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6 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)

Iraq before Saddam

Ottoman Empire:

- Part of Ottoman Empire

- Ottoman Empire part of losing Alliance- reparations, Treaty of Sevrés

British control of Iraq:

- Monarchy (Kind Faizel) implemented

- King Faizel II takes control (1932)

- Killed in a coup (1958)

Baath Party:

- 1963- Arab Revolutionist party (Baath Party) take control from military

Ottoman Empire

British control of Iraq

Baath Party

Ba'ath Party


- Strong Arab culture and unity

- Socialism, Arab nationalism

(Arab nations joining)


- Abdul Salam Arif (1963-1966)

- Ahmad Hasan Al-Bakr (1968-1979)

- Saddam Hussein (1979-2006)

Strong Power Base

(Vice- President to Al-Bakr)

- Assured control over key positions in Ba'ath party

- Family/Friends placed in key roles (important source of power- family)

- Army had a large defence budget

No Party Opposition & Nationalised Oil

- Members of important clubs etc decided if you were a member of party

- Saddam oversaw nationalisation of oil (1972): Grew economy


- Iraq joined all producing countries in OPEC

- OPEC: Organisation that coordinates petroleum policy

- OPEC reduced production, stopped exporting oil to Western world (punishment for helping Israel in Yim-Kippur war)

- Shortage of oil increased prices (oil cost 400% more)

Improved Infrastructure

- Roads, schools, hospitals, water and power infrastructure improved

- Rural peasant rates declined- moved to cities

- Saddam had new backing from businessmen

- Education:

- Free universal education

- "National campaign for the Eradication of Illiteracy"

- Health:

- Large investments in healthcare

- Iraq had one of the best healthcare systems in Middle East

- Saddam received UNESCO award

Terror & Repression

Teaching People:

- Regularly convinced people to believe his beliefs

-Taught kids: Stand in the sun with a gun, without flinching (fight militarily)


- People's Army responsible for internal security- Belonged to military side of Ba'ath party (military can't oppose)

- Saddam controlled secret services- many recruits were individuals supporters Opposition:

- People against party - Arrested by Gen. intelligence/ Mukhbarat

- Tortured, raped, assassinated

- Enemies of state removed

Teaching people