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31 Cards in this Set

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Caesaropapism

Rulers try to act like the pope

Investiture controversy

The issue over who gets to appoint the bishops

Unam sanctum

1302


"It is all together necessary for every human to go to heaven through the pope"

Monasteries/monks

Nuns


Regular clergy


St. Bernard of Clairveaux

Petrine Theory

Peter was the first pope


Taxation


Donation of pope -756

Donation of Constantine

Made a declaration that says the pope is head of all lands in the west

Great schism

Two popes were elected somehow


"The great split"


All cardinals get together and elect new official pope

Divine illumination

Universals

Realists

Universals are real


They exist independent of individual objects

Nominalists

Universals are labels


They no have independent examples

Abelard (1079-1142)

Universals exist but only in our minds

Sicent Non

Yes and no book


"By examining we come to inquiry ; by inquiring we get knowledge"

Scholasticism

An attempt to rationalize theology

Thomas aquinas

Realism - summary of theology


Reconciliation of various traditions


5 proofs of Gods existence


Natural theology

Fideism

Faith

Latin as lingua Franca

Used for law, literature, scholarship, diplomatic ect.


Medieval Europe


Small percent of people could speak/read

Role of vernacular

Everyday common language


Europe was a paten work of many spoken vernacular

Dante

From florentine family, exiled after 1301


Influence of pagan authors and philosophers

Humanism

Concern that Latin was being lost

The idea of Renaissance

Rebirth

Secularism

Separation of rule between the church and state

Civic humanism

Leonardo Bruni


Tired of disfunction in Florence


Similar to Greeks

Sfumato

Shadows, darkened spots

Charlemagne

Frankish king


Peppins son

Excommunication

Denied sacraments of roman church

Trivium and quadriuim

Return to roman education

Divine illuminism

Humans have worth because body and soul

Beatrice - dantes divine comedy

Leads Dante to heaven from purgatory

Serf

Like a slave but not properly

Charles Martel

Stopped Muslims at battle of tours 732

Petraren

Emphasis on reflection