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61 Cards in this Set

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Define Synoptic Gospel

The gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke are the synoptic gospels. Synoptic means Similar in writing.

What is gentile?

Not Jewish

What is Mark's Gospel?

Develops a narrative about Jesus’ early career, the main points of his life and his death.

Define evangelist

A person who seeks to convert others to the Christian faith

What is Luke's gospel?

Luke was a man who was a Syrian doctor, a friend of St. Paul. He wrote for the gentiles. he told them it was alright to join in.

First stage of Gospel formation

First was the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, between approximately 4 BC and AD 30.

The second stage of Gospel formation

Reflecting on the life and teachings of Jesus by his disciples

The third stage of Gospel formation

Writing of the gospels which occurred in the second half of the first century.

What does B.C stand for?

Before Christ referring to years after the birth of Jesus Christ.

What does A.D stand for?

Anno Domini which is Latin for "year of our Lord," andit means the number of years since the time of Jesus Christ meaning After Death

What does C.E stand for?

Common Era is also known as the Christian era, it is a period of time from the birth of Christ up until now.

What is Caritas' aim?

They seek to raise awareness of the reality and causes of poverty, hunger, oppression and injustice

What does Caritas do?

They improve poverty affected communities in Africa, Asia, East Timor and indigenousAustralia and the Pacific – helping unfortunate people overcome poverty.

What does moral mean?

Relating to issues of right and wrong and to how individual people should behave

What does amoral mean?

Not caring about good behavior or morals

What does immoral mean?

Contrary to accepted moral principles

What does conscience mean?

A judgment of the intellect that distinguishes right from wrong.

What are the theological values?

The three virtues of faith, hope and charity.

What is the first stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development?

Punishment orientation. Obedience to authority is considered.

Example of the first stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development

E.g. "He shouldn't steal the drug because he might get caught and be punished" (avoiding punishment)

What is the second stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development?

Pleasure-seeking orientation. Action is determined by one's own needs.

Example of the second stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development

E.g. "It won't do him any good to steal the drug because his wife will be dead by the time he gets out of jail" (self-interest)

The first two stages of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development are...

Preconventional

What is the third stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development?

Good boy/good girl orientation. Action determined by the approval of their peer group.

Example of the third stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development

E.g. "He shouldn't steal the drug because others will think he is a thief. His wife will not want to be saved by stealing". (avoiding disapproval)

What is the fourth stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development?

Authority orientation. Should uphold the law at all costs. Follow social rules.

Example of the fourth stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development

E.g. "Although his wife needs the drug, he should not break the law to get it. His wife's condition doesn't justify stealing" (traditional morality of authority)

The third and fourth stages of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Developments are...

Conventional

What is the fifth stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development?

Social-contract orientation. Rules are open to question but are upheld for the good of the community.

Example of the fifth stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development

E.g. "He should not steal the drug. The druggist response is unfair but mutual respect for the rights of others must be maintained." (social contract)

What is the sixth stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development?

Morality of individual principles. High value is placed on the justice, dignity, and equality.

Example of the sixth stage of Kohlberg's theory on Moral Development

Example: "He should steal the drug but alert the authorities he has done it. He will have to face a penalty, but he will save a human life." (self-chosen ethical principles)

Who made the 10 commandments and who were they for?

They were said to be written down by Moses with brush and ink.

What is the first commandment?

I am the LORD your god... you shall have no other gods before me.

What is the second commandment?

You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain.

What is the third commandment?

Observe the Sabbath day, and keep it holy

What is the forth commandment?

Honour your father and your mother.

What is the fifth commandment?

You shall not kill.

What is the sixth commandment?

You shall not commit adultery.

What is the seventh commandment?

You shall not steal.

What is the eighth commandment?

Though shall not bear false witness.

What is the ninth commandment?

You shall not covet your neighbour's wife.

What is the tenth commandment?

You shall not desire anything that is your neighbour's.

What are the Beatitudes?

The beatitudes come from the opening verses of the famous Sermon on the Mount delivered by Jesus

What are the eight blessings?

Blessed are they who mourn, for they shall be comforted


Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth


Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.


Blessed are the pure of heart, for they shall see God.


Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called children of God.


Blessed are they who are persecuted for they sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

What is the New Testament?

Made up of twenty-seven different books attributed to different authors.

What is the Old Testament?

The first section of the Christian bible. Based on the Hebrew Bible.

What is in the Old Testament?

The Old Testament relates to the Hebrew people and their relationship with the Lord.Many of the books focus on laws that the Hebrews were given by people like Moses.

What is in the New Testament?

The New Testament is about Jesus Christ, who many believe to be the Messiah. The NT gives us the teachings of Jesus, the story of His life, death, and resurrection, and letters from people like Paul who had teachings for the followers of Jesus.

Define Gospel

The teachings of Christ, Jesus and the Apostles.

When is Ash Wednesday?

First day of lent in April

How does Catholic Teachings help us to make decisions?

The Church teaches about respect. Catholics are obliged to consider the common god in their decision-making.

Catechism of the Catholic Church

The use of drugs inflicts grave damage on human health and life. Abortion is a criminal practice, the child had the right to life.Disposes us to avoid every kind of alcohol.

What does the term 'good words' mean?

They are the words of the Gospel

What does the term 'synoptic' mean?

Seeing the same eye to eye or same point of view.

WHAT COMMUNITY WAS MATTHEW WRITING FOR AND WHAT WAS THE FOCUS OF HIS GOD?

for a community of Christians that was seeking to understand how to live together as a Church

Where did Matthew write his gospel?

It was written in Palestine, around 41CE.

Explain the features of the community Matthew wrote for

He wrote for the next generation Jews

What is a parable?

A parable is a word-picture which uses an image or story to illustrate a truth or lesson

Who were the apostle?

The word “apostle” means “one who is sent out.” While Jesus was on earth, His twelve followers were called disciples. The twelve disciples followed Jesus Christ, learned from Him, and were trained by Him to spread the word

Describe Matthews portrayal of Jesus

He shows Jesus as the King. In the very first verse of the Book, he establishes that Jesus is the rightful heir to the throne of David. And the Sermon on the Mount is a proclamation by King