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294 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
accent
noun a diacritical mark used to indicate stress or placed above a vowel to indicate a special pronunciation; distinctive manner of oral expression
accept
verb tolerate or accommodate oneself to; consider or hold as true
access
noun the act of approaching or entering; a way of entering or leaving
acute
adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course; of critical importance and consequence
adapt
verb make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose; adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
adopt
verb take into one's family; take up and practice as one's own
adverse
adj. in an opposing direction; contrary to your interests or welfare
advice
noun a proposal for an appropriate course of action
advise
verb inform (somebody) of something; give advice to
aesthetic
adj. concerning or characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good taste; aesthetically pleasing
affect
noun the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion; verb act physically on; have an effect upon
aggravate
verb make worse; exasperate or irritate
aisle
noun passageway between seating areas as in an auditorium or passenger vehicle or between areas of shelves of goods as in stores; part of a church divided laterally from the nave proper by rows of pillars or columns
all
adj. completely given to or absorbed by; quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class
all
adj. completely given to or absorbed by; quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class
allude
verb make a more or less disguised reference to
allusion
noun passing reference or indirect mention
along
adv. with a forward motion; in accompaniment or as a companion
aloud
adv. using the voice; not silently; with relatively high volume
already
adv. prior to a specified or implied time
altar
noun a raised structure on which gifts or sacrifices to a god are made; the table in Christian churches where communion is given
alter
verb remove the ovaries of; make an alteration to
alternately
adv. in an alternating sequence or position
alternatively
adv. in place of, or as an alternative to
altogether
adv. with everything included or counted; to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly')
amoral
adj. lacking any sense of moral standards or principles
amused
adj. pleasantly occupied
apart
adj. remote and separate physically or socially; having characteristics not shared by others
appraise
verb consider in a comprehensive way; place a value on; judge the worth of something
apprise
verb increase the value of; gain in value
ascent
noun an upward slope or grade (as in a road); the act of changing location in an upward direction
ascetic
adj. practicing great self-denial; pertaining to or characteristic of an ascetic or the practice of rigorous self-discipline
assure
verb assure somebody of the truth of something with the intention of giving the listener confidence; inform positively and with certainty and confidence
aural
adj. relating to or characterized by an aura; of or pertaining to hearing or the ear
averse
adj. (usually followed by `to') strongly opposed
bacteria
noun (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
bacterium
noun (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
balmy
adj. mild and pleasant; informal or slang terms for mentally irregular
bare
adj. lacking in amplitude or quantity; completely unclothed
barmy
adj. informal or slang terms for mentally irregular; marked by spirited enjoyment
barter
noun an equal exchange; verb exchange goods without involving money
bated
adj. diminished or moderated; held back
bazaar
noun a sale of miscellany; often for charity; a shop where a variety of goods are sold
bear
noun massive plantigrade carnivorous or omnivorous mammals with long shaggy coats and strong claws; an investor with a pessimistic market outlook; an investor who expects prices to fall and so sells now in order to buy later at a lower price
bemused
adj. deeply absorbed in thought; perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment
berth
noun a bed on a ship or train; usually in tiers; a job in an organization
between
adv. in between; in the interval
bimonthly
adj. occurring every two months; occurring twice a month
birth
noun the event of being born; the time when something begins (especially life)
bisect
verb cut in half or cut in two
bizarre
adj. conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual
born
adj. brought into existence; being talented through inherited qualities
bough
noun any of the larger branches of a tree
bow
noun a stroke with a curved piece of wood with taut horsehair strands that is used in playing stringed instruments; a slightly curved piece of resilient wood with taut horsehair strands, used in playing certain stringed instrument
brake
noun a restraint used to slow or stop a vehicle; an area thickly overgrown usually with one kind of plant
breach
noun a failure to perform some promised act or obligation; an opening (especially a gap in a dike or fortification)
break
noun an escape from jail; a sudden dash
breath
noun the process of taking in and expelling air during breathing; a slight movement of the air
breathe
verb draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs; reach full flavor by absorbing air and being let to stand after having been uncorked
breech
noun opening in the rear of the barrel of a gun where bullets can be loaded
broach
noun a decorative pin worn by women; verb bring up a topic for discussion
brooch
noun a decorative pin worn by women; verb fasten with or as if with a brooch
can
noun airtight sealed metal container for food or drink or paint etc.; a buoy with a round bottom and conical top
canvas
noun a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents); the mat that forms the floor of the ring in which boxers or professional wrestlers compete
canvass
noun a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents); the mat that forms the floor of the ring in which boxers or professional wrestlers compete
capital
adj. uppercase; of primary important
capitol
noun the government building in Washington where the United States Senate and the House of Representatives meet; a building occupied by a state legislature
censor
noun a person who is authorized to read publications or correspondence or to watch theatrical performances and suppress in whole or in part anything considered obscene or politically unacceptable; someone who censures or condemns
