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22 Cards in this Set

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What is retroperitoneum

Posterior a abdominal segment that lies posterior to the peritoneal cavity

How many compartments are in the retroperitoneal

3

The three compartment

Anterior pararenal space, perirenal space, posterior pararenal space

The space between posterior parietal Peritoneum and anterior renal fascia

Anterior pararenal space

Anterior pararenal space contains what organs

Pancreas, duodenum, estimate, SMV, ureter's, bladder, prostate, part of the ascending and transverse colon

Space located between anterior and posterior pararenal spaces

Perirenal space

What does the Perirenal space contain (organs)

Kidneys, renal vessels and proximal collecting systems adrenals, IvC and aorta

Space between posterior and renal Fascia and abdominal wall

Posterior pararenal space

Posterior pararenal space contains

Retroperitoneal fat, illiopsoas muscle , quadrates lumborum muscle and posterior abdominal wall

Enlarged lymph nodes , and enlargement of abdominal lymph nodes

Lymphadenpathy

greater than 1cm in diameter can indicate what for lymphadenopathy

Malignancy or infection

Sandwich or mental sign the notes the presence of

Abdominal node surrounding and compressing the aorta and IVC

U.S. for Lymphadenpathy

Round to oval in shape, hypoechoic rim with echogenic Hilum , usually identifiable around blood vessels

Primary malignant tumor of lymph nodes

Lymphoma

Development of a fibrous mass that covers the abdominal aorta up, IVC and ureters(cause obstruction) BENIGN TUMOR

Retroperitoneal fibrosis/ormonds disease

Retroperitoneal fibrosis/ormonds disease common in

Men 40-60

What may Retroperitoneal fibrosis/ormonds disease be linked to

Infections, migraine headache medication

Ultrasound appearance for Retroperitoneal fibrosis/ormonds disease

Hypoechoic, smoothly migrated, homogeneous mass

Most common location for a retroperitoneal hematoma especially in hemophallic (bleed easily ) patients

Psoas muscles

Lab values for retroperitoneal hematoma

Decrease in hematocrit value and pain hunting upon the stage of the blood

Primary neoplasm of the Retroperitoneum are rare, this tumors are generally benign or malignant

primary retroperitoneal, they are malignant

What are the retroperitoneal fluid collections

Urinoma (leaked urine collection ) , hemorrhage , abscess and lymphocele