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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

veterinary public health

sum of all contributions to physical, mental and social well being of humans through an understanding and application of veterinary science

public health

the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health and efficiency through organized community effort

veterinary roles in public health

emerging dz, bioterrorism, disaster preparedness, food safety, occupational and environmental health, human-animal bond, vaccines


national notifiable diseases surveillance system


national animal health reporting system

where oregon veterinarians report to

Oregon health authority, veterinary public health

factors that affect disease detection and reporting

patient sick enough?

appropriate diagnostics done?

appropriate specimens taken?

Appropriate time of showing disease?

passive surveillance

reports recieved from physicians or other individuals or instituitions as mandated by law

active surveillance

regularly contact with reporting sources

syndromic surveillance

monitor disease indicators in real-time or near real time

goal = earlier detection of an outbreak


dz and infections that are naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans

reverse zoonoses

pathogens reservoired in humans that can be transmitted to other vertebrates


disease transmitted from animals to humans

emerging infectious disease (EID)

newly appeared in a population or has existed but rapidly increasing in incidence or geographic range

Re-emerging infectious disease

reappeared after a significant decline in incidence

examples of emerging infectious diseases

new infections resulting from evolution, known infections in new geographic ranges/populations, unrecognized infections appearing in areas under ecologic change, old infections with antimicrobial resistance

factors in infectious disease emergence

ecological change

human demographics and behavior

international travel and commerce

tech and industry

microbial adaptation

breakdown of public health infrastructure

epidemiologic triad



environmental factors

institute of medicine recommendations

strengthen disease surveillance

expand research on factors leading to emergence

develop/manage vaccines, antimicrobials

improve coordinating public health agencies

support public health training

develop public education to prevent disease

transmission - contact

most common type of transmission

direct or indirect (bites, scratches, saliva...etc)

types of transmission


contamination of food


biological vectors

Risk group 1 agents

agents that are not associated with disease in healthy adult animals

low individual and community risk

risk group 2 agents

agents that are associated with human disease which is rarely serious and for which preventative or therapeutic interventions are often available and the risk of spreading infection is limited

MODerate individual risk and low community risk

risk group 3 agents

agents that are associated with serious or lethal human disease for which preventive or therapeutic interventions may be available

HIGH individual risk, low community risk

risk group 4 agents

agents that are likely to cause serious or lethal human disease for which preventive or therapeutic interventions are not usually available

HIGH individual AND community risk

reproductive zoonotic diseases

Coxiella burnetii, brucella, toxoplasma, borrelia, listeria, pasteurella, arenaviruses


personal protective equipment

provides a barrier between you and pathogens or allergens

when to use gloves

touching - blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, mucous membranes, non-intact skin

Performing - dentistry, necropsy, resuscitations, obstetrics

handling - dirty laundry, dx specimens, animals with suspected disease

facial protection


safety glasses


face shield

dust masks and surgical masks are...

....not respirators and do not protect against airborne pathogens

wear a respirator when...

investigating - abortions, avian mortality

conditions where aerosol transmission is suspected

dusty conditions

handling sick parrots

change outerwear when

its soiled

after handing infectious animal

after working in isolation rooms

after a necropsy or high risk procedure

wash hands when...

before and after each patient

after contact with patient fluids

after removal of gloves/sleeves

after cleaning cages

before eating, drinking, smoking or handling contacts

how you can modify working practices

personal protective equipment

hand hygiene

environmental measures

medical management

one health

the concept that the health of animals/people and the viability of ecosystems are inextricably linked

tiered response in disaster preparedness

local->state->federal government

local government responsibilities in diseasters

treat injured

provide law enforcement

restore critical infrastructure

shelter evacuees

manage resources

determine needs and shortfalls

incorporate/request state and federal assets

state responsibilities in diseasters

deploy state resources (food, ice, supplies)

law enforcement assets

public works teams

specialized technical assistance

national guard assets

serve as conduit for federal assistance

federal responsibilities in disasters

restore critical infrastructure- utilities, transportation, telecommunications

restore essential government services

protect the environment

Foreign animal disease response

detect/identify the disease ASAP

protect human health

eradicate infection (protect animal health)

preserve markets

local, state, regional and national level coordination


causes an acute encephalitis in all warm blooded hosts, including humans and the outcome is almost always fatal

transmission of rabies

when infected saliva of a host is passed to an uninfected animals- also happens through mucous membranes and corneas

vaccine rule for rabies

all dogs at least 3 months shall be immunized against rabies by 6 months

animal bites to humans

animal will be held for observation until the tenth day following the bite

In the case of an animal biting a person

no person shall destroy or allow to be detroyed without authorization by the local health officer or administrator

possibly rabid animal bites pet currently vaccinated for rabies

re-vaccinate +45 days quarantine

possibly rabid animal bites pet NOT currently vaccinated for rabies

euthanasia or revaccinate + 6 months quarantine