censure
noun harsh criticism or disapproval; the state of being excommunicated
cereal
adj. made of grain or relating to grain or the plants that produce it; noun a breakfast food prepared from grain
choose
verb pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives; select as an alternative; choose instead; prefer as an alternative
chord
noun a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together; a straight line connecting two points on a curve
chronic
adj. being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
cite
noun a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage; verb call in an official matter, such as to attend court
climactic
adj. consisting of or causing a climax
climatic
adj. of or relating to a climate
coarse
adj. conspicuously and tastelessly indecent; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste
collaborate
verb work together on a common enterprise of project; cooperate as a traitor
compare
noun qualities that are comparable; verb examine and note the similarities or differences of
complacency
noun the feeling you have when you are satisfied with yourself
complacent
adj. contented to a fault with oneself or one's actions
complaisance
noun a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others
complaisant
adj. showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others
complement
noun something added to complete or make perfect; either of two parts that mutually complete each other
compliment
noun a remark (or act) expressing praise and admiration; verb say something to someone that expresses praise
compose
verb put together out of existing material; write music
comprise
verb form or compose; include or contain; have as a component
concurrent
adj. occurring or operating at the same time
connote
verb involve as a necessary condition of consequence; as in logic; express or state indirectly
conscience
noun conformity to one's own sense of right conduct; a feeling of shame when you do something immoral
conscious
adj. (followed by `of') showing realization or recognition of something; knowing and perceiving; having awareness of surroundings and sensations and thoughts
consecutive
adj. in regular succession without gaps; one after the other
continual
adj. seemingly without interruption; chiefly restricted to what recurs regularly or frequently in a prolonged and closely spaced series; `continual' (meaning seemingly uninterrupted) is often used interchangeably with `continuous' (meaning without interruption)
continuous
adj. continuing in time or space without interruption; of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
contrast
noun the act of distinguishing by comparing differences; the range of optical density and tone on a photographic negative or print (or the extent to which adjacent areas on a television screen differ in brightness)
convince
verb make (someone) agree, understand, or realize the truth or validity of something
cord
noun a line made of twisted fibers or threads; a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton
corroborate
verb support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm; establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
council
noun a meeting of people for consultation; a body serving in an administrative capacity
counsel
noun something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action; a lawyer who pleads cases in court
course
adv. as might be expected; noun a mode of action
criterion
noun the ideal in terms of which something can be judged; a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
cue
noun sports implement consisting of a tapering rod used to strike a cue ball in pool or billiards; an actor's line that immediately precedes and serves as a reminder for some action or speech
curb
noun an edge between a sidewalk and a roadway consisting of a line of curbstones (usually forming part of a gutter); a horse's bit with an attached chain or strap to check the horse
currant
noun any of several tart red or black berries used primarily for jellies and jams; small dried seedless raisin grown in the Mediterranean region and California; used in cooking
current
adj. occurring in or belonging to the present time; noun a steady flow (usually from natural causes)
day
noun United States writer best known for his autobiographical works (1874-1935); a period of opportunity
decimate
verb kill one in every ten, as of mutineers in Roman armies; kill in large numbers
defuse
verb remove the triggering device from
denote
verb have as a meaning; be a sign or indication of
descent
noun the act of changing your location in a downward direction; a movement downward
desert
adj. located in a dismal or remote area; desolate; noun arid land with little or no vegetation
dessert
noun a dish served as the last course of a meal
devastate
verb overwhelm or overpower; devastate or ravage
diffuse
adj. spread out; not concentrated in one place; lacking conciseness
discreet
adj. marked by prudence or modesty and wise self-restraint; heedful of potential consequences
discrete
adj. constituting a separate entity or part
disinterested
adj. unaffected by self-interest
dissect
verb cut open or cut apart; make a mathematical, chemical, or grammatical analysis of; break down into components or essential features
dissent
noun a difference of opinion; (law) the difference of one judge's opinion from that of the majority
draft
noun the act of moving a load by drawing or pulling; a dose of liquid medicine
draught
noun the act of moving a load by drawing or pulling; a large and hurried swallow
draw
noun the act of drawing or hauling something; poker in which a player can discard cards and receive substitutes from the dealer
drawer
noun a boxlike container in a piece of furniture; made so as to slide in and out; the person who writes a check or draft instructing the drawee to pay someone else
dual
adj. a grammatical number category referring to two items or units as opposed to one item (singular) or more than two items (plural); consisting of or involving two parts or components usually in pairs
duel
noun any struggle between two skillful opponents (individuals or groups); a prearranged fight with deadly weapons by two people (accompanied by seconds) in order to settle a quarrel over a point of honor
e
noun the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet; the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282...
