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29 Cards in this Set

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Penicillin G
Beta-Lactams
-penicillins
Penicillin V
Beta-Lactams
-Penicillins
Nafcillin
Beta-Lactam
-Antistaphylococcal penicillins
Oxacilln
Beta-Lactam
-Antistaphylococcal penicillins
Cloxacillin
Beta-Lactam
-Antistaphylococcal penicillins
Dicloxacillin
Beta-Lactam
-Antistaphylococcal penicillins
methicillin
Beta-Lactam
-Antistaphylococcal penicillins
Ampicillin
Beta-Lactam
-extended-spectrum penicillins
Amoxicillin
Beta-Lactam
-extended-spectrum penicillins
Ticarcillin
Beta-Lactam
-antipseudomonal penicillins
Piperacillin
Beta-Lactam
-antipseudomonal penicillins
Cephalexin
Beta-Lactam
-Cephalosporins
-First Generation
Cefazolin
Beta-Lactam
-Cephalosporins
-First Generation
Cefoxitin
Beta-Lactam
-Cephalosporins
-Second Generation
Cefaclor
Beta-Lactam
-Cephalosporins
-Second Generation
Cefprozil
Beta-Lactam
-Cephalosporins
-Second Generation
Ceftriazone
Beta-Lactam
-Cephalosporins
-Third Generation
Ceftazidime
Beta-Lactam
-Cephalosporins
-Third Generation
Cefotaxime
Beta-Lactam
-Cephalosporin
-Third Generation
Cefdinir
Beta-Lactam
-Cephalosporin
-Third Generation
Cefepime
Beta-Lactam
-Cephalosporin
-Fourth Generation
Imipenem (+ cilastatin)
Beta-Lactam
-Carbapenems
Aztreonam
Beta-Lactam
-Monobactams
Clavulanic acid
Beta-lactamase inhibitors
Sulbactam
Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors
Tazobactam
Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors
Vancomycin
Other cell wall/membrane Inhibitors
Bacitracin
Other cell wall/membrane Inhibitors
How do Beta-Lactams work?
1. they bind to Penicillin Binding Protein (PBP)
2. PBP is unable to crosslink peptidoglycan chains
3. Bacteria are unable to synthesize a stable cell wall
4. Weakened cell wall leads to lysis of bacteria from osmotic pressure