaking or in place of speaking

The host gesticulated wildly at the crowd to get their attention.

GLUT (n)

surplus; an overabundance

After we finished the project, we were left with a glut of plastic so we decided to do another project.

GRANDILOQUENT (adj)

pompous; using a lot of big fancy words in an attempt to sound impressive

His grandiloquent speech amazed the crowd but not the reporters, who described the speech as "a cake only covered with fancy frosting."

GRANDIOSE (adj)

absurdly exaggerated

No one believed the man's grandiose story of him beating up a bear with his bear hands.

GRATUITOUS (adj)

given freely (said of something bad); unjustified; unprovoked; uncalled for

No one believed his gratuitous accusations of Mark stealing his wallet.

GRAVITY (n)

seriousness

He did not understand the gravity of the situation and continued laughing uncontrollably.

GREGARIOUS (adj)

sociable; enjoying the company of others

Jake was so gregarious that he could not eat without having a person beside him.

GUILE (n)

cunning; duplicity; artfulness

The man used his guile, not his intelligence, to win the quiz; he cheated.

HACKNEYED (adj)

overused; trite; stale

His speech was full of hackneyed phrases which made it repetitive and boring.

HAPLESS (adj)

unlucky

As he missed the lottery by a single digit, he fight extremely hapless.

HARBINGER (n)

forerunner; a signal of

The change in mom's tone of voice is the harbinger of anger.

HEDONISM (n)

the pursuit of pleasure as a way of life

His life of hedonism came to an end when his lottery winnings ran out.

HEGEMONY (n)

leadership, especially of one nation over another

America seems to have an invisible hegemony over other countries.

HERESY (n)

any belief that is strongly opposed to established beliefs

Galileo was tried in court for the heresy of suggesting that the Earth orbits around the sun.

HERMETIC (adj)

impervious to external influence; airtight

The hermetic glass cylinder did not let any of the contents out.

HEYDAY (n)

golden age; prime

The heyday of the British Empire lasted a very long time.

HIATUS (n)

a break or interruption, often from work

After receiving a three-day hiatus from his company, he decided to travel to India.

HIERARCHY (n)

organization based on rank or degree; pecking order

To climb up the company's hierarchy, you need to work very hard.

HISTRIONIC (adj)

overly dramatic; theatrical

Sometimes, being histrionic can help you let your emotions out.

HOMILY (n)

a sermon; a talk on religious or moral subject

The philosopher always started his lecture with a homily on the reasons we live.

HOMOGENEOUS (adj)

uniform; made entirely of one thing

Even thought it was an international school, the students were extremely homogeneous; they were all from the U.S. and had blond hair with blue eyes.

HUSBANDRY (n)

thrifty management of resources; livestock farming

The country was at a state of husbandry as resources were depleting exponentially.

HYPERBOLE (n)

an exaggeration used as a figure of speech; exaggeration

He expressed his hunger by using the hyperbole, "I'm so hungry I could eat a horse."

HYPOTHETICAL (adj)

uncertain; unproven

There are many hypothetical theories about the fourth dimension, but none are proven.

ICONOCLAST (n)

one who attacks popular beliefs or institutions

The food critique was an iconoclast, who was not afraid to chastise the restaurant, which had a reputation of for having the best Italian food in the country if not the world.

IDEOLOGY (n)

a system of social or political ideas

The candidates expressed their ideology in the debate.

IDIOSYNCRASY (n)

a peculiarity; an eccentricity; an exception

To eat insects dipped in blood was one the tribe's idiosyncrasies.

IDYLLIC (adj)

charming in a rustic way; naturally peaceful

A place where you can view the scenery of the mountains and trees is a idyllic spot to build a house.

IGNOMINY (n)

deep disgrace; 치욕

The ignominy of losing the arm wrestle competition by a sixth grader was too much for Mark to handle.

ILLICIT (adj)

illegal; not permitted

The police, after a thorough background check on the teenagers, found out that the kids were involved in illicit activities such as dealing drugs.

IMMIGRATE (v)

to move permanently to a new country

The pilgrims immigrated to the U.S. seeking to find religious freedom.

IMMINENT (adj)

just about to happen

The dark clouds in the sky made it clear that rain was imminent.

IMMUTABLE (adj

unchangeable

The school had one immutable rule; no fighting or bullying.

IMPARTIAL (adj)

fair; not favoring one side or the other; unbiased

To be a good judge, you must be impartial in any situation, and not be swayed by your emotions.

IMPECCABLE (adj)

flawless; entirely without sin

The child's impeccable behavior in the amusement park drew envy among the mothers.

IMPERIAL (adj)

like an emperor or an empire

England's imperial days are over, now that the British empire has collapsed.

IMPERVIOUS (adj)

not allowing anything to pass through; impenetrable

A good raincoat is usually impervious to water.

IMPETUOUS (adj)

impulsive; extremely impatient

Mark was so impetuous that he could not even play chess; he could not stand having to wait for his opponent after he made a move.