e
noun the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet; the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282...
effect
noun (of a law) having legal validity; an impression (especially one that is artificial or contrived)
effective
adj. existing in fact; not theoretical; real; able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively
efficient
adj. being effective without wasting time or effort or expense; able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively
elicit
verb derive by reason; deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)
elude
verb escape, either physically or mentally; be incomprehensible to; escape understanding by
emigrate
verb leave one's country of residence for a new one
eminent
adj. of imposing height; especially standing out above others; having achieved eminence
ensure
verb be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; make certain of
envelop
verb enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering
envelope
noun any wrapper or covering; a flat rectangular paper container for papers
every
adj. (used of count nouns) each and all of the members of a group considered singly and without exception; each and all of a series of entities or intervals as specified
everyday
adj. commonplace and ordinary; found in the ordinary course of events
exacerbate
verb exasperate or irritate; make worse
exasperate
verb make worse; make furious
except
verb prevent from being included or considered or accepted; take exception to
excess
adj. more than is needed, desired, or required; noun immoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits
excite
verb produce a magnetic field in; raise to a higher energy level
exercise
noun the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit; a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding
exorcise
verb expel through adjuration or prayers
expedient
adj. serving to promote your interest; appropriate to a purpose; practical
expeditious
adj. characterized by speed and efficiency
farther
adj. more distant in especially space or time; more distant in especially degree
faun
noun ancient Italian deity in human shape, with horns, pointed ears and a goat's tail; equivalent to Greek satyr
fawn
noun young deer; a color or pigment varying around a light grey-brown color
fewer
adj. (comparative of `few' used with count nouns) quantifier meaning a smaller number of
figuratively
adv. in a figurative sense
flaunt
noun the act of displaying something ostentatiously; verb display proudly; act ostentatiously or pretentiously
flounder
noun any of various European and non-European marine flatfish; flesh of any of various American and European flatfish
flout
verb treat with contemptuous disregard; laugh at with contempt and derision
forbear
noun a person from whom you are descended; verb refrain from doing
forebear
noun a person from whom you are descended
forward
adj. moving toward a position ahead; at or near or directed toward the front
founder
noun a person who founds or establishes some institution; a worker who makes metal castings
freeze
noun fixing (of prices or wages etc) at a particular level; an interruption or temporary suspension of progress or movement
frieze
noun a heavy woolen fabric with a long nap; an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
further
adj. more distant in especially degree; adv. to or at a greater extent or degree or a more advanced stage (`further' is used more often than `farther' in this abstract sense)
g
noun the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet; a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated
grisly
adj. shockingly repellent; inspiring horror
grizzly
adj. showing characteristics of age, especially having grey or white hair; noun powerful brownish-yellow bear of the uplands of western North America
haggle
noun an instance of intense argument (as in bargaining); verb wrangle (over a price, terms of an agreement, etc.)
