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46 Cards in this Set

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What are examples of primary sources?

Autobiographies, first hand accounts, letters, diaries, photographs, government documents

Secondary sources?

Encyclopedias, textbooks, biographies,

What’s the difference between a traditional, command, and market economy?

Traditional - Produce what they need to survive/ lots of tradeCommand – Gov’t makes decisionsMarket – Individuals/ business make decisions

Why was the Neolithic Revolution a turning point?

People settle in one area, civilizations start, people learn to grow crops/ animals.

How have mountains effected civilizations? Islands?

Mountains – terrace farming, isolation/ divided areasIslands – isolation, fish/ food

What are examples of archipelagos and peninsulas?

Archipelago – Japan, Hawaii, Greek islands, PhilippinesPeninsula – Korea, Italy, Spain, India, Florida

What are the early river valley civilizations?

Egypt = NileMesopotamia = Tigris and EuphratesChina = Yellow/ YangziIndia = Indus

What is Hammurabi’s Code?

System of laws in ancient Mesopotamia

What was its famous phrase?

“Eye for an eye. Tooth for a tooth.”

What are the achievements of Ancient Greece?

Philosophers – Aristotle, Plato, SocratesPythagorean Theory Democracy

Who influenced early Russia and how did they do it?

Byzantine EmpireGave them:– government model (czar)– Orthodox religion– Onion Domes– Cyrillic Alphabet

What are examples of Law Systems (or Codes of Law)?

Hammurabi's Code Twelve Tables Justinian’s Code Napoleonic Code

What can you tell me about the West African trading Empires?

Traded Salt for GoldMali, Songhai, and Ghana EmpiresMansa Musa – Mali ruler who practiced Islam

What can you tell me about the Mongols?

Largest Empire (E Europe to Pacific Coast of Asia) w/ tribute systemPax Mongolia led to trade along the Silk RoadGreat horse riders and bow/ arrow. Used gun powder.

What did Confucius teach? What areas followed his teachings?

He about social order and relationshipsEqual: FriendsUnequal:– Father/ Son– Ruler/ Subject – Husband/ WifeAsia – China, Japan, Korea

What can you tell me about Shintoism and Animism?

Both believe that everything (living and nonliving) has a spirit

How have civilizations adapted to their environment?

Japanese and Incas – Terrance farmingIncas – Footbridges and roadsNative Americas – long houses or buffalos

What are requirements for a time to be considered a Golden Age?

Strong governmentArt/ Cultural achievementsEconomic success

What were the Crusades? What were its effects?

Holy wars between European Christians and MuslimsLed to:– Greco-Roman knowledge returning to Europe– Increased trade between East and West

Describe the power/ influence of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages.

Most powerful and stable force in EuropeProvided unity between countries

What did Zheng He do and why?

Ming Dynasty Explorer (but was Muslim)Traveled to India, Middle East and Africa to trade, collect tribute and show Chinese superiority

Know the geography of Greece, Japan, Africa, and India

Greece – mountainous, peninsula, and islandsJapan – archipelago, mountainousAfrica – Desert, Savannah, Rainforest, Mediterranean ClimateIndia – Peninsula, monsoons

Who invented the movable type printing press? What were its effects?

GutenbergCreated BibleLed to increased literacy and spread of ideas

What was the Renaissance? Know it’s famous artists and their works. Know terms like Humanism, Vernacular, and Greco-Roman.

Golden Age of EuropeHumanism – focus on secular/ not religiousVernacular – common languageGreco- Roman: Greek and Roman Culture

What/ who were the two ideologies that fought during the Scientific Revolution?

Church vs. Scientists (Galileo, Descartes, Copernicus, Bacon)Geocentric vs. Heliocentric

What was the Protestant Reformation?

New churches created/ broke away from Catholic Church

What caused it?

Sales of indulgences, wealthy church leaders not following rules

Who were the leaders? What did they believe in?

Martin Luther – Bible is the word of GodJohn Calvin – PredestinationHenry VIII – Act of Supremacy

Who was Elizabeth I and why is she so important?

Virgin Queen” of EnglandPrevented religious civil war between Anglicans and CatholicsRuled during Shakespeare and Spanish Armada

What was the Commercial Revolution and what new practices came out of it?

New business practicesCapitalism, banks, credit/ loans, checks, insurance, guilds

Define Absolutism and Divine Right.

Absolutism – absolute powerDivine right – God wants them in charge

Who liked these ideas? Who did not?

Pro: Louis XIV, Phillip II, Peter the GreatCon: Locke, Rousseau, Voltaire

Explain the Caste System:

Indian society social chartUntouchables on the bottomCan’t move in a lifetime – reincarnation allows you to go up or down

Why were the Spanish able to defeat the Aztec and the Incas?

Spanish had:– Better weapons– Diseases– Alliances w/ other Natives

What was the Columbian Exchange? What was its impact?

Exchange of plants, people, animals, ideas, technology between Old World and New World

What was the Glorious Revolution?

Bloodless revolution that put William and Mary on the English thrown.

What was it’s effects?

English Bill of Rights helped to create a limited monarchy

Explain mercantilism and the Encomienda system:

Mercantilism: Send raw materials to mother country and buy finished goods.Encomienda: Spanish colonists get land and Natives as labor

What was the Enlightenment?

Europeans philosophers decide they want new governments

Who were Enlightened individuals?

Rousseau, Voltaire, Locke, Montesquieu

What were the causes of the French Revolution?

Inequality of the 3 estates and bankrupt French gov’t

What happened during the Reign of Terror?

Radicals start killing thousands of people during the French Rev

Tell me about Napoleon:

Military leader/ Emperor of FranceInspired nationalism and created a European empire

What caused the Latin American Revolutions of the early 1800s?

American/ French Rev inspire. People upset at conditions

Know about the leaders and what they did.

Toussaint L’Overture (Haiti)Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin (South America)

Define Ethnocentrism and Cultural Diffusion

Ethnocentrism – you believe you are better than everyone elseCultural Diffusion – exchange of technology, ideas, goods between cultures