IMPLEMENT (v)

to carry out

NASA had many plans for space flights, but they were unable to implement because their budget was low.

IMPOTENT (adj)

powerless; helpless; unable to perform sexual intercourse

The people stranded on the island felt impotent as the plane, unable to spot the people, flew by.

IMPUGN (v)

to attack; especially to attack the truth or integrity

The police officer impugned the suspect's alibi during the time of the murder.

INANE (adj)

silly; senseless

Their plan to cook meat on the engine of their car was inane.

INAUGURATE (v)

to begin officially; to induct formally into office

My mom inaugurated the no-internet-after-9 o'clock policy by shutting down the wireless adapter at the corresponding time.

INCANDESCENT (adj)

brilliant; giving off hear or light



Mark was full of incandescent ideas that even Thomas Edison would have been impressed if he was alive.

INCANTATION (n)

a chant; the repetition of statements or phrases in a way reminiscent of a chant

The students soon became bored of the principle's incantations about the importance education.

INCENSE (v)

to make very angry

Mark's mocking comments about Sam's parents incensed Sam and his friends.

INCESSANT (adj)

unceasing

Although two hours past after the initial fight, Mark's anger was still incessant.

INCIPIENT (adj)

beginning; emerging

Christmas decorations were incipient as the days drew closer and closer to December.

INCISIVE (adj)

cutting right to the heart of the matter

The incisive debate only lasted for three hours.

INCONGRUOUS (adj)

not harmonious; not consistent; not appropriate; not fitting in

The black furniture seemed incongruous to the black wall.

INCORRIGIBLE (adj)

incapable of being reformed; incorrectable

Incorrigible criminals must be held in jail until they die because they are unable to reflect their mistakes, and eventually would commit another crime after being released.

INCREMENT (n)

an increase; one in a series of increases

He received a small increment in his salary every year, and eventually earned $100,000 annually.

INDIFFERENT (adj)

not caring one way or the other; apathetic; meicore

The newly released computer was indifferent from the last; the only difference was the available colors.

INDIGENOUS (adj)

native; originating in that area

Snow leopards are indigenous to Siberia.

INDIGENT (adj)

poor

The indigent family had nothing but potatoes to eat.

INDOLENT (adj)

lazy

The indolent man woke up at 2 p.m. and waited for his wife to come back from work and prepare food.

INDULGENT (adj)

lenient; yielding to desire

The indulgent teacher never punished us even though we missed class.

INEFFABLE (adj)

capable of being expressed or described

The model's beauty was so ineffable that people had nothing to say except the word "wow."

INEPT (adj)

clumsy; incompetent; gauche

The inept dancer stepped on his partner's foot multiple times.

INERT (adj)

inactive; sluggish; not reacting chemically

The inert teenagers soon became obese because of their lack of exercise.

INEXORABLE (adj)

relentless; inevitable; unavoidable

After realizing that death was inexorable, he stopped running away and fought the enemy with all his might.

INFAMOUS (adj)

shamefully wicked; having an extremely bad reputation; disgraceful

The infamous criminal terrorized the city by killing a civilian every day.

INFATUATED (adj)

foolish; foolishly passionate or attracted; made foolish; foolishly in love

She was so infatuated with Justin Bieber that her room was covered with Justin Bieber posters.

INFER (v)

to conclude; to deduce

The scientist inferred based on the evidence from the experiment.

INFINITESIMAL (adj)

very, very, very small; infinitely small

The chances of the team winning was infinitesimal, but they tried their best to defeat the opponent.

INGENUOUS (adj)

frank; without deception; simple; artless; charmingly naive

Although the book was ingenuous, it used many literary techniques that made the book hard to interpret.

INHERENT (adj)

part of the essential nature of something; intrinsic

His inherent ability to sing made it easy for him to become a singer.

INJUNCTION (n)

a command of order; especially a court order

He disobeyed the court's injunction to stay out of the town, and eventually got expelled out of the state.

INNATE (adj)

existing since birth; inborn; inherent

Everyone envied Jake's innate ability to play basketball.

INNOCUOUS (adj)

harmless; banal

He took offense at Bruce's innocuous comment about the saltiness of the soup at the restaurant.

INORDINATE (adj)

excessive; unreasonable

The teacher gave the students an inordinate amount of homework, and the students complained.

INSATIABLE (adj)

hard of impossible to satisfy; greedy; avaricious

He had an insatiable desire for money; he never could get enough of it even though he was a billionaire.

INSIDIOUS (adj)

treacherous; sneaky

The insidious robber stole precious jewelry from the house.

INSINUATE (v)

to hint; to creep in

Mark insinuated it was time for us to leave by saying, "It is very dark outside."

INSIPID (adj)

dull; bland; banal

The insipid party was full of people making boring conversations to each other.

INSOLENT (adj)

arrogant; insulting

The student was expelled from school after being insolent to his teacher.