hangar
noun a large structure at an airport where aircraft can be stored and maintained
hanger
noun anything from which something can be hung; a worker who hangs something
hoard
noun a secret store of valuables or money; verb save up as for future use
horde
noun a vast multitude; a nomadic community
i
noun the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet; a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
illicit
adj. contrary to accepted morality (especially sexual morality) or convention; contrary to or forbidden by law
illusion
noun something many people believe that is false; an erroneous mental representation
immanent
adj. of qualities that are spread throughout something; of a mental act performed entirely within the mind
immigrate
verb come into a new country and change residency; introduce or send as immigrants
immoral
adj. deliberately violating accepted principles of right and wrong; morally unprincipled
implied
adj. indicated by necessary connotation though not expressed directly
imply
verb express or state indirectly; suggest as a logically necessary consequence; in logic
infer
verb believe to be the case; guess correctly; solve by guessing
inherent
adj. in the nature of something though not readily apparent; existing as an essential constituent or characteristic
inherit
verb obtain from someone after their death; receive by genetic transmission
insight
noun grasping the inner nature of things intuitively; the clear (and often sudden) understanding of a complex situation
isle
noun a small island
it
noun the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information
kerb
noun an edge between a sidewalk and a roadway consisting of a line of curbstones (usually forming part of a gutter)
lay
adj. not of or from a profession; concerning those not members of the clergy
lead
noun the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge; a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead')
led
noun diode such that light emitted at a p-n junction is proportional to the bias current; color depends on the material used
less
adj. (comparative of `little' usually used with mass nouns) a quantifier meaning not as great in amount or degree; (nonstandard in some uses but often idiomatic with measure phrases) fewer
lie
noun a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth; position or manner in which something is situated
lightening
noun descent of the uterus into the pelvic cavity that occurs late in pregnancy; the fetus is said to have dropped; changing to a lighter color
lightning
noun the flash of light that accompanies an electric discharge in the atmosphere (or something resembling such a flash); can scintillate for a second or more; abrupt electric discharge from cloud to cloud or from cloud to earth accompanied by the emission of light
literally
adv. (intensifier before a figurative expression) without exaggeration; in a literal sense
loath
adj. unwillingness to do something contrary to your custom; (usually followed by `to') strongly opposed
loathe
verb find repugnant
logarithm
noun the exponent required to produce a given number
long
adj. having or being more than normal or necessary:"long on brains"; primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified
loose
adj. not bound or fastened or gathered together; not compact or dense in structure or arrangement
lose
verb fail to win; suffer the loss of a person through death or removal
marinade
noun mixtures of vinegar or wine and oil with various spices and seasonings; used for soaking foods before cooking; verb soak in marinade
marinate
verb soak in marinade
may
noun the month following April and preceding June; thorny Eurasian shrub of small tree having dense clusters of white to scarlet flowers followed by deep red berries; established as an escape in eastern North America
meter
noun any of various measuring instruments for measuring a quantity; rhythm as given by division into parts of equal duration
metre
noun rhythm as given by division into parts of equal duration; (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse
militate
verb have force or influence; bring about an effect or change
mitigate
verb make less severe or harsh; lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of
mitigate
verb make less severe or harsh; lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of
object
noun a tangible and visible entity; an entity that can cast a shadow; the focus of cognitions or feelings
oral
adj. a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression; of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located
overestimate
noun a calculation that results in an estimate that is too high; an appraisal that is too high
palate
noun the upper surface of the mouth that separates the oral and nasal cavities
pallet
noun a mattress filled with straw or a pad made of quilts; used as a bed; a hand tool with a flat blade used by potters for mixing and shaping clay
part
adv. in part; in some degree; not wholly; noun something less than the whole of a human artifact
past
adj. of a person who has held and relinquished a position or office; earlier than the present time; no longer current
pedal
adj. of or relating to the feet; noun a lever that is operated with the foot
peddle
verb sell or offer for sale from place to place
perpetrate
verb perform an act, usually with a negative connotation
perpetuate
verb cause to continue or prevail
personal
adj. particular to a given individual; concerning or affecting a particular person or his or her private life and personality
personnel
noun the department responsible for hiring and training and placing employees and for seting policies for personnel management; group of people willing to obey orders
perspective
noun the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer; a way of regarding situations or topics etc.
