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22 Cards in this Set

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Thomas Hobbes

of Malmesbury ( 5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbs of Malmsbury,[a] was an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. His 1651 bookLeviathan established social contract theory, the foundation of most later Western political philosophy

John Locke

John Locke FRS was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".

Baron de Montesquie

Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, generally referred to as simply Montesquieu, was a French lawyer, man of letters, and political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment.


François-Marie Arouet (French 21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire [1] French, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. Also an avid writer

Denis Diderot

Denis Diderot was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer. He was a prominent figure during the Enlightenment and is best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert.

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the Enlightenment in France and across Europe, as well as aspects of the French. Wrote the Social Contract.

Events that led to the American Revolution

The French and Indian War (1754-63)The Sugar Act (4/5/1764)The Stamp Act (3/22/1765)Patrick Henry's "If This Be Treason" speech (5/29/1765)The Stamp Act Congress (10/7-25/1765)Townshend Acts (6/29/1767)The Boston Massacre (3/5/1770)The Boston Tea Party (12/16/1773)

The Declaration of Independence

the statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer a part of the British Empire

Why was America successful at winning the war?

Assistance from France. Not playing by the rules. Ambushes. Innovations.


a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.

Three branches of Government

Legislative, Executive and Judicial.

What was wrong with the articles of confederation?

Each state only had one vote in Congress, regardless of size.Congress did not have the power to tax.Congress did not have the power to regulate foreign and interstate commerce.There was no executive branch to enforce any acts passed by Congress.There was no national court system.Amendments to the Articles of Confederation required a unanimous vote.Laws required a 9/13 majority to pass in Congress.

Constitutional convention

Federal convention. took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Federal system of government

The federal government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S.Constitution in the Congress, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively.

Bill of Rights

the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.

causes of French revolution

2. Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the “reform” of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy.

Three Estates of France

1st-Clergy-religious people

2nd-nobility- rich people

3rd-everyone else. taxed to death


the middle class, typically with reference to its perceived materialistic values or conventional attitudes.

Marie Antoinette and King Louis XVI

King and Queen of France. Real greedy pricks.

Meeting of the National Assembly

The Third Estate was locked out of the Estates. They met on that tennis court and made the National Assembly...

Storming of the Bastille

angry towns people storm a prison after a rumor that it had weapons and gunpowder.

The Great Fear

The people of France were super scared and paranoid about everything