persuade
verb cause somebody to adopt a certain position, belief, or course of action; twist somebody's arm; win approval or support for
phenomenon
noun any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning; a remarkable development
pole
noun a long (usually round) rod of wood or metal or plastic; one of the two ends of a magnet where the magnetism seems to be concentrated
poll
noun the counting of votes (as in an election); a tame parrot
pore
noun any small opening in the skin or outer surface of an animal; any tiny hole admitting passage of a liquid (fluid or gas)
pour
verb move in large numbers; flow in a spurt
practice
noun a customary way of operation or behavior; translating an idea into action
practise
verb learn by repetition; engage in a rehearsal (of)
precede
verb furnish with a preface or introduction; move ahead (of others) in time or space
prescribe
verb issue commands or orders for
principal
adj. most important element; noun the major party to a financial transaction at a stock exchange; buys and sells for his own account
principle
noun a basic truth or law or assumption; a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system
proceed
verb follow a certain course; move ahead; travel onward in time or space
prodigy
noun an impressive or wonderful example of a particular quality; an unusually gifted or intelligent (young) person; someone whose talents excite wonder and admiration
progeny
noun the immediate descendants of a person
proscribe
verb command against
prospective
adj. anticipated for the near future; concerned with or related to the future
queue
noun a braid of hair at the back of the head; (information processing) an ordered list of tasks to be performed or messages to be transmitted
quotation
noun the practice of quoting from books or plays etc.; a passage or expression that is quoted or cited
quote
noun a passage or expression that is quoted or cited; a punctuation mark used to attribute the enclosed text to someone else
ready
adj. (of especially money) immediately available; brought into readiness
regimen
noun (medicine) a systematic plan for therapy (often including diet)
regiment
noun army unit smaller than a division; verb assign to a regiment
regretful
adj. feeling or expressing regret or sorrow or a sense of loss over something done or undone
regrettable
adj. deserving regret
reign
noun royal authority; the dominion of a monarch; the period during which a monarch is sovereign
rein
noun one of a pair of long straps (usually connected to the bit or the headpiece) used to control a horse; any means of control
reluctant
adj. not eager; unwilling to become involved
reticent
adj. reluctant to draw attention to yourself; temperamentally disinclined to talk
role
noun normal or customary activity of a person in a particular social setting; the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group
roll
noun the act of rolling something (as the ball in bowling); a flight maneuver; aircraft rotates about its longitudinal axis without changing direction or losing altitude
sceptic
noun someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs
semimonthly
adj. occurring twice a month; adv. twice a month
sensual
adj. sexually exciting or gratifying; marked by the appetites and passions of the body
sensuous
adj. taking delight in beauty
septic
adj. containing or resulting from disease-causing organisms; of or relating to or caused by putrefaction
serial
adj. of or relating to the sequential performance of multiple operations; pertaining to or occurring in or producing a series
set
adj. being below the horizon; converted to solid form (as concrete)
sit
verb be seated; be in session
site
noun physical position in relation to the surroundings; the piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located)
some
adj. relatively many but unspecified in number; relatively much but unspecified in amount or extent
sometime
adj. belonging to some prior time; adv. at some indefinite or unstated time
stationary
adj. not capable of being moved; standing still
stationery
noun paper cut to an appropriate size for writing letters; usually with matching envelopes
storey
noun a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale
story
noun a piece of fiction that narrates a chain of related events; a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale
subject
adj. likely to be affected by something (especially something unpleasant); being under the power or sovereignty of another or others
suppose
verb express a supposition; expect, believe, or suppose
supposed
adj. firmly believed; designed to
tack
noun sailing a zigzag course; (nautical) the act of changing tack
tact
noun consideration in dealing with others and avoiding giving offence
temblor
noun shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity
then
adj. at a specific prior time; adv. subsequently or soon afterward (often used as sentence connectors)
time
noun the continuum of experience in which events pass from the future through the present to the past; a person's experience on a particular occasion
titillate
verb excite pleasurably or erotically; touch (a body part) lightly so as to excite the surface nerves and cause uneasiness, laughter, or spasmodic movements
titivate
verb make neat, smart, or trim
together
adj. mentally and emotionally stable; adv. at the same time
too
adv. to an excessive degree; in addition
tortuous
adj. not straightforward; marked by repeated turns and bends
torturous
adj. extremely painful
track
noun the act of participating in an athletic competition involving running on a track; any road or path affording passage especially a rough one
tract
noun a system of body parts that together serve some particular purpose; a brief treatise on a subject of interest; published in the form of a booklet
trembler
noun one who quakes and trembles with (or as with) fear
underestimate
noun an estimation that is too low; an estimate that is less than the true or actual value; verb make too low an estimate of
uninterested
adj. having no care or interest in knowing; not having or showing interest
venal
adj. capable of being corrupted
venial
adj. easily excused or forgiven; warranting only temporal punishment
who
noun a United Nations agency to coordinate international health activities and to help governments improve health services
who
noun a United Nations agency to coordinate international health activities and to help governments improve health services
wreath
noun flower arrangement consisting of a circular band of foliage or flowers for ornamental purposes; verb encircle with or as if with a wreath
wreathe
verb form into a wreath; decorate or deck with